Pashmina


Pashmina

Pashmina refers to a type of fine cashmere wool and the textiles made from it.cite book |last= Franck|first= Robert R.|title=Silk, Mohair, Cashmere and Other Luxury Fibres |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=M-om7HI3rwcC&pg=PA142&vq=pashmina&dq=cashmere+pashmina&lr=&as_brr=3&client=firefox-a&source=gbs_search_s&sig=ACfU3U3kA5WpJP7CKvHEXVHVm2bu22iDhw |accessdate= 2008-07-08|year=2001 |month= October |publisher= Woodhead Publishing|isbn= 1855735407|pages=p.142 ] The name comes from "Pashmineh", made from Persian "pashm" (= "wool")."Pashmina." "The Oxford English Dictionary". 2nd ed. 1989.] This wool comes from changthangi or pashmina goat, which is a special breed of goat indigenous to high altitudes of the Himalayas. The wool has been used for thousands of years to make high-quality shawls that also bear the same name.

Pashmina is an Urdu and Persian word which only became popular after the so-named shawls, woven in Kashmir, started being popular in the west. Pashmina shawls were originally shawls hand spun, woven and embroidered in Kashmir, and made from fine cashmere fiber.cite book |last= Morse|first= Linda|coauthors= Lidia Karabinech, Lina Perl, Colby Brin|title=Luxury Knitting: The Ultimate Guide to Exquisite Yarns |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=r2N05Gz_FUsC&pg=PA12&dq=cashmere+pashmina&client=firefox-a&sig=ACfU3U3oMlvpaskBe5tS3laCsAGGcNlpsA#PPA12,M1|accessdate= 2008-07-08|year=2005 |month= October |publisher= Sterling Publishing|isbn= 1931543860|pages=p.12 ]

History

The fiber is also known as "pashm" or "pashmina" for its use in the handmade shawls of Kashmir, India. [Encyclopedia Britannica (2008). "cashmere".] The woolen shawls made from wool in Kashmir region of India find written mention between 3rd century BC and the 11th century AD.Encyclopedia Britannica (2008). "kashmir shawl".] However, the founder of the cashmere wool industry is traditionally held to be the 15th century ruler of Kashmir, "Zayn-ul-Abidin", who introduced weavers from Central Asia.

Cashmere shawls have been manufactured in Kashmir and Nepal for thousands of years. The test for a quality pashmina is warmth and feel.

Production

The goat sheds its winter coat every spring. One goat sheds approximately 3-8 ounces of the fiber.

To meet the demands of cashmere lovers, the goats are now commercially reared in the Gobi Desert area in Inner and Outer Mongolia. The region has identical harsh weather conditions to those of the Himalayan region, and is thereby apt for the goats to grow this inner wool, but also has acres of grazing ground to produce cashmere economically and commercially. During spring (the molting season) the goats shed this inner wool, which regrows in winter. The inner wool is collected and spun to produce cashmere. The quality of the cashmere produced in the Gobi Desert is just as high as that produced in the Himalayas, while the costs are less.

Pashmina products

Pashmina accessories are available in a range of sizes, from "scarf" (12" x 60") to "wrap" or "stole" (28" x 80") to full sized shawl (36" x 80"). Pure pashmina is a rather gauzy, open weave, as the fiber cannot tolerate high tension. The most popular pashmina fabric is a 70% pashmina/30% silk blend, but 50/50 is also common. The 70/30 is tightly woven, has an elegant sheen and drapes nicely, but is still quite soft and light-weight.

A pashmina shawl can range in cost from as little as about $35US for a pure pashmina scarf or up to thousands of $US for a super high-quality pure pashmina shawl. They are known for their softness and warmth. A craze for pashminas in the mid-1990s resulted in high demand for pashminas, so demand exceeded supply.

When pashmina shawls rose into fashion prominence during the mid-'90s, they were marketed dubiously. Cashmere used for pashmina shawls was claimed to be of a superior quality, which was really due to the enhanced sheen and softness that the fabric (cashmere blended with silk) had. In the consuming markets, pashmina shawls were redefined as a shawl/wrap with cashmere and silk, notwithstanding the actual meaning of pashmina. Some shawls marketed as pashmina shawls contain wool, while other unscrupulous companies marketed the man-made fabric viscose as "pashmina" with deceptive marketing statements as "authentic viscose pashmina".

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pashmina — Pashmînâ Châle en pashmînâ, origine Népal Le pashmînâ, souvent appelée « l or en fibre », est l un des duvets les plus précieux qui soit. Le terme Pashmina vient du persan pashmînah پشمينه signifiant lainage ou étoffe de laine, ce mot… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pashmina — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Chal pashmina. La pashmina es un tipo de lana de cachemira, el término también se utiliza para referirse a los textiles fabricados con ella. El nombre proviene de Pashmineh, formado por la palabra persa pashm (= lana …   Wikipedia Español

  • pashmina — [pəsh mē′nə, pashmē′nə] n. 〚ult. < Pers pashm, wool〛 1. a fine, soft fabric made from cashmere 2. a shawl made of this * * * …   Universalium

  • pashmina — ● pashmina nom masculin (mot persan) Laine très fine et chaude provenant d une chèvre de l Himalaya, et tissée pour en faire des châles ; le châle lui même …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • pashmina — from Persian pashmin woolen, from pashm wool, down …   Etymology dictionary

  • pashmina — ► NOUN 1) fine quality material made from goat s wool. 2) a shawl made from this material. ORIGIN from a Persian word meaning wool, down …   English terms dictionary

  • pashmina — [pəsh mē′nə, pashmē′nə] n. [ult. < Pers pashm, wool] 1. a fine, soft fabric made from cashmere 2. a shawl made of this …   English World dictionary

  • Pashmina — Hochwertige Pashmina Schals aus Kaschmirwolle und Seide Pashmina (Persisch Pashmineh:پشمینه) ist eine Bezeichnung für ein aus Kaschmir oder aus Kaschmir und Seide gefertigtes Tuch. Das Wort Pashmina stammt ursprünglich aus einem persischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pashmînâ — Châle en pashmînâ, origine Népal Le pashmînâ, souvent appelée « l or en fibre », est l un des duvets les plus précieux. Le terme pashmina vient du persan pashmînah پشمينه signifiant lainage ou étoffe de laine, ce mot dérive de pashm پشم …   Wikipédia en Français

  • pashmina — [[t]pæʃmi͟ːnə[/t]] pashminas 1) N UNCOUNT Pashmina is very fine, soft wool made from the hair of goats. ...pashmina scarves. 2) N COUNT A pashmina is a type of shawl made from pashmina …   English dictionary


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