Location of the town and municipality of Cumaribo in the Department of Vichada.
Country Colombia
Region Orinoquía
Department Vichada
Foundation 1959
 – Mayor Aldemar Gomez Gonzalez
 – Total 74,000 km2 (28,571.6 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 – Total 28,718
 – Density 0.2/km2 (0.4/sq mi)

Cumaribo is a town and municipality located in the Department of Vichada, Republic of Colombia. Cumaribo was founded by Jose Nicolino Mattar in 1959.

In 2005 the municipality had an estimated total population of 28,718 inhabitants, 4,312 of these living in the head of the municipality or urban area. The municipality has 74,000 kmª, one of the largest municipalities in Colombia.



The municipality of Cumaribo borders to the north with the other three municipalties of the Department of Vichada; La Primavera, Puerto Carreño and Santa Rosalia; to the east with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela; to the south with the Department of Guainía; and to the west with the departments of Meta and Guaviare.

Cumaribo is within the Orinoquia Region of Colombia part of the Llanos plains that cover part of Colombia and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Three quarters of the total are of the municipality of Cumaribo are savanna and the rest are covered by jungle with some small mounts including the Mount Vichada, Mount Mona, Mount Matavenia and Mount Guaripa.[1]

There are three important rivers basins within the range of the municipality; the Orinoco River, the Meta River and the Guaviare River. The Meta river flows into the Orinoco river and the Guaviare river is the main current for the Muro, Uva and Mataven rivers. There are also two main lakes within the municipality; the Lake Caimán and the Lake Sesema.[1]

Temperature is in average hot and dry between 27 °C and 30°C throughout the year.[1]


Cumaribo was officially founded by colonizers led by Jose Nicolino Mattar in 1959 but was inhabited previously by indigenous peoples such as the Guahibo.

Colombian armed conflict

The area has been under the influence of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrilla group due to the large production of coca leafs in the region and difficult access for the Military of Colombia. Tomás Medina Caracas, a promiment FARC commander in charge of the illegal drug trade for this organization was killed on September 1, 2007 in a Colombian Army military operation in eastern Colombia within the municipality of Cumaribo near the border with Venezuela.[2]


According to a census of 2001, the population at the head of the municipality was of 1055 inhabitants, 534 males, 521 females. Children between 0–14 years old was of 418 of which 206 were male and 212 female. Young adults between 15–24 years old is of 208 of which 95 were male and 113 female. Adults between the ages of 25 and 49 years old was of 358 of which 186 were male and 172 female. 49 and older were 71 people of which 47 were male and 24 female. More than half of the population were colonizers, 35% indigenous and a 15% mestizos.[3]

Indigenous reserves in Cumaribo

The municipality of Cumaribo has some 38 indigenous reserves.[3] The indigenous are predominantly the Guahibo people, Curripaco and Piapoco peoples pertaining to the Arawak language family, and the Cuiva, Desana, puinave and Saliva peoples.[4]

  1. Santa Teresita del Tuparro*
  2. Tomo Bebery
  3. El Merey
  4. San Luis del Tomo
  5. La Esmeralda
  6. Valdivia
  7. Tsololoibo Matatu
  8. Muco Guarrojo
  9. Rawaneruba
  10. Saracure
  11. Únuma
  12. Concordia
  13. Barranco Lindo
  14. Corocora
  15. Palomas Carpintero
  16. Guaco
  17. Chocón
  18. Laguna Colorada
  19. Cali
  20. Minitas
  21. Morocoto-Buenavista-Manajuare
  22. Giro
  23. Yurí
  24. Cumaral
  25. Barranquito – Laguna Colorada
  26. Caño Bocón
  27. Laguna Anguilla – La Macarena
  28. Sejalito – San Benito
  29. Lagunas Negra y Cacao
  30. Berrocal – Ajota
  31. Matavén – Fruta
  32. Caño Zama
  33. Atana Pirariame
  34. Equa Guarracañá
  35. Bajo Vichada
  36. Aiwa Cuna Tsepajibo
  37. Caño Cavasi
  38. Guacamayas.


External links

Coordinates: 4°27′N 69°48′W / 4.45°N 69.8°W / 4.45; -69.8

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cumaribo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cumaribo Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cumaribo — ist eine kolumbianische Gemeinde im Departamento Vichada. Sie liegt an der Grenze zu Venezuela. [1] Im März 2011 wurden in der Nähe von Cumaribo 23 einheimische Angestellte einer Tochter von Talisman Energy entführt.[1] Die Sicherheitslage in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cumaribo — 4°27′N 69°48′W / 4.45, 69.8 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aeropuerto Cumaribo — IATA: PCE Sumario Tipo Público …   Wikipedia Español

  • Estructura militar de las FARC — Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia Bandera de las FARC Liderado por Timoleón Jiménez Iván Márquez Joaquín Gómez Mauricio Jaramillo Pablo Catatumbo Pastor Alape …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vichada Department — Department of Vichada Departamento del Vichada   Department   …   Wikipedia

  • Aeropuerto Germán Olano — Aeropuerto Nacional de Puerto Carreño IATA: PCR   OACI: SKPC Sumario Tipo Públ …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anexo:Aeropuertos de Colombia — Lista de aeropuertos de Colombia, agrupados por tipo y ordenados por ubicación. Contenido 1 Aeropuertos 2 Véase también 3 Referencias …   Wikipedia Español

  • Puerto Carreño — Infobox City official name = Puerto Carreño nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250px map caption = Location of the town and municipality of Puerto Carreño in the Department of Vichada. subdivision type = Country… …   Wikipedia

  • Municipalities of Colombia — The Municipalities of Colombia are decentralized subdivisions of the Republic of Colombia. Municipalities make up most of the departments of Colombia with 1,119 municipalities (municipios). Each one of them is led by a Mayor (Alcalde) elected by… …   Wikipedia