- Stuart period (England)
The Stuart period of English history usually refers to the period between
1603and 1714. This coincides with the rule of the House of Stuart, whose first monarch was James I of England. The period ended with Queen Anne and the accession of George I from the House of Hanover. The Stuart period was plagued by internal and religious strife.
ignificant events of the period
English civil war
English Civil War(s) took place during the reign of Charles I, the second Stuart monarch. This ended in victory for the Parliamentariansand Charles was executed in 1649.
After this conflict the line of
Stuartmonarchs was temporarily displaced by the Commonwealth of England( 1649to 1660). This was ruled directly by Oliver Cromwellin the period 1653to 1659. After Cromwell's death the Commonwealth fell apart and the Convention Parliament welcomed Charles II, son of Charles I to return from exile and become king. This event was known as the English Restoration.
Anglo Dutch Wars
Anglo-Dutch Warswere a series of three wars which took place between the English and Dutch during the period 1652to 1674. English defeats forced Charles II to sign for peace and led to Dutch domination of sea trading routes until 1713. ["Dutch War." Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2006 Ultimate Reference Suite DVD. [Accessed May 1, 2008] .]
Popish Plot( 1678) was an alleged Catholicconspiracy concerning a (totally fictitious) manuscript which accused the Roman Catholic Church of approving an assassination of Charles II. The plot led to anti-Catholic hysteria in Englandand the executions of approximately 35 innocent persons. [
"Popish Plot."Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2006 Ultimate Reference Suite DVD . [Accessed May 1, 2008] .]
The 'Glorious' Revolution of 1688
This event took place during James II's reign.
Glorious Revolutionwas a bloodless coup in Englandwhich resulted in William III of Orange becoming King alongside Queen Mary II. There was, however, opposition in Scotlandwhich contributed to the Massacre of Glencoe. ["Glorious Revolution."Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2006 Ultimate Reference Suite DVD . [Accessed May 1, 2008] .]
English Civil War
House of Stuartproduced six English monarchs who ruled during this period.
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