Ferdinand I of Aragon


Ferdinand I of Aragon

Ferdinand I (Ferran - Catalan) (Medina del Campo, Castile, 27 November 1380 – Igualada, Catalonia, 2 April 1416), called of Antequera and also the Just or the Honest, was king of Aragon, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia and (nominal) Corsica and king of Sicily, duke (nominal) of Athens and Neopatria, and count of Barcelona, Roussillon and Cerdanya (1412-1416). Regent of Castile (1406-1416). See Crown of Aragon.

He was the younger son of king John I of Castile and Eleanor of Aragon.

In 1406, upon the death of his elder brother, king Henry III of Castile, Ferdinand declined the Castilian crown and instead, with Henry's widow Catherine of Lancaster, became coregent during the minority of his nephew John II of Castile. In this capacity he distinguished himself by his prudent administration of domestic affairs.

In a war with the Muslim kingdom of Granada, he conquered the town of Antequera (1410), and hence his surname.

After Ferdinand's maternal uncle, the king Martin I of Aragon (Martin II of Sicily), died without surviving issue, Ferdinand was chosen king of Aragon in 1412 to succeed him in the Compromise of Caspe. The other candidate, count James II of Urgell (see counts of Urgell), revolted and Ferdinand dissolved the county of Urgell in 1413.

Ferdinand created the title of prince of Girona for the heir of the Crown of Aragon in 1414.

The most notable accomplishment of his brief reign was his agreement in 1416 to depose the antipope Benedict XIII, thereby helping to end the Great Schism, which had divided the Western Church for nearly 40 years.

He is buried in the Aragonese royal pantheon of the monastery of Poblet, in a magnificent tomb ordered by his son Alfonso to Pere Oller in 1417.

Lorenzo Valla wrote an official biography of Ferdinand ("Historiarum Ferdinandi regis Aragonum libri sex").

Family and children

In 1393 Ferdinand married Eleanor of Alburquerque (1374-1435). They had seven children:
* Alfonso V of Aragon (1396-1458), king of Aragon, Sicily and Naples
* Maria of Aragon, (1396-1445), queen of Castile, first wife of John II of Castile
* John II of Aragon (1398-1479)
* Henry of Aragon (c. 1400-1445), duke of Villena, count of Alburquerque and Empuries, lord of Sogorb, etc., and grand master of the military Order of Santiago
* Eleanor of Aragon, (1402-1445), queen of Portugal, who married Edward I of Portugal
* Peter of Aragon (1406-1438), count of Alburquerque and duke of Noto
* Sancho of Aragon (1410-1416)

ee also

*Compromise of Caspe

External links

* [http://www.grec.net/cgibin/hecangcl.pgm?NDCHEC=0026613&PGMORI=E Ferdinand I of Catalonia-Aragon in the Catalan Hyperencyclopaedia]
* [http://libro.uca.edu/chaytor/hac14.htm H. J. Chaytor, "A History of Aragon and Catalonia", ch. 14, "The 'Compromise' of Caspe".]
* [http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/historia/monarquia/fernando_i.shtml La Monarquía Hispánica: Fernando I "el de Antequera" (1412-1416)] (in Spanish)
* [http://ddd.uab.es/pub/locus/11359722n4p81.pdf Article of Francesca Español Bertran on his tomb in Poblet] (in Spanish)

Other literature

J.N Hillgarth,"The Spanish Kingdoms" ISBN 0 19 822531 8

T.N.Bisson,"The Medieval Crown of Aragon" ISBN 0-19-820236-9


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