Sex-negativity is a term ascribed to the philosophy that attaches a negative or conservative meaning to the human sexual act. Its opposite is sex-positivity.
To some advocates of the philosophy of sex-positivity, sex-negativity "is" the
traditionaland still dominant view of sex in Western culture. According to these advocates, traditional religiousviews of sex define traditional Western valuesin relation to this subject. However, most organized religions in the history of the world have had at least some restrictions on sex, often demanding the obligatory initiation of force or violence to prevent or punish forbidden sex acts.
To those who are sex-negative, also known as
antisexualist, prude, puritan, Victorian, and prohibitionist, sex is often seen as the root of all evil, or else as something too sacred to allow casual or irreverant exercise of. They see the minds, souls, and bodies of people as belonging to God (or gods), or else, to their spouses, families, communities, nations, civilizations, or humanity as a whole.
Some proponents of sex-positivity claim that under the Western, Christian tradition, sex is seen as a destructive force except when it is redeemed by the saving grace of
procreation, and sexual pleasure is seen as sinful. Sexual acts are ranked hierarchically, with procreative marital heterosexualityat the top of the hierarchy and masturbation, homosexualityand other sexualitiesthat deviate from societal norms closer to the bottom. Medicine and psychiatry are said to have also contributed to sex-negativity, as they may, from time to time, designate some forms of sexuality that appear on the bottom of this hierarchy as being pathological(see Mental illness). Rubin, Gayle (1984). "Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality". In Carole S. Vance (Ed.), "Pleasure and Danger: exploring female sexuality", pp. 267–319. Boston (Routledge & Kegan Paul). ISBN 0-7100-9974-6] However, Western societies which predate Christian influence, such as ancient Greece, have often endorsed forms of sexuality that strongly conflict with Christian beliefs. For instance, Socrates, certainly not the most libertineof the Greek writers, supports homosexuality:
Let no one whom he [a soldier] has a mind to kiss refuse to be kissed by him while the expedition lasts. So that if there be a lover in the army, whether his love be youth or maiden, he may be more eager to win the prize of valour.Plato, "Republic", translated by Benjamin Jowett. line 8823]
An emerging chorus of voices from sex-positive theorists who are people of color has provided an important contribution to the movement, giving substance to the power analysis of sex-positivity at the intersection of race/culture, gender, sexuality, class, nationality, and spirituality. Farajaje-Jones (2000) highlighted the connection between white supremacist ideology and what he termed "erotophobia" saying:
The fear of the erotic and of its power, has therefore played a powerful role in shaping institutionalized White supremacy's vision of what it means to be African, to be Black. African is wild, hot, savage, beastlike, libidinal, primal; in short, the African is the very embodiment of all that the dominating culture sees as evil and in need of being policed and controlled. (p.331)Farajaje-Jones, E. (2000). In K. Kay, J. Nagle, & B. Gould (Eds.), "Male Lust: Pleasure, Power, and Transformation" (pp. 327-335). New York: Harrington Park Press.]
Some advocates of relational views of human sexuality claim that sex-positivists have invented sex-negativity as a "
Straw manargument" against which they can assert a sex-positivity.Fact|date=November 2007 In this view, human sexuality is regarded "only" as an expression of love between two people. Thus, from this perspective, pornography, masturbation, and other aspects of sex-positivity are regarded as " perversions"; i.e. degradations of human sexuality with a tendency to destroy romantic love and promote "heartless" physical hedonism. Morality in Media, a prominent advocacy organization in the Anti-pornography movement, articulates this viewpoint:
"The pornography business takes the beauty of real love and converts it into soulless, commercialized slime. The porn-fighters protect healthy sexuality with the key ingredients of love, tenderness, commitment, and the privacy of intimate moments." cite book |last= Queen |first= Carol |title= Real Live Nude Girl: Chronicles of Sex-Positive Culture |year= 1997 |publisher= Cleis Press |location= Pittsburgh |isbn= 1-57344-073-6 ]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sex-positive — The sex positive movement is a loosely defined term that applies to a wide variety of elements that embrace social and philosophical attitudes promoting open sexuality with few limits.OverviewThe sex positive movement does not in general make… … Wikipedia
Sex-positive feminism — Part of a series on Feminism … Wikipedia
Heterosexism — Articleissues OR=June 2008 refimprove=August 2007Heterosexism is a term that applies to attitudes, bias, and discrimination in favor of opposite sex sexuality and relationships. It can include the presumption that everyone is heterosexual or that … Wikipedia
Gay community — or LGBT community is a term used to describe the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender subculture. Within the LGBT community there are many identifiable sub communities the leather community, the Bear community, the chubby community, the… … Wikipedia
Antisexualism — is a term that describes either, *the views of someone who is antagonistic towards sexuality; *or a movement against all forms of sexuality.People involved in, and proponents of, the movement may be described as antisexual . In pre modern times,… … Wikipedia
Prig — A prig (IPAEng|ˈprɪg, sometimes spelled prigg) is someone who shows an inordinately zealous approach to matters of form and propriety; especially where the prig has the ability to show his/her superior knowledge to those who don t know the… … Wikipedia
Prude — A prude (Old French prude ) [cite web | title=Prude yourDictionary.com | publisher=Houghton Mifflin Company | url=http://www.yourdictionary.com/ahd/p/p0625700.html | accessdate=2007 04 07 ] is a person who is described as being overly concerned… … Wikipedia
Gymnophobia — is a fear (phobia) of nudity. Gymnophobics experience anxiety from nudity, even if they realize their fear is irrational. They may worry about seeing others naked or being seen naked, or both. Their fear may stem from a general anxiety about… … Wikipedia
Feminist philosophy (french) — French feminist philosophy De Beauvoir, Kristeva, Irigaray, Le Doeuff, Cixous Alison Ainley INTRODUCTION Although women have been active philosophers for many centuries,1 the development of a specifically feminist viewpoint in the context of… … History of philosophy
Open marriage relationship — Relationships Types … Wikipedia