- Mersey Docks and Harbour Company
The Mersey Docks and Harbour Company (MDHC), formerly the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board (MDHB), owns and administers the dock facilities of the Port of Liverpool, on the River Mersey, England. These include the operation of the enclosed northern dock system that runs from Princes Dock to Seaforth Dock, in the city of Liverpool and the dock facilities built around the Great Float of the Wirral Peninsula, located on the west side of the river.
Liverpool Town Council's Dock Committee was the original port authority. In 1709 it had been authorised to construct Liverpool's first enclosed ship basin, the Old Dock, which was the world's first commercial wet dock. By 1750 the old Dock Committee was replaced by the Liverpool Dock Trustees. In order to provide stone for the construction of the expanded dock system, from 1830 the Trustees (and later the MDHB) operated large quarries at Creetown, Scotland.
The Mersey Docks and Harbour Board took over running of Liverpool's docks from the Trustees in 1858. The need for Liverpool Corporation to divest its dock interests to a new public body was as a result of pressure from parliament, dock merchants and some rival port operators.
At one point the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board railway totalled 104 miles (166 km) of line, with connections to many other railways. A section of the line ran, unsegregated from other road traffic, along the dock road. Today only the Canada Dock Branch is used.
The MDHC was accused of "macho management" by the Financial Times regarding its treatment of some its staff, which resulted in Liverpool Dockers' Strike. In recent years the safety record of the MDHC has worsened.
Following the closure of the original Cammell Laird shipyard in 1993, the dock and the four remaining dry docks at the site are owned by the MDHC. All were subsequently leased, firstly to the A&P Group and then to Northwestern Shiprepairers & Shipbuilders, which officially renamed itself Cammell Laird Shiprepairers and Shipbuilders Ltd on 17 November 2008.
Other Port operators in the UK include:
- Associated British Ports
- Peninsular and Oriental group
- PD Ports
- ^ a b (pdf) Port of Liverpool (official map), Peel Ports, http://www.merseydocks.co.uk/assets/pdf/Port-of-Liverpool-Map.pdf, retrieved 18 December 2008
- ^ Port of Liverpool & Manchester Ship Canal, Peel Ports, http://www.merseydocks.co.uk/about/, retrieved 18 December 2008
- ^ a b Mersey Docks & Harbour Board: the Board is formed, Port Cities/E. Chambré Hardman Archive, http://www.mersey-gateway.org/server.php?show=ConNarrative.45&chapterId=195, retrieved 18 December 2008
- ^ a b Mersey Docks and Harbour Board collection, National Museums Liverpool, http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/maritime/archive/mdhc.aspx, retrieved 18 December 2008
- ^ "Trading Places: Old Dock History", National Museums Liverpool, http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/nof/docks/access/dock_history7.html, retrieved 18 December 2008
- ^ a b Storrie, Robert, Embryo of a Port 1715, Mike Royden's Local History Pages, http://www.btinternet.com/~m.royden/mrlhp/students/port/embryoofport.htm, retrieved 18 December 2008
- ^ Creetown, Scotland: The Kirkmabreck Quarries, http://www.dalbeattie.com/scotland-creetown/quarries/, retrieved 29 May 2006
- ^ Maund, T.B. (November 1991), Mersey Ferries - Volume 1, Transport Publishing Co. Ltd., pp. 52–53, ISBN 086317-166-4
- ^ Hodgson, Neil (17 November 2008), Cammell Laird name returns on River Mersey, Liverpool Echo, http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/liverpool-news/local-news/2008/11/17/cammell-laird-name-returns-on-river-mersey-100252-22275256/, retrieved 18 December 2008
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