Warrior tracked armoured vehicle


Warrior tracked armoured vehicle

Infobox Weapon
name=FV 510 Warrior


caption=FV510 Warrior Infantry Section Vehicle
origin=United Kingdom
type=Infantry fighting vehicle
is_vehicle=yes
length=6.3 m
width=3.03 m
height=2.8 m
weight=25.4 tonnes
suspension= torsion bar
speed=46 mph (75km/h)
vehicle_range=410 miles (660 km)
primary_armament= 30 mm L21A1 RARDEN cannon
secondary_armament= L94A1 coaxial 7.62 mm chain gun
7.62 mm machine gun
base armour= Aluminium & applique
engine= Perkins V-8 Condor
engine_power=550 hp (410 kW)
pw_ratio=
crew=3 (commander, gunner, driver) + 7 troops

The FV510 "Warrior" tracked vehicle family, are a series of British armoured vehicles originally developed to replace the older FV430 series of armoured vehicles. The Warrior started life as the MCV-80 project that was first broached in the 1970s, GKN Sankey winning the production contract in 1980. GKN Sankey is now a part of BAE Systems Land and Armaments. The Warrior has the speed and performance to keep up with a Challenger 2 main battle tank over the most difficult terrain, and also possesses the firepower and armour to support infantry in the assault.

Description

The Warrior incorporates several design features in keeping with UK battlefield experience. In particular, there are no firing ports in the hull, in line with British thinking that the role of the armoured personnel carrier/infantry fighting vehicle (APC/IFV) is to carry troops under protection to the objective and then give firepower support when they have disembarked. Another reason is that it is not possible to fire accurately out of the ports of a moving IFV and access to firing ports would require internal stowage to be moved from behind the seated soldiers in the rear of the vehicle. The absence of firing ports also allows additional applique armour (such as "cage armour") to be fitted to the sides of the vehicle, which is invariably applied to Warriors involved in active operations.

Passenger access is through a single electric ram powered door at the rear of the hull, rather than a drop-down ramp as in the American M113 and M2 Bradley APCs.

Warrior Section Vehicles are able to carry and support seven fully-equipped soldiers together with supplies and weapons including a number of anti-tank weapons for a 48-hour battlefield day in nuclear/biological/chemical conditions. The protection against small arms, missiles, Rocket propelled grenades and anti-tank mines was proven during the UN operations in Bosnia.

The Warrior is driven by a Perkins-Rolls-Royce V8 Condor engine through a four-speed automatic gearbox. It is capable of a road speed of 46 mph (75 km/h). The vehicle is fitted with a two-man GKN Sankey turret, armed with a L21A1 30 mm RARDEN cannon capable of destroying most modern APCs at a maximum range of 1500 m, and a L94A1 EX-34 7.62 mm Hughes Helicopters coaxial chain gun. It is fitted with passive (upgraded to active in most vehicles) night vision and defensive grenade launchers (usually used with Visual and Infrared Screening Smoke - VIRSS).

All Warrior Infantry Section Vehicles are now equipped with Bowman radios for enhanced communications, command and control. Thales Optronics battle group thermal imaging (BGTI) sights have been added to upgrade the night fighting capability. As of 2007, 350 vehicles were fitted with BGTI.

Combat history

*Operation Granby (Gulf War)
*United Nations duties in Bosnia with the UNPROFOR
*Operation Telic (2003 invasion of Iraq)
*Operation Herrick (Afghanistan with ISAF)

Operators

*flagicon|UK British Army — 789 received between 1987 and 1995.
*flagicon|Kuwait Kuwati Land Forces — 254 Desert Warriors received.

