Stuart period (England)


Stuart period (England)

The Stuart period of English history usually refers to the period between 1603 and 1714. This coincides with the rule of the House of Stuart, whose first monarch was James I of England. The period ended with Queen Anne and the accession of George I from the House of Hanover. The Stuart period was plagued by internal and religious strife.

ignificant events of the period

English civil war

The English Civil War(s) took place during the reign of Charles I, the second Stuart monarch. This ended in victory for the Parliamentarians and Charles was executed in 1649.

After this conflict the line of Stuart monarchs was temporarily displaced by the Commonwealth of England (1649 to 1660). This was ruled directly by Oliver Cromwell in the period 1653 to 1659. After Cromwell's death the Commonwealth fell apart and the Convention Parliament welcomed Charles II, son of Charles I to return from exile and become king. This event was known as the English Restoration.

Anglo Dutch Wars

The Anglo-Dutch Wars were a series of three wars which took place between the English and Dutch during the period 1652 to 1674. English defeats forced Charles II to sign for peace and led to Dutch domination of sea trading routes until 1713. ["Dutch War." Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2006 Ultimate Reference Suite DVD. [Accessed May 1, 2008] .]

Popish Plot

The Popish Plot (1678) was an alleged Catholic conspiracy concerning a (totally fictitious) manuscript which accused the Roman Catholic Church of approving an assassination of Charles II. The plot led to anti-Catholic hysteria in England and the executions of approximately 35 innocent persons. [

"Popish Plot."Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2006 Ultimate Reference Suite DVD . [Accessed May 1, 2008] .]

The 'Glorious' Revolution of 1688

This event took place during James II's reign.

The Glorious Revolution was a bloodless coup in England which resulted in William III of Orange becoming King alongside Queen Mary II. There was, however, opposition in Scotland which contributed to the Massacre of Glencoe. ["Glorious Revolution."Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica 2006 Ultimate Reference Suite DVD . [Accessed May 1, 2008] .]

Timeline

;;1603-1625:Jacobean Era

;;1625-1642:Caroline Era

;;1642-1651:English Civil War

;;1651-1660:English Interregnum

;;1660:Restoration of Charles II

;;1688:Glorious revolution

Monarchs

The House of Stuart produced six English monarchs who ruled during this period.

The early Stuarts.
*King James I (1603 to 1625).
*King Charles I (1625 to 1649).

The late Stuarts.
*King Charles II (1660 to 1685).
*King James II (1685 to 1688).
*Queen Mary II (1689 to 1702). "Reigned with William III of House of Orange-Nassau."
*Queen Anne (1702 to 1714)

ee also

Tudors

References


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