- Asian Americans in arts and entertainment
Asian Americans have been involved in the
entertainment industrysince the first half of the 19th century, when Chang and Eng Bunker(the original "Siamese Twins") became naturalized citizens. [gb icon [http://faizhao.blogdriver.com/faizhao/521445.html We Are Siamese Twins-Fai的分裂生活 ] ] Acting roles in television, film, and theaterhave been relatively few, and many available roles are for narrow, stereotypical characters. Early Asian American actors such as Sessue Hayakawa, Anna May Wong, and Bruce Leeencountered a movie-making culture that wanted to cast them as caricatures.
Hollywoodand achieved world-wide fame in Hong Kong. In 1965, frustrated with the limited opportunities given to them, actors Mako, James Hong, Beulah Quo, Pat Li, and June Kim, together with Guy Leeand Yet Lock, formed East West Players(EWP), an Asian American theatercompany in Los Angeles– the first of its kind. They produced their own shows to allow Asian American actors the opportunity to perform a wide range of leading roles. As the need still exists, EWP continues today. Dozens of other Asian American theater companies have since formed in major cities throughout the United States.
Through the 1960s and 1970s, there have been limited successes by some actors:
George Takeiand Pat Moritabecame well-known from secondary roles in Star Trekand Happy Days, two of the most well-known series of the period. Miyoshi Umekiwon the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actressin 1957 for " Sayonara" and Haing Ngorwon the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actorin 1985 for The Killing Fields. Margaret Chowon the American Comedy Awardfor Best Female Comedian in 1994.
Asians continue to be underrepresented in both film and televisionfact|date=March 2008. The 1957 novel "
Flower Drum Song" is based on the San Francisco nightclub Forbidden City. Rodgers and Hammersteinadapted it into a musical that was produced on Broadway in 1958 and on film in 1961. Largely remembered for the hit song "I Enjoy Being A Girl", it would not be produced with an all-Asian cast until a 2002 Broadway revival.
Thuy Trangis probably a familiar face to many children and young adults for her role as Trini Kwan, the original yellow ranger, in the hit youth television show Mighty Morphin Power Rangers.
Mulan", a 1998 animated film set in China, cast many non-Asians in prominent roles.
Hospital TV dramas tend to have very few Asian American characters, although Asian Americans work in numerous positions in U.S. medicinefact|date=March 2008. "ER" only has one East Asian character (
Ming-Na). A contemporary major city hospital would likely have several Asian Americans on staff (but Chicago doesn't have a large Asian American population). Sandra Ohwon several awards for her role in " Grey's Anatomy".
While Asian American men win few leading roles in movies or television, Asian American women have better opportunities in the entertainment industry. The casting of Asian men as stereotypical comic relief (in "nerd" or "star student" roles) has contributed to the popularity of
William Hungas one of the most recognizable Asian American performers. He "starred" in his poor performance on an American Idolaudition and Masi Okadid the same in "Heroes". Daniel Dae Kimhas achieved some recognition as a sex symbol from his role on "Lost", openly gay theater and film actor B. D. Wongjoined the "" cast after his role in the HBOprison series "Oz", and Kal Pennand John Chostarred in " Harold and Kumar Go to White Castle", which became a popular teen comedy. Its lead characters defied the stereotype of studious, responsible, and repressed Asian American teenagers. In the past, the arrival of the new fall TV season usually meant another opportunity to gripe about the lack of Asian American representation on the air. But recently, with shows like Heroesand Lost (tv series), Asian faces are becoming more commonplace. Yet, there is much room for improvement. [ [http://www.asianweek.com/2008/09/29/fall-tv-season-peek/ "Fall TV Season Peek"] . AsianWeek. Retrieved on 2008- 09-30.]
Asian American films)
Notable works of architecture were designed by Asian Americans, such as the
Louvre Pyramid( I.M. Pei), the World Trade Center ( Minoru Yamasaki), and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial( Maya Lin). In commercial architecture, Gyo Obatais a founding partner of HOK.
In literature, Asia American writers have received numerous top awards. Women writers have been particularly prominent in being recognized for their work of telling a wide range of stories of immigrant experience, changing cultures and other aspects of Asian American imagination. They span continents, eras and points of view.
Maxine Hong Kingstonwon the National Book Critics Circleaward in 1976 for her memoir " The Woman Warrior". Bharati Mukherjeewon the National Book Critics Circle Award in 1988 for her short story collection " The Middleman and Other Stories". Chang-Rae Leereceived the Hemingway Foundation/PEN Awardfor his novel " Native Speaker" (1995). Amy Tanhas received popular acclaim for her work and had a novel produced as a film. Jhumpa Lahirireceived a 2000 Pulitzer Prizefor Fiction for her short story collection "The Interpreter of Maladies". Kiran Desaiwon the Man Booker Prize(2006) and National Book Critics Circle Award(2006) for her second novel " The Inheritance of Loss". Her mother Anita Desaihas been nominated for major awards for her novels. Naomi Hiraharawon a 2007 Edgar Awardfor her novel " Snakeskin Shamisen".
Faris McReynoldsis a Los Angeles-based artist and musician.
Jim Leeis considered to be one of the most popular comic bookartists and is one of the founders of Image Comics. Adrian Tomine's cartoons are featured in The New Yorker.
Asian-American success in the music world is disproportionate between genresfact|date=March 2008. In
classical music, cellist Yo-Yo Maand conductor Zubin Mehtaare significant figures. In popular music, however, Asian-Americans are severely underrepresented.
Asian-Americans (or people with partial Asian descent) play in a handful of rock bands, including
The Smashing Pumpkins's guitarist James Iha, Linkin Park's Mike Shinoda, and Joseph Hahn, Kim Thayilthe lead guitarist of Soundgarden, Kirk Hammettof Metallica, O.A.R.'s Richard Onand Hoobastank's lead singer Doug Robband former member Derek Kwan. The famous surf rock guitarist and pioneer of the electric guitar Dick Daleis also Asian, he is of Lebanese decent. Mike Parkis prominent in the independent music sphere as a member of Skankin' Pickle, The Bruce Lee Band, and The Chinkees, as well as being the founder of Asian Man Records.
In mainstream hip-hop and R&B, Asian-Americans are even more poorly representedfact|date=March 2008. A few notable examples are
Amerie, a notable R&B singer, The Black Eyed Peas' Apl.de.ap, and Jin, the first Asian-American to be signed to a major record label. There are many more Asian-Americans represented in local hip-hop scenes, including rising acts like the Blue Scholars. Asian American jazzis a musical movement in the United States begun in the 20th century by Asian American jazz musicians that has produced a number of very prominent musicians.
Asian American theatre
Asian American Dance Theatre
Asian American Arts Centre
List of Asian Academy Award winners and nominees
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