Cumaribo Country Colombia Region Orinoquía Department Vichada Foundation 1959 Government – Mayor Aldemar Gomez Gonzalez Area – Total 74,000 km2 (28,571.6 sq mi) Population (2004) – Total 28,718 – Density 0.2/km2 (0.4/sq mi) Website
In 2005 the municipality had an estimated total population of 28,718 inhabitants, 4,312 of these living in the head of the municipality or urban area. The municipality has 74,000 kmª, one of the largest municipalities in Colombia.
The municipality of Cumaribo borders to the north with the other three municipalties of the Department of Vichada; La Primavera, Puerto Carreño and Santa Rosalia; to the east with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela; to the south with the Department of Guainía; and to the west with the departments of Meta and Guaviare.
Cumaribo is within the Orinoquia Region of Colombia part of the Llanos plains that cover part of Colombia and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Three quarters of the total are of the municipality of Cumaribo are savanna and the rest are covered by jungle with some small mounts including the Mount Vichada, Mount Mona, Mount Matavenia and Mount Guaripa.
There are three important rivers basins within the range of the municipality; the Orinoco River, the Meta River and the Guaviare River. The Meta river flows into the Orinoco river and the Guaviare river is the main current for the Muro, Uva and Mataven rivers. There are also two main lakes within the municipality; the Lake Caimán and the Lake Sesema.
Temperature is in average hot and dry between 27 °C and 30°C throughout the year.
Colombian armed conflict
The area has been under the influence of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrilla group due to the large production of coca leafs in the region and difficult access for the Military of Colombia. Tomás Medina Caracas, a promiment FARC commander in charge of the illegal drug trade for this organization was killed on September 1, 2007 in a Colombian Army military operation in eastern Colombia within the municipality of Cumaribo near the border with Venezuela.
According to a census of 2001, the population at the head of the municipality was of 1055 inhabitants, 534 males, 521 females. Children between 0–14 years old was of 418 of which 206 were male and 212 female. Young adults between 15–24 years old is of 208 of which 95 were male and 113 female. Adults between the ages of 25 and 49 years old was of 358 of which 186 were male and 172 female. 49 and older were 71 people of which 47 were male and 24 female. More than half of the population were colonizers, 35% indigenous and a 15% mestizos.
Indigenous reserves in Cumaribo
The municipality of Cumaribo has some 38 indigenous reserves. The indigenous are predominantly the Guahibo people, Curripaco and Piapoco peoples pertaining to the Arawak language family, and the Cuiva, Desana, puinave and Saliva peoples.
- Santa Teresita del Tuparro*
- Tomo Bebery
- El Merey
- San Luis del Tomo
- La Esmeralda
- Tsololoibo Matatu
- Muco Guarrojo
- Barranco Lindo
- Palomas Carpintero
- Laguna Colorada
- Barranquito – Laguna Colorada
- Caño Bocón
- Laguna Anguilla – La Macarena
- Sejalito – San Benito
- Lagunas Negra y Cacao
- Berrocal – Ajota
- Matavén – Fruta
- Caño Zama
- Atana Pirariame
- Equa Guarracañá
- Bajo Vichada
- Aiwa Cuna Tsepajibo
- Caño Cavasi
- ^ a b c (Spanish) Municipality of Cumaribo: General Information – geography
- ^ (Spanish) El Tiempo: El capo de las drogas de las Farc eltiempo.com Accessed 03 September 2007.
- ^ a b Luis Angel Arango Library: Diagnóstico sociolingüístico de Cumaribo, zona de contacto indígena – Colono, Vichada
- ^ (Spanish) Municipality of Cumaribo: General Information – demography
- (Spanish) Cumaribo official website
Municipalities in Vichada Department
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