Variants

*FV510 Infantry Section Vehicle. This is the principal version operated by the British Army, described above.
*MILAN Anti-Tank Guided Weapon Carrier. Used in Armoured Infantry battalions by anti-tank squads equipped with the MILAN ATGW.
*FV511 Infantry Command Vehicle
*FV512 Mechanised Combat Repair Vehicle. Operated by REME detachments in Armoured Infantry battalions. It is equipped with a 6.5 tonne crane plus power tools and is able to tow a trailer carrying two Warrior power packs or one Challenger power pack.
*FV513 Mechanised Recovery Vehicle (Repair). Also operated by REME detachments in Armoured Infantry battalions. It is equipped with a 20 tonne winch and 6.5 tonne crane plus power tools and (like the FV512) is able to tow a trailer carrying two Warrior power packs or one Challenger power pack.
*FV 514 Mechanised Artillery Observation Vehicle. This is operated by the Royal Artillery as an Artillery Observation Post Vehicle (OPV) and is fitted with mast-mounted Man-packable Surveillance and Target Acquisition Radar (MSTAR) and Position and Azimuth Determining System (PADS) with Image Intensifying and Infra Red equipment. The only armament is the 7.62 mm machine gun as the 30 mm Rarden cannon is replaced with a dummy weapon. This allows space for the targeting and surveillance equipment while still keeping largely the same outward appearance of a standard Warrior.
*FV 515 Battery Command Vehicle. This is operated by the Royal Artillery
*Reconnaissance Vehicle. This has additional armoured protection against conventional and chemical attack. Armour shielding covers the front, sides and the suspension of the vehicle. The Warrior Reconnaissance vehicle is normally operated by a crew of three, the driver, commander and the gunner and can carry a reconnaissance officer and additional surveillance equipment.
*Desert Warrior. This was an export version adapted for operations in hostile desert conditions. It was fitted with the Delco turret as used on the LAV-25 wheeled IFV, mounting a stabilised M242 Bushmaster 25 mm chain gun with coaxial 7.62 mm chain gun and 2 x Hughes TOW ATGM launchers (one mounted on each side). In 1993, Kuwait purchased 254 Desert Warrior vehicles.
*Warrior 2000. This was a new version developed for the Swiss Army. It did not enter production. It featured an all-welded aluminium hull, increased armour, digital fire control system and more powerful engine. It was fitted with the Delco turret, or a Land Systems Hagglunds E30 turret with Alliant Techsystems Bushmaster II Mk 44 30 mm cannon.

Warrior Upgrade programme

As part of the Warrior Mid-Life Improvement Programme (2006-2012), the British Army is upgrading its Warriors to extend their service life to 2025. Upgrades already fitted include the Bowman Communications System and Thales Battle Group Thermal Imaging (BGTI) night sights.

Future upgrades will include a Digital Fire control System and improved power pack.

As part of the British Army's Manned Turret Integration Program (MTIP), a major upgrade will include a new turret. In March 2008, it was announced that a 40mm weapon developed by Anglo-French firm CTA International and firing Cased Telescoped Ammunition was the preferred weapon to refit Warrior and to fit a new reconnaissance vehicle which would be part of the Future Rapid Effect System. British Aerospace is developing a manned turret fitted with this weapon. There appear to be no competitors to British Aerospace for this equipment for the British Army. [ [http://www.quarry.nildram.co.uk/WLIP.htm Bruce Quarrie website] ]

ee also

*French AMX-10P
*German Schützenpanzer Marder
*German Schützenpanzer Puma
*Italian Dardo IFV
*Singaporean Bionix AFV
*Soviet BMP-3 IFV
*Spanish Pizarro IFV
*Swedish CV90 IFV
*US M113 APC
*US M2 Bradley IFV
*Chinese WZ551 Type 92

References

*Foss, Christopher & Sarson, Peter. "Warrior Mechanised Combat Vehicle 1987 - 1994", Osprey UK, 1994, London, New Vanguard Series No. 10.

External links

* [http://www.army-technology.com/projects/warrior/ Army Technology]
* [http://www.army.mod.uk/equipment/fighting-vehicles/1476.aspx The British Army]
* [http://www.ifrance.com/ArmyReco/europe/Angleterre/vehicules_legers/MCV-80/Warrior_MCV-80_Angleterre_description.htm Army Recognition in French]
* [http://www.rickard.karoo.net/articles/weapons_warrior.html Military History Encyclopedia on the Web]
* [http://www.un.org/icty/transe14/971110ed.htm Proceedings of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia] . The testimony by Lieutenant Colonel Bryan Watters gives a good illustrations of the peace-keeping operations in which Warrior vehicles were used.


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