Gandhi Peace Prize


Gandhi Peace Prize

The International Gandhi Peace Prize, named after Mahatma Gandhi, is awarded annually by the Government of India.

As a tribute to the ideals espoused by Gandhi, the Government of India launched the International Gandhi Peace Prize in 1995 on the occasion of the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. This is an annual award given to individuals and institutions for their contributions towards social, economic and political transformation through non-violence and other Gandhian methods. The award carries Rs. 10 million in cash, convertible in any currency in the world, a plaque and a citation. It is open to all persons regardless of nationality, race, creed or sex.

A jury consisting of the Prime Minister of India, the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha, the Chief Justice of India and two other eminent persons decides the awardee each year.

Ordinarily, only proposals coming from competent persons invited to nominate are considered. However, a proposal is not taken as invalid for consideration by the jury merely on the ground of not having emanated from competent persons. If, however, it is considered that none of the proposals merit recognition, the jury is free to withhold the award for that year. Only achievements within 10 years immediately preceding the nomination are considered for the award; an older work may, however, be considered if its significance has not become apparent until recently. A written work, in order to be eligible for consideration, should have been published.[1]

Gandhi Peace Prize Recipients

Year Name Recipient Description
1995 Julius Nyerere[2] 1st President of Tanzania
1996 A. T. Ariyaratne[3] Founder of Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement
1997 Gerhard Fischer[4][5] German diplomat, recognised for his work against leprosy and polio
1998 Ramakrishna Mission[6] Founded by Swami Vivekananda for promoting social welfare, tolerance, and non-violence among disadvantaged groups
1999 Baba Amte[7][8] Social Worker
2000 Nelson Mandela (co-recipient)[9] Former President of South Africa[10]
2000 Grameen Bank (co-recipient)[11] Founded by Muhammad Yunus
2001 John Hume[1][12] Northern Irish Politician
2002 Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan[13] Educational trust that emphasizes Indian culture
2003 Václav Havel[14][15] Last President of Czechoslovakia and first President of the Czech Republic
2004 Coretta Scott King[16] Widow of Martin Luther King
2005 Desmond Tutu[17] South African cleric and activist

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Press Information Bureau Website accessed November 4, 2006.
  2. ^ "International Gandhi Peace Prize". http://www.mkgandhi.org/nobel/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  3. ^ "International Gandhi Peace Prize". http://www.mkgandhi.org/nobel/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  4. ^ "President Confers Gandhi Peace Prize 1997 on Dr.Gerhard Fischer of Germany". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 5 January 1998. http://pib.myiris.com/features/article.php3?fl=B2017. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  5. ^ Radhakrishnan, R.K. (5 July 2006). "Gerhard Fischer passes away". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2006/07/05/stories/2006070505711300.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  6. ^ "International Gandhi Peace Prize". http://www.mkgandhi.org/nobel/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  7. ^ Narmada.org accessed November 4, 2006.
  8. ^ "International Gandhi Peace Prize". http://www.mkgandhi.org/nobel/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  9. ^ "International Gandhi Peace Prize". http://www.mkgandhi.org/nobel/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  10. ^ "International Gandhi Peace Prize". http://www.mkgandhi.org/nobel/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  11. ^ "International Gandhi Peace Prize". http://www.mkgandhi.org/nobel/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  12. ^ "International Gandhi Peace Prize". http://www.mkgandhi.org/nobel/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  13. ^ "International Gandhi Peace Prize". http://www.mkgandhi.org/nobel/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  14. ^ "PIB Press Release - President to confer the Gandhi Peace Prize to Mr. Vaclav Havel". pib.mic.in. Government of India Press Information Bureau. 2 January 2004. http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=583. Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  15. ^ "PIB Press Release - Gandhi Peace Prize conferred on Mr. Vaclav Havel". pib.mic.in. Government of India Press Information Bureau. 5 January 2004. http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=584. Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  16. ^ "International Gandhi Peace Prize". http://www.mkgandhi.org/nobel/index.htm. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  17. ^ Tutu to be honoured with Gandhi Peace Award accessed November 11, 2008.

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