Crawford County, Indiana


Crawford County, Indiana
Crawford County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Crawford County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1818
Named for William H. Crawford
Seat English
Largest town Marengo
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

308.72 sq mi (800 km²)
305.64 sq mi (792 km²)
3.08 sq mi (8 km²), 1.00%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

10,713
35/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.crawfordcountyindiana.com
Footnotes:  

Indiana county number 13

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 10,713.[1] The county seat is English[2].

Contents

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 308.72 square miles (799.6 km2), of which 305.64 square miles (791.6 km2) (or 99.00%) is land and 3.08 square miles (8.0 km2) (or 1.00%) is water.[3]

Cities and towns

Unincorporated areas

Townships

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

History

Crawford County was formed in 1818. Some say it was named for William H. Crawford, who was U.S. Treasury Secretary in 1818. Others say it was named for Col. William Crawford, who fought in the French and Indian War and Revolutionary War, and who was burned and scalped by Indians in 1782 in what is now Wyandot County, Ohio. The county seat was in Leavenworth for several decades but eventually moved to English.[4]

Climate and weather

English, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.7
 
41
21
 
 
3.5
 
48
24
 
 
4.8
 
59
33
 
 
4.7
 
69
41
 
 
5.1
 
77
49
 
 
4.8
 
85
59
 
 
4.2
 
88
63
 
 
3.9
 
87
61
 
 
3.6
 
81
53
 
 
3.1
 
70
41
 
 
4.4
 
57
34
 
 
4
 
46
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in English have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −31 °F (−35 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.13 inches (80 mm) in October to 5.06 inches (129 mm) in May.[5]

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[6][7]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[6][7]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[7]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[7]

Crawford County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Todd Young. It is also part of Indiana Senate district 47[8] and Indiana House of Representatives district 73.[9]

See also

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Crawford County, Indiana

References

External links

Sources

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

Coordinates: 38°17′N 86°28′W / 38.29°N 86.46°W / 38.29; -86.46


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crawford County (Indiana) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Indiana Verwaltungssitz: English Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse P.O. Box 316 English, IN 47118 0316 Gründung: 29. Januar 1818 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ohio Township, Crawford County, Indiana — Ohio Township   Township   Location of Ohio Township in Crawford County …   Wikipedia

  • Johnson Township, Crawford County, Indiana — Infobox Settlement official name = Johnson Township settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = map caption = Location of Johnson Township in Crawford County mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision type …   Wikipedia

  • Patoka Township, Crawford County, Indiana — Infobox Settlement official name = Patoka Township settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = map caption = Location of Patoka Township in Crawford County mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision type …   Wikipedia

  • Whiskey Run Township, Crawford County, Indiana — Infobox Settlement official name = Whiskey Run Township settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = map caption = Location of Whiskey Run Township in Crawford County mapsize1 = map caption1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Boone Township, Crawford County, Indiana — Infobox Settlement official name = Boone Township settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = map caption = Location of Boone Township in Crawford County mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision type =… …   Wikipedia

  • Jennings Township, Crawford County, Indiana — Infobox Settlement official name = Jennings Township settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = map caption = Location of Jennings Township in Crawford County mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Sterling Township, Crawford County, Indiana — Infobox Settlement official name = Sterling Township settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = map caption = Location of Sterling Township in Crawford County mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Liberty Township, Crawford County, Indiana — Infobox Settlement official name = Liberty Township settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = map caption = Location of Liberty Township in Crawford County mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision type …   Wikipedia

  • Union Township, Crawford County, Indiana — Infobox Settlement official name = Union Township settlement type = Township nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = map caption = Location of Union Township in Crawford County mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision type =… …   Wikipedia