- Rebel Alliance
name = Rebel Alliance
officiallanguage = Basic
foundingdocument = Declaration of Rebellion
capital = Various Hidden Bases,
founders = Senators
Mon Mothma, Bail Organa, and Garm Bel Iblis
executivebranch = Chief of State ("de facto"),
establishment = 19 BBY
dissolution = 7 ABY
currency = Galactic Standard Credit (Imperial Dataries)
formedfrom = Delegation of 2000
reorganizedinto = Alliance of Free PlanetsThe Alliance to Restore the Republic (commonly known as the Rebel Alliance) is an interstellar force formed in direct military opposition to the Galactic Empire in the fictional "
Star Wars" universe. The Alliance was started by a group of loyalists who wished to preserve the ideals of the Old Republic. The primary founders were Senators Mon Mothma, Bail Organa, Padmé Amidala, and Garm Bel Iblis.
In "", it is revealed that the Rebel Alliance was formed by
Darth Vader's secret apprentice, "Starkiller," and, by extension, Vader himself. Vader originally intended to use Starkiller as a pawn to gather together the Empire's enemies, manipulating his apprentice into believing that he intended to start a rebellion; in truth, Vader wanted to lure any significant rebels into a trap, at least in the eyes of Emperor Palpatine; whether or not he intended for the Rebellion to survive is unknown. However, Starkiller managed to save the principal founders from the Empire, though at the cost of his own life.
The Alliance was established as the Delegation of 2000 almost immediately after the Clone Wars during the onset of the upcoming
Galactic Civil War, where Supreme Chancellor Palpatine transformed the Galactic Republic into the Empire with himself as its Emperor. In "", the first resistance to Imperial rule laid the foundations of the Rebel Alliance. According to the role-playing game, however, the Cantham House Meetings on Coruscantto discuss the future of the Rebels were still ongoing; resistance was relatively quiet until the incident on planet Ghorman. A military ship commanded by Captain Wilhuff Tarkin was blocked by peaceful protesters who stood on the ship's landing pad and refused to move. With implied permission from the Emperor, Tarkin landed the ship anyway, injuring and killing many - an incident that history recorded as the Ghorman Massacre.
Mon Mothma, Bail Organa, Padmé Amidala, and Garm Bel Iblisfinally realized that normal political channels were useless to address the problem. With their help, an underground ragtag organization, the Resistance, was formed to plan the removal of the Emperor, but the growing ruthlessness of the state forced them into initial secrecy as they were unable to undermine the Empire's regime.
In a few deleted scenes from "Revenge of the Sith", Senator Padmé Amidala Skywalker was briefly involved in the formation of the Alliance before her premature death after delivering her twin children, Luke and Leia, both of whom would later become members of the Alliance.
The video game "Star Wars: The Force Unleashed" presents a differing view of the Alliance's formation, hinting that the Emperor was actually pushing secretly for its formation. The reasoning was that Palpatine needed an opposing force for a war to consolidate his power with the Empire, not imagining the Alliance would ever become a serious threat.
When the Rebels were ready to fight and had formed an official organization with countless allied systems, it became clear that the cause needed a public statement to ensure its legitimacy. Mon Mothma supplied an open Declaration of Rebellion in which the grievances of the Rebel Alliance were stated and concluded with an open threat to depose the Emperor, while the Corellian Treaty was signed at the Corellian System Meetings. With these acts, the Empire went to work to crush the insurrection, while various allies secretly made their contributions to the Alliance, slowly making the united Rebel Force even more powerful.
The most notable equipment contributions include the defection of the Incom Corporation staff and all relevant material involved in the development of an advanced spacefighter, the
X-wing. Later the squid-like species called the Mon Calamari joined the rebellion and used their renowned skill in ship construction to supply badly needed capital ships that could take on the Imperial Navy.
According to the RPG, part of the Alliance's strategy was the "Doctrine of Space Denial" in which the Alliance would attack Imperial shipping in hit and run raids both to disrupt Imperial supplies and operations and to illegally confiscate desperately needed materials. Consequently, their starfighters had hyperdrive capability along prearranged routes which would allow this kind of harassment and escape before the Empire could react.
Through their intelligence network, the Alliance learned of the construction of the
Death Star, an enormous battle station intended to secure the Empire's power. Operation Skyhook, a military campaign commanded by Princess Leia and involving Keyan Farlander and Kyle Katarn, was successful in stealing the schematics of the station, but her ship was crippled and captured by the Imperial fleet while attempting to deliver them. Leia was held hostage for a time by the Emperor's second in command, Darth Vader. She was rescued by Luke Skywalker, Han Solo, Chewbacca, and Obi-Wan Kenobiwho were able to deliver the station schematics to the Alliance. This led directly to the Alliance's glorious victory in the and also gained them Luke, their only loyal member with training in the Force.
The Alliance suffered a crushing defeat on
Hothwhen one of their main command centers, Echo Base, was overrun by the Empire's 501st Legion.
Towards the end of the movie
Return of the Jediand after the defeat on Hoththe Rebel Alliance reforms most of it's command and gathers new funds and weapons and under the command of Han Solo, Chewbacca, Princess Leia, Lando Calrissian, and the knowledge and help of various planetary creatures such Ewoksthey conquer the Empires main base on Endorand liberate most of the galaxy, also leading to the defeat of the Empirewhich results in the death of Darth Vader, Darth Sidiousand most of the Empire hierchy and the complete destruction of the Death Starand the Empire's fleet of ships.
* Galen Marek "Starkiller"
Garm Bel Iblis
* General Rahm Kota
enior civil government and military high command
Mon Mothma- Co-founder and commander-in-chief
Bail Organa- Co-founder
Garm Bel Iblis- General and co-founder
Admiral Ackbar- Supreme Commander of the Rebel Alliance Fleet
*Leia Organa - Senior diplomat
Han Solo- General and former smuggler
Lando Calrissian- General and former Cloud City administrator
Wedge Antilles- Commanderof Rogue Squadronand, following Luke Skywalker's resignation, General
Luke Skywalker- Commander and Jedi Knight; former Commanderof Rogue Squadron
*Carlist Rieekan - General and Commander of the Alliance's Echo Base on
*Jan Dodonna - General and Commander of the Alliance base on Yavin IV
Bases of operations
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