- Raj Chandra Bose
**Raj Chandra Bose**(June 19 ,1901 -October 31 ,1987 ) Indianmathematician andstatistician best known for his work in design theory and the theory oferror-correcting code s in which the class ofBCH code s is partly named after him. He was notable for his work along withS. S. Shrikhande and E. T. Parker in their disproof of the famousconjecture made byLeonhard Euler dated 1782 that there do not exist two mutually orthogonallatin square s of order 4n + 2 for every n.**Life**Raj was born in

Hoshangabad , India; he was the first of five children. His father was a doctor and life was good until 1918 when his mother died in theinfluenza pandemic . His father died of a stroke the following year. In very difficult circumstances Bose continued to study coming in first in the MA examinations inpure mathematics at theUniversity of Calcutta . He did research under the supervision of thegeometer ProfessorShyamadas Mukherjee . Bose found a job as a lecturer atAsutosh College ,Calcutta . He managed to publish some work on thedifferential geometry of convex curves.Bose's course changed in December 1932 when P. C. Mahalanobis, director of the new (1931)

Indian Statistical Institute , offered Bose a half-time job. Mahalanobis had seen Bose’s geometrical work and wanted him to work in statistics. The day after Bose moved in, the secretary brought him all the volumes of "Biometrika " with a list of 50 papers to read and also Fisher's "Statistical Methods for Research Workers ". Mahalanobis told him, "You were saying that you do not know much statistics. You master the 50 papers … and Fisher's book. This will suffice for your statistical education for the present." WithS. N. Roy , who joined the ISI a little later, Bose was the chief mathematician at the Institute.He first worked in multivariate analysis where he collaborated with Mahalanobis and Roy. In 1938-9 Fisher visited India and talked about the design of experiments. Roy had the idea of using the theory of

finite fields andfinite geometry to solve problems in design. The development of a mathematical theory of design would be Bose's main preoccupation until the mid 1950s.The ISI workers had a joke about Mahalanobis and Bose and their different priorities. The Professor wanted Bose to visit the paddy fields and advise him on sampling problems for the estimation of yield of paddy. Bose did not very much like the idea, and he used to spend most of the time at home working on combinatorial problems using

Galois fields . Whenever Professor Mahalanobis asked about Bose, his secretary would say that Bose is working in fields, which kept the Professor happy.In 1935 Bose had become full-time at the Institute. In 1940 joined the

University of Calcutta whereC. R. Rao was in the first group of students he taught. In 1945 Bose became Head of the Department of Statistics. The university authorities told him he had to have a doctorate. So he submitted his published papers on multivariate analysis and the design of experiments and was awarded a D. Litt. in 1947.In 1947 Bose went to the United States as a visiting professor at

Columbia University and theUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill . He received offers from American universities and he was also offered positions in India. The Indian jobs involved very heavy administration, which he saw as the end of his research work and in March 1949 he joined the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill as Professor of Statistics.In the years at Chapel Hill Bose made important discoveries on

coding theory (withD.K. Ray-Chaudhuri ) and constructed (withS. S. Shrikhande and E. T. Parker ) aGraeco-Latin square of size 10, a counterexample to Euler's conjecture that noGraeco-Latin square of size 4"k" + 2 exists. In 1971 he retired aged 70. He then accepted a chair atColorado State University of Fort Collins from which he retired in 1980. His final doctoral student finished after this second retirement.Bose died in Colorado, aged 86, in 1987.

**Some articles by R. C. Bose***R. C. Bose, On the construction of balanced incomplete block designs, Annals of Eugenics. 9 (1939), 358-399.

*R. C. Bose and K. R. Nair, Partially balanced incomplete block designs, Sankhya 4 (1939), 337-372.

*R. C. Bose andD.K. Ray-Chaudhuri On a class of error-correcting binary codes, Information and control, 3, (1960), 68-79.

*R. C. Bose andS. S. Shrikhande , On the falsity of Euler’s conjecture about the non-existence of two orthogonal Latin squares of order 4t+2, Proceedings of the national Academy of Science USA, 45, (1959), 734-737.**Autobiography***J. Gani (ed) (1982) "The Making of Statisticians," New York: Springer-Verlag.This has a chapter in which Bose tells the story of his life.

