Artificial language

Artificial language

An artificial language is a language created by a person or a group of people for a certain purpose, usually when this purpose is hard to achieve by using a natural language. Such a language can be based on an existing vocabulary or can create a new vocabulary.

If an artificial language does not serve the purpose of general-purpose communication (as natural languages do), then it is necessarily a second language.

Examples of artificial languages include:
* Constructed languages ease inter-human communication, bring realism to fictional worlds, and allow for linguistic experimentation. Esperanto, Tolkien's Quenya, and Lojban are examples of these three broad types.
* Formal languages are tools in the field of mathematical logic and computer science where meaning (semantics) and grammar (syntax) are very precisely defined.
* Computer languages are formal languages used by humans to communicate with computers or for communication among computing devices. Programming languages and [markup languages are subtypes.

It should be noted that the above categorization is not exclusive; for example, it is reasonable that a computer language can be constructed for a fictional work or that a linguistic experiment can be used to instruct a computer.

ee also

* Language translation
* Knowledge representation

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • artificial language — noun a language that is deliberately created for a specific purpose • Ant: ↑natural language • Hypernyms: ↑language, ↑linguistic communication • Hyponyms: ↑Antido, ↑Arulo, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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  • artificial language — noun a) constructed language b) formal language …   Wiktionary

  • artificial language — /atəfɪʃəl ˈlæŋgwɪdʒ/ (say ahtuhfishuhl langgwij) noun 1. a language invented for a particular purpose, for which the rules are explicitly established prior to its use, as Esperanto. 2. in the area of communication between people and computers, a… …   Australian English dictionary

  • artificial language — 1. an invented language, as opposed to a hereditary one, intended for a special use, as in international communication, a secret society, or computer programming. 2. code (def. 11). [1860 65] * * * …   Universalium

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  • artificial language — См. lingua artificiale …   Пятиязычный словарь лингвистических терминов

  • artificial language — See formal system …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Language — This article is about the properties of language in general. For other uses, see Language (disambiguation). Cuneiform is one of the first known forms of written language, but spoken language is believed to predate writing by tens of thousands of… …   Wikipedia

  • language — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) System of communication Nouns 1. language, tongue, lingo, vernacular, mother tongue, protolanguage; living or dead language; idiom, parlance, phraseology; wording; dialect, patois, cant, jargon, lingo,… …   English dictionary for students

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