- Ephraim and Judah
Hebrew Scriptures( Tanakh), the reference of "Ephraim and Judah" (when employed together) are merely figurative terms used for the two ancient Kingdoms of Israel. See History of Ancient Israel and Judah.
Ephraim and Judah
The reference of "Ephraim and Judah" is employed most frequently by the Prophets (
Nevim) of the Hebrew Scriptures. The phrases " Israel and Judah" and "Joseph and Judah" [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Zechariah%2010:6&version=8; Zechariah 10:6] are used in similar fashion, referencing the same two respective Israelite Kingdoms.
Tribes and Kingdoms
Since "Ephraim" was a specific tribe of Israel, careful contextual analysis should be used when distinguishing the differences in tribal and figurative kingdom identifications within the
Tanakh, especially since the Prophets used the terms "Ephraim", "Joseph", and "Israel" interchangeably, speaking of the same entity, the Northern Kingdom of Israel, the House of Israel, or the House of Joseph. [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Zechariah%2010:6&version=8; Zechariah 10:6]
"Judah", likewise was a name used for both a "tribe" and "kingdom" (the
tribe of Judah, the Kingdom of Judah, the House of Judah, and even the House of David ( King Davidbeing a descendant of Judah)).
To see where "Ephraim" and "Judah" are used in this idiomatic fashion within the
Hebrew Scriptures, see [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah%207:17;&version=8; Isaiah 7:17] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah%209:21;&version=8; 9:21] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah%2011:13;&version=8; 11:13] ; [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Hosea%205:5;&version=8; Hosea 5:5] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Hosea%205:12-14;&version=8; 5:12-14] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Hosea%206:4;&version=8; 6:4] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Hosea%2010:11;&version=8; 10:11] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Hosea%2011:12;&version=8; 11:12] ; [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Ezekiel%2037:16-19;&version=8; Ezekiel 37:16-19] ; [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Zechariah%209:13;&version=8; Zechariah 9:13] , [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Zechariah%2010:6&version=8; 10:6] .
History of Ancient Israel and Judah
Two House Theology
Stick of Joseph
* [http://www.jewsandjoes.com/ Jews and Joes: the Two Sticks of Israel]
* [http://unitedisrael.org/ United Israel World Union]
* [http://www.mim.net/ Messianic Israel Alliance]
* [http://britam.org/ Brit-Am]
* [http://israelite.info/ Israelite.info]
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History of ancient Israel and Judah — Further information: History of Palestine, Pre history of the Southern Levant, History of the Southern Levant, and History of the Levant The Iron Age kingdom of Israel (blue) and kingdom of Judah (tan), with their neighbours… … Wikipedia
EPHRAIM — (Heb. אֶפְרָיִם), younger son of joseph , born to him in Egypt by his wife asenath daughter of Poti Phera (Gen. 41:50–52); the eponymous ancestor of one of the two tribes descended from Joseph. Before his death, Jacob adopted both Ephraim and his … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JUDAH — (Heb. יְהוּדָה), fourth son of Jacob and Leah. The biblical explanation of the name Judah connects it with thanksgiving and praise (Heb. אוֹדֶה, oʾdeh; Gen. 29:35). However, if one compares the names Judith (Gen. 26:34) and Jahdai (I Chron. 2:47) … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Ephraim Alnaqua — Ephraim ben Israel Alnaqua (d. 1442) (Hebrew: אפרים בן ישראל אלנאקוה) (also, Al Nakawa , Al Nakava , Ankava , Ankoa , Alnucawi , etc, Hebrew: נקוה , אלנאקוה , אנקווה , אנקאווא ) was a physician, rabbi, theological writer, and founder of the… … Wikipedia
Ephraim, The tribe of — Took precedence over that of Manasseh by virtue of Jacob s blessing (Gen. 41:52; 48:1). The descendants of Joseph formed two of the tribes of Israel, whereas each of the other sons of Jacob was the founder of only one tribe. Thus there were in … Easton's Bible Dictionary
JUDAH BEN KALONYMUS BEN MEIR — (d. 1196/99), German scholar, and dayyan in his native Speyer. His father was a communal leader and was one of those responsible to the king regarding the collection of community taxes. His mother was the daughter of Judah, the brother of Samuel… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EPHRAIM BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN — (1616–1678), rabbinic authority. Ephraim served as a judge in Vilna together with shabbetai kohen and aaron samuel koidanover in the bet din of his teacher, moses ben isaac judah lima . During the Swedish War (1655), Ephraim fled from Vilna to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JUDAH BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN — (18th century), German rabbi. Judah served as rosh yeshivah in Berlin and was later appointed dayyan in Lissa. He carried on an extensive correspondence with Ezekiel b. Judah landau and ephraim zalman margolioth . All his possessions were lost in … Encyclopedia of Judaism
EPHRAIM BEN SHEMARIAH — (c. 980–c. 1060), leader of the Palestinian community in cairo during the first half of the 11th century. Ephraim s father, Shemariah, was born in gaza and later moved to egypt with his family. Ephraim himself studied in the Palestinian yeshivah … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Judah — /jooh deuh/, n. 1. the fourth son of Jacob and Leah. Gen. 29:35. 2. one of the 12 tribes of Israel traditionally descended from him. 3. the Biblical kingdom of the Hebrews in S Palestine, including the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. Cf. Ephraim… … Universalium