- European Democrats
The European Democrats is a loose association of Conservative parties in Europe. It is a political group in the
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. It was a political group (until 1992) and is a subgroup of EPP-ED (since 1992) in the European Parliament.
European Democrats in the European Parliament
Infobox European Parliament group
name = European Democrats
title = European Democrats
imagecaption = ED logo
from=17 July 1979
to=1 May 1992
European Conservative Group
European People's Party–European Democrats
englishabbr = ED
frenchabbr = DE
formalname = European Democratic Group
meps = 64 (July 17, 1979)
50 (July 23, 1984)
34 (July 25, 1989)
European Democratic Group(ED) was formed on 17 July 1979 by British Conservative, Danish Conservative and other MEPs after their success in the 1979 elections. It supplanted the earlier European Conservative Group.
In the late seventies and early eighties, the ED was the third-largest group in the Parliament.
However, the group saw its membership fall sharply in the late 1980s, as many
centre-rightmembers moved to the rival European People's Partygroup, dominated by the German CDU and the ideology of Christian democracyin general. The ED had been somewhat further from the political centre and less europhilic than the EPP. Largely isolated, even hardline eurosceptics like Margaret Thatcherconceded that the British Conservatives could not be effectively heard from such a peripheral group. On 1 May 1992 the ED (now largely composed of UK Conservative Party members) dissolved, and its remaining members were accorded "associated party" status in the EPP group; that is, being part of the parliamentary group without retaining actual membership in the EPP party organization. This was considered essential for the Conservatives, as the EPP was generally seen as quite favourable to European integration, a stance at odds with their core ideology.
The Conservatives' relationship to the EPP would become a sore point in the following years, particularly for the eurosceptic general membership in Britain.
William Haguehoped to put the issue to rest by negotiating a new arrangement in 1999 by which the parliamentary group would rebrand itself as "EPP-ED", with the "European Democrat" nomenclature returning after a seven-year hiatus. This was intended to nominally underscore the Conservatives' status apart from the rest of EPP, and it was hoped that with the coming enlargement of the European Unionnumerous newly involved right-wing parties, averse to the EPP proper for its perceived eurofederalism, would be willing to instead enter the ED subgroup, growing the overall alignment.
The arrangement proved to do little to appease opposition. Hague's successor,
Iain Duncan Smith, made a concerted drive at one point to resurrect the European Democratic Group, but backed off when it became clear that Conservative MEPs would not move voluntarily. The hope that multiple Central and European parties would join ED also proved to be dubious, as only the Czech Civic Democratic Partytook up the offer, with the remainder joining EPP proper or other groups such as Union for Europe of the Nationsor Independence and Democracy.
Today, ED remains a more
euroscepticsubgroup within the broader EPP-ED bloc that contributes slightly more than 10% of its total MEPs. It has thus far resisted the trend of incorporating as a European political party.
During the 2005 Conservative leadership contest, eventual winner
David Cameronpledged to withdraw the Conservatives from the EPP-ED coalition, while opponent David Davisargued in a letter to the editor of the Daily Telegraphthat the current ED arrangement allowed the Conservatives to maintain suitable distance from EPP while still having influence in the largest parliamentary grouping. Conservative/EPP-ED MEP Martin Callananresponded in that paper the following day:
It was reported that the Czech
Civic Democratic Party, the Polish Law and Justice party and the French Rally For France party were interested in joining a breakaway group, formed under the Movement for European Reform. Sir Reg Empey, Leader of the UUP has committed his party to a new group [ [http://www.uup.org/newsrooms/speeches/text-of-a-speech-by-sir-reg-empey-to-the-agm-of-the-ulster-unionist-council-on-saturday-may-31-2008-.php Leader's speech 2008] ] Its position would be that the European Unionshould exist; however, it should be a looser supranational organisation than the current structure. This would make it more eurosceptic than the EPP, and less eurosceptic than the Union for Europe of the Nationsand the Independence and Democracygroup.
Some members from the above parties founded a new organization, the
Alliance for an Open Europe, in the midst of this debate, with broadly similar objectives. It remains to be seem if what relationship would be anticipated between this body and a new Parliamentary group.
*Občanská Demokratická Strana (ODS) (Civic Democratic Party) (9 members out of 277 of the EPP-ED Group)
*Partito dei Pensionati (Pensioners' Party) (one member)flagicon|Portugal
*Democratic and Social Centre / People's Party (2 members)
*Conservative Party (26 members)
Ulster Unionist Party(UUP) (one member)
European Democrats in PACE (Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe)
European Democrat Groupis a political group in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
* [http://www.kas.de/wf/de/71.4504/ Political Groups of the European Parliament] [http://www.kas.de/wf/de/71.4504/ Political Groups of the European Parliament] ]
* [http://www.ena.lu?doc=4327&lang=2 Development of Political Groups in the European Parliament] [http://www.ena.lu?doc=4327&lang=2 Development of Political Groups in the European Parliament] ]
* [http://www.europe-politique.eu Europe Politique] [http://www.europe-politique.eu/democrates-europeens.htm ED on Europe Politique] ]
* [http://www.europarl.europa.eu/members/archive.do?language=EN European Parliament MEP Archives] [http://www.europarl.europa.eu/members/archive/term1/view.do?language=EN&id=1393 European Parliament profile of James Scott-Hopkins] ] [http://www.europarl.europa.eu/members/archive/alphaOrder/view.do?id=1389&language=en European Parliament profile of Henry Plumb] ] [http://www.europarl.europa.eu/members/archive/alphaOrder/view.do?id=1392&language=en European Parliament profile of Christopher Prout] ]
* [http://emlab.berkeley.edu/users/groland/pubs/HNR-Democracy_in_the_EP-11July05.pdf Democracy in the European Parliament] [http://emlab.berkeley.edu/users/groland/pubs/HNR-Democracy_in_the_EP-11July05.pdf Democracy in the European Parliament] ]
Alliance for an Open Europe
Movement for European Reform
European People's Party–European Democrats
* [http://www.epp-ed.org/europeandemocrats/ European Democrats official website]
* [http://www.edgpace.org/ European Democrat Group in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe]
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