- Cheviot Hills
The Cheviot from Broadhope Hill
Cheviot Hills shown within Northumberland
OS grid reference NT905205 List of places: UK • England • Northumberland
There is a broad split between the northern and the southern Cheviots. The former encompass most of the high ground and are pierced by five main valleys:
The southern Cheviot hills encompass the slopes running down to the valley of the river Coquet.
The Cheviot is the highest hill in the range at 2,674 ft (815 m). Other notable tops are Hedgehope Hill, Windy Gyle, Cushat Law and Bloodybush Edge. Of the hills mentioned, only Windy Gyle has its summit on the border. The rest are all within England. The English section is protected within the Northumberland National Park.
The centre of the range comprises a Devonian granite outcrop surrounded by Silurian and Devonian andesite lava flows on each side. These are in turn intruded by igneous dykes arranged radially around the Cheviot pluton. The surrounding lower ground is formed from Carboniferous Limestone though much of it is obscured by superficial deposist of Quaternary age.
The topography of the hills leads to the summits generally having low relative height. Only three are Marilyns; The Cheviot itself, Shillhope Law and Housedon Hill, a small northern outlier. To the south-west the Cheviots merge into the Kielder Forest group of hills.
The hills were the site of a battle between English and Scottish forces in The Ballad of Chevy Chase.
The Cheviot was first conquered by motorcycle in the early 1930s by two local shepherds, brothers George and Robert Mole, George on an AJS (believed to be a 350, actual model unknown) and Robert on a Francis Barnett (model unknown). They worked in the College valley and regularly took their bikes out on shepherding forays, frequently accommodating a collie on the petrol tank. They went onto the top of Cheviot several times and this was done from the College valley side via Hen Hole.
Most of the range on the English side is mapped as 'open country' and hence there is a general right to roam over it as prescribed in the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000. Traditional rights of access in Scotland, bolstered by the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2004 provide for similar access for the public to the north of the border. In addition, a sparse network of public bridleways and footpaths stretches around the area, often providing useful means of access from the lower ground onto the open hills.
The northernmost leg of the Pennine Way runs from Byrness to Kirk Yetholm. It is the longest, and most exposed, on the whole of the national trail. The Way follows the high level Border Ridge (literally the England–Scotland boundary fence) for nearly 20 miles (30 km) after the ascent to the ridge from Byrness. The terrain is boggy and remote, and two mountain refuge huts are situated on the Way for those too tired or weather-beaten to continue.
Otterburn Army Training Estate
The Otterburn Army Training Estate (ATE) covers about 230 square kilometres of the Southern Cheviots. It is owned by the Ministry of Defence (MoD), and used for training some 30,000 soldiers a year. Otterburn is the UK's largest firing range, and is in frequent use — artillery can be clearly heard from Lindisfarne to the north-east and Fontburn Reservoir in the south. Because of this, recreational use of the area is restricted, although it is possible for the public to use some parts of the estate subject to the relevant bylaws. The MoD publishes a booklet, Walks on Ministry of Defence Lands, which offers advice on this matter (see link below).
Peaks over 500 metres in the Cheviot Hills
The peaks marked with a warning sign () lie within the danger area of the ATE Otterburn artillery range.[verification needed]
Name Height (m) OS Grid reference Coordinates The Cheviot 815 NT909205 Cairn Hill 777 NT903195 Hedgehope Hill 714 NT944197 Comb Fell (peak to the east of the Fell) 652 NT924187 Windy Gyle 619 NT855153 Cushat Law 615 NT927137 Bloodybush Edge 610 NT903144 The Schil 601 NT869223 peak SSW of Catcleuch Shin 579 NT682052 Dunmoor Hill 569 NT967187 The Curr 564 NT850233 Wholhope Hill 563 NT941117 Beefstand Hill 562 NT821143 Thirl Moor 558 NT806083 Mozie Law 552 NT828150 Carlin Tooth 551 NT631024 Limestone Knowe 551 NT672018 Hartshorn Pike 549 NT627017 Black Hag 549 NT861237 Scald Hill 549 NT927218 Carter Fell 547 NT672035 Yarnspath Law 543 NT884133 Newton Tors: summit 537 NT908269 peak at Girdle Fell near White Crags 536 NT697017 King's Seat 531 NT879173 Schill Moor 528 NT944153 peak between Saughieside Hill and Black Hag 528 NT868241 Ravens Knowe 527 NT780062 Peak near Horden Edge 527 NT786073 Preston Hill 526 NT923238 Scrathy Holes 521 NT638031 Newton Tors: Wester Tor 518 NT907273 Newton Tors: Hare Law 518 NT902265 Broadhope Hill 517 NT933234 Grey Mares Knowe 516 NT666003 Ogre Hill 516 NT777069 Lamb Hill 511 NT811133 Outer Golden Pot 505 NT802072 Shillhope Law 501 NT873097
- ^ Northumberland National Park Authority, n.d. "The topology and climate of Northumberland National Park."
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Look at other dictionaries:
Cheviot Hills — [ tʃevɪət hɪlz, auch tʃiːvɪət ], Bergland an der Grenze von England und Schottland, bis 816 m über dem Meeresspiegel; aufgebaut aus Graniten und Porphyr. Die stark zertalten Flanken sind von Bergheiden und Raugrasweiden überzogen (Schafhaltung) … Universal-Lexikon
Cheviot Hills — (Tschiwiot Hills), Gränzgebirge zwischen Schottland und England, sehr reich an Steinkohlen; höchste Kuppe Hartfell 2680 über dem Meere … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Cheviot Hills — [chē′vē ət, chev′ē ət] range of hills along the border between England & Scotland: highest point, 2,676 ft (816 m) … English World dictionary
Cheviot Hills — (spr. tschéwjött oder tschihwjött), Bergzug an der engl. schott. Grenze, 816 m hoch; Schafzucht … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Cheviot Hills — In den Cheviot Hills Die Cheviot Hills in Großbritannien sind ein Berggebiet, welches sich auf beiden Seiten der schottisch englischen Grenze zwischen Northumberland und den Scottish Borders erstreckt. Die höchste Erhebung ist mit 815 m (2674 ft) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cheviot Hills — noun a range of hills on the border between England and Scotland • Syn: ↑Cheviots • Instance Hypernyms: ↑hill • Part Holonyms: ↑England, ↑Scotland * * * the Cheviots … Useful english dictionary
Cheviot Hills — Chev|i|ot Hills also Cheviots, the the Cheviot Hills a range of hills between England and Scotland … Dictionary of contemporary English
Cheviot Hills — Sp Čèvioto kalvos Ap Cheviot Hills L Jungtinėje Karalystėje (Anglijoje ir Škotijoje) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Cheviot Hills — /chev ee euht, chee vee / a range of hills on the boundary between England and Scotland: highest point, 2676 ft. (816 m). * * * Range of hills along the England Scotland border. Extending northeast southwest by the two countries boundary, its… … Universalium
Cheviot Hills — geographical name hills extending NE to SW along English Scottish border; highest peak Cheviot 2676 feet (816 meters) … New Collegiate Dictionary