- Vladimir Semichastny
Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny (Russian: Владимир Ефимович Семичастный,
January 15, 1924– January 12, 2001) was the head of the KGBfrom November 1961 to April 1967.
Semichastny, like his mentor and predecessor
Alexander Shelepin, was involved in a number of embarrassing incidents involving the KGB. For example, he sanctioned the arrest of Professor Frederick Barghoornof Yale Universitywhen he was visiting Moscowin October 1963. Semichastny hoped that by charging Barghoorn as a spyhe could induce the United States to release Igor Ivanov, arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigationthat month for espionage.
Barghoorn was a personal friend of President
John F. Kennedy, who forcefully stated that Barghoorn was not involved in any illegal activities at a press conference. The Soviets were humiliated and quickly released Barghoorn. Ivanov was allowed to leave the United States in 1971.
Subsequently, Semichastny participated in the ouster of Soviet leader
Nikita Khrushchevin October 1964, an act that undoubtedly led to his being retained by the new Soviet leadership. There are some indications that Leonid Brezhnev, who led the coup against Khrushchev, wanted to assassinate him, but Semichastny refused to allow KGB participation.
During his tenure Semichasnty attempted to create a new public image of the KGB, permitting an article to appear in the newspaper "Izvestia" that included an article with "a senior KGB officer" (himself); in the article he stated
"many youngMore articles and books on the security organs appeared, and Soviet spies became heroes in print —
Communist Partyand Communist Youth Leagueworkers have joined the KGB and none of the people who, during the time of the personality cultof Joseph Stalin, took part in the repressions against innocent Soviet people is now in the Service." Rudolf Abel, Gordon Lonsdale, Harold (Kim) Philby, and Richard Sorge.
Brezhnev finally replaced Semichastny on
May 18 1967, as part of a Kremlin power shuffle. Yuri Andropov, the new chief of the KGB, had the task of rebuilding the image and effectiveness of the service.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Vladimir Semichastny — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Vladimir Fedotov — Vladimir Fedotov … Wikipédia en Français
Vladimir Ilyin — Pas d image ? Cliquez ici. Biographie Nom Vladi … Wikipédia en Français
Vladimir Proskourine — Pas d image ? Cliquez ici. Biographie Nom … Wikipédia en Français
Vladimir Semitchastny — Vladimir Iefimovich Semichastny (en russe : Владимир Ефимович Семичастный, 15 janvier 1924, Grigorevka, Gouvernorat de Iekaterinoslav, Ukraine – 12 janvier 2001, Moscou) fut président du KGB de novembre 1961 jusqu à avril 1967. Biographie… … Wikipédia en Français
KGB — For other uses, see KGB (disambiguation). Committee for State Security Комитет государственной безопасности Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti … Wikipedia
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics — a former federal union of 15 constituent republics, in E Europe and W and N Asia, comprising the larger part of the former Russian Empire: dissolved in December 1991. 8,650,069 sq. mi. (22,402,200 sq. km). Cap.: Moscow. Also called Russia, Soviet … Universalium
Active measures — (Russian: Активные мероприятия ) were a form of political warfare conducted by the Soviet security services (Cheka, OGPU, NKVD, KGB, and SVR) to influence the course of world events, in addition to collecting intelligence and producing… … Wikipedia
Yuri Andropov — Infobox Officeholder name = Yuri Andropov Юрий Владимирович Андропов nationality=Russian imagesize = small caption = order = General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union term start = 12 November 1982 term end = 9 February 1984… … Wikipedia
GRU — For other uses, see GRU (disambiguation). GRU Generalnogo Shtaba Glavnoje Razvedyvatel noje Upravlenije Главное Разведывательное Управление … Wikipedia