**Discussions***Norman R. Draper (1990) Obituary: Raj Chandra Bose,

Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Vol. 153, No. 1. pp. 98-99.

*“ Bose, Raj Chandra”, pp. 183-184 in "Leading Personalities in Statistical Sciences from the Seventeenth Century to the Present, " (ed. N. L. Johnson and S. Kotz) 1997. New York: Wiley. Originally published in "Encyclopedia of Statistical Science."**External links*** [

*http://www.4to40.com/legends/index.asp?article=legends_rcbose Raj Chandra Bose*]

* [*http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/maths/histstat/people/bose.gifR. C. Bose:another photograph*] on the [*http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/maths/histstat/people/welcome.htm Portraits of Statisticians*] page.

* [*http://www.vigyanprasar.com/comcom/develop83.htm Indian Statistical Institute: useful background information*]

*For Bose' PhD students see MathGenealogy|id=11936

* [*http://www.maths.qmw.ac.uk/~pjc/comb/quotes.html Peter Cameron's Quotes on Mathematics: where the story about fields comes from*]

*mathworld|urlname=EulersGraeco-RomanSquaresConjecture|title=Euler's Graeco-Roman Squares Conjecture For Euler's conjecture

*Wikimedia Foundation.
2010.*

### Look at other dictionaries:

**Raj Chandra Bose**— (Bengalisch: রাজ চন্দ্র বসু, Rāj Candra Basu; * 19. Juni 1901 in Hoshangabad, Madhya Pradesh; † 31. Oktober 1987 in Colorado) war ein indischer Mathematiker und Statistiker. Er wurde unter anderem bekannt durch seine Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der… … Deutsch Wikipedia**Subhas Chandra Bose**— Subhash Chandra Bose সুভাষ চন্দ্র বসু Shubhash Chôndro Boshu Subhash Chandra Bose in his uniform Born 23 January 1897(1897 01 23) Cuttack, Orissa, India … Wikipedia**Jagadish Chandra Bose**— Infobox Scientist name = জগদীশ চন্দ্র বসু Jagadish Chandra Bose caption = Jagadish Chandra Bose in his lab birth date = birth date|1858|11|30|df=y birth place = Mymensingh, East Bengal (now Bangladesh), British India death date = death date and… … Wikipedia**Political views of Subhash Chandra Bose**— Subhash Chandra Bose advocated complete freedom for India at the earliest, whereas most of the Congress Committee wanted it in phases, through a Dominion status. [ [http://sify.com/itihaas/fullstory.php?id=13401417 Subhas Chandra Bose] . Itihas… … Wikipedia**Subash Chandra Bose (film)**— Infobox Film name = Subash Chandra Bose imdb id = 0459554 writer = K. Raghavendra Rao starring = Venkatesh, Genelia D Souza, Shriya Saran, Prakash Raj, Tom Alter, Gulshan Grover director = K. Raghavendra Rao producer = Ashwini Dutt distributor =… … Wikipedia**Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport**— নেতাজী সুভাষচন্দ্র বসু আন্তর্জাতিক বিমানবন্দর IATA: CCU – ICAO: VECC … Wikipedia**Death of Subhas Chandra Bose**— The alleged death of Subhas Chandra Bose, the supreme commander of Azad Hind Fauj and Free India Legion in a plane crash in Taiwan on August 18, 1945, has long been the subject of dispute. There has been three Government of India sponsored… … Wikipedia**Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero**— Directed by Shyam Benegal Produced by Raj Pius Barbara von Wrangell … Wikipedia**Bosé**— Bose ist ein italienischer und deutscher Name sowie die anglisierte Namensform des bengalischen Namens Basu. Bose ist der Familienname folgender Personen: sächsische Adelsfamilie, siehe Bose (Adelsgeschlecht) Abala Bose (1864–1951),… … Deutsch Wikipedia**Raj**— ist Vorname folgender Personen: Mulk Raj Anand (1905–2004), indischer Roman und Kurzgeschichtenautor Raj Chandra Bose (1901–1987), indischer Mathematiker und Statistiker Baldev Raj Chopra (* 1914), indischer Filmregisseur und Produzent Raj Kapoor … Deutsch Wikipedia