- Maurice Hankey, 1st Baron Hankey
Maurice Hankey, 1st Baron Hankey Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster In office
14 May 1940 – 20 July 1941
Prime Minister Winston Churchill Preceded by The Lord Tryon Succeeded by Duff Cooper
Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, 1st Baron Hankey, GCB, GCMG, GCVO, PC (1 April 1877–26 January 1963) was a British civil servant who gained prominence as the first Cabinet Secretary and who later made the rare transition from the civil service to ministerial office.
Life and career
The third son of R. A. Hankey, Maurice Hankey was born at Biarritz in 1877 and educated at Rugby School. He joined the Royal Marine Artillery, was promoted Captain and served in successive roles including coastal defence analyst in the War Division of the Naval Intelligence Department (1902–1906). In 1908 he was appointed Naval Assistant Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence and became Secretary to the Committee in 1912, a position he would hold for the next twenty-six years. In November 1914 he took on the additional duty of Secretary of the War Council. In this function he took notice of the ideas of Major Ernest Swinton to build a tracked armoured vehicle and brought them to the attention of Winston Churchill on 25 December 1914, leading to the eventual creation of the Landship Committee.
In December 1916 David Lloyd George became Prime Minister and shook up the way the government was run. A small War Cabinet was instigated and Hankey was appointed as its Secretary. He also served as Secretary of the Imperial War Cabinet (which also incorporated representatives of the Colonies and Dominion governments) and gained a reputation for strong competency, so much so that when the full Cabinet was restored in 1919, the secretariat was retained and Hankey served as Secretary to the Cabinet for the next nineteen years. In 1923 he acquired the further position of Clerk of the Privy Council. During his long tenure he would also often serve as British Secretary to many international conferences and Secretary-General of many Imperial Conferences.
In August 1938 Hankey retired from government and became a British Government Director of the Suez Canal Company, a post he would hold for only one year. In the New Year's Honours List of 1939 he was ennobled as Baron Hankey, of The Chart in the County of Surrey. Lord Hankey remained a respected figure and was often consulted by ministers and civil servants for advice. In August 1939 he advised Neville Chamberlain about the formation of a new War Cabinet and the following month become another of Chamberlain's many non-party political appointments when he was made Minister without Portfolio and a member of the War Cabinet. Hankey was personally reluctant to take on this task but agreed to do so. He became Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster when Chamberlain was succeeded by Winston Churchill in May 1940, but was left out of Churchill's War Cabinet. In July 1941 Lord Hankey was moved to the position of Paymaster-General, but the following year he was dropped from the Government altogether. He continued to hold other positions in both the public and private sector until his death.
Hankey kept a series of at times startlingly detailed handwritten diaries throughout most of his years in government, including during his time as Secretary to the War Council and Imperial War Cabinet of the First World War. These diaries are currently held at the Churchill Archives Centre in Cambridge UK, and can be read by the public.
Maurice Hankey's youngest brother Donald Hankey was a soldier best known for a series of essays he wrote while serving on the western front in World War I. Donald died in action at the Somme.
Government offices Preceded by
Secretary to the Committee of Imperial Defence
H L Ismay
New office Cabinet Secretary
Sir Edward Bridges
Sir Almeric FitzRoy
Clerk of the Privy Council
Sir Rupert Howorth
Political offices Preceded by
The Lord Tyron
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
Sir William Jowitt
Peerage of the United Kingdom New creation Baron Hankey
- Roskill, Stephen (1970). Hankey: Man Of Secrets. Volume I (1877-1918). Collins. ISBN 0-00-211327-9.
- Roskill, Stephen (1972). Hankey: Man Of Secrets. Volume II (1919-1931). Collins. ISBN 0-00-211330-9.
- Roskill, Stephen (1974). Hankey: Man Of Secrets. Volume III (1931-1963). Collins. ISBN 0-00-211332-5.
- Spartacus Educational article
- The Papers of Lord Hankey are held at the Churchill Archives Centre in Cambridge, and are accessible to the public.
Leader of the House of CommonsNeville Chamberlain (1939–1940)
Lord Privy SealSir Samuel Hoare (1939–1940) • Sir Kingsley Wood (1940) Chancellor of the ExchequerSir John Simon (1939–1940) Foreign SecretaryLord Halifax (1939–1940) Secretary of State for War Secretary of State for AirSir Kingsley Wood (1939–1940) • Sir Samuel Hoare (1940) First Lord of the AdmiralityWinston Churchill (1939–1940) Minister for Coordination of DefenceLord Chatfield (1939–1940) Minister without PortfolioLord Hankey (1939–1940) Secretaries of the Cabinet
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Maurice Hankey — Maurice Hankey, secrétaire du Cabinet (1921) Maurice Hankey Alers Pascal, 1er baron Hankey, (1er avril 1877 16 janvier 1963) est un fonctionnaire britannique qui est parvenu au poste de secrétaire du Cabinet et qui plus tard… … Wikipédia en Français
Hankey, Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, 1st Baron — ▪ British soldier and politician born April 1, 1877, Biarritz, France died Jan. 26, 1963, Redhill, Surrey, Eng. soldier and politician, first holder of the office of secretary to the British Cabinet. He also was British secretary at several … Universalium
John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher — The Lord Fisher of Kilverstone Born 25 January 1841 Ceylon Died … Wikipedia
Robert Vansittart, 1st Baron Vansittart — Robert Gilbert Vansittart, 1st Baron Vansittart, GCB, GCMG (1881 1957) was a senior British diplomat in the period before and during World War II.Diplomatic careerHe was educated at Eton College. In 1902, he entered the Foreign Office, starting… … Wikipedia
Norman Brook, 1st Baron Normanbrook — Norman Craven Brook, 1st Baron Normanbrook GCB, PC (29 April 1902 – 15 June 1967), known as Sir Norman Brook between 1946 and 1964, was a British civil servant. He was Cabinet Secretary between 1947 and 1962 as well as joint permanent secretary… … Wikipedia
Edward Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges — Edward Ettingdene Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges, KG, GCB, GCVO, PC, MC (4 August 1892 ndash; 27 August 1969) was a British civil servant. Born in Yattendon in Berkshire, Bridges was the son of Robert Bridges, later Poet Laureate, and Mary Monica… … Wikipedia
Baron Hankey — Baron Hankey, of The Chart in the County of Surrey, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1939 for the prominent civil servant Sir Maurice Hankey, Cabinet Secretary from 1920 to 1938. His eldest son, the second Baron … Wikipedia
Maurice Macmillan — Born 27 January 1921(1921 01 27) Died 10 March 1984(1984 03 10) (aged 63) Title Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden Spouse(s) … Wikipedia
Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig — Douglas Haig redirects here. See also Douglas Haig (disambiguation). The Earl Haig Earl Haig Nickname … Wikipedia
David Eccles, 1st Viscount Eccles — For other people named David Eccles, see David Eccles (disambiguation). The Right Honourable The Viscount Eccles CH KCVO PC Paymaster General and Minister for the Arts In offic … Wikipedia