Gnocchi


Gnocchi

:"For the Italian Baroque composer, please see Pietro Gnocchi."Gnocchi (pronounced|ˈɲɔːki in Italian; singular "gnocco") is the Italian name for a variety of thick, soft noodle or dumpling. They may be made from semolina, ordinary wheat flour, potato, bread crumbs, or other ingredients.

The word "gnocco" means "lump", and comes from "nocchio", a knot in the wood. [Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, 1989] It’s been a traditional Italian pasta type of probably Middle Eastern origin since Roman timesHarvcolnb|Serventi|Sabban|2002|p=17] (Imperium Romanum). It was introduced by the Roman Legions during the enormous expansion of the empire into the countries of the European continent. In the past 2000 years each country developed its own specific type of small dumplings, with the ancient Gnocchi as their common ancestor. In Roman times, gnocchi were made from a semolina porridge-like dough mixed with eggs, and are still found in similar forms today, particularly in Sardinia. One variety, "gnocchi di pane" (literally bread noodles), is made from bread crumbs and is popular in Friuli and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. The use of potato is a relatively recent innovation, occuring after the introduction of the potato to Europe in the 16th century [Theisen, K. "World Potato Atlas: China - History and Overview". International Potato Center.] .

Gnocchi are eaten as entrées ("primi piatti") in Italy or as alternatives to "minestre" ("soups") or pasta.

Gnocchi are widely available dried, frozen, or fresh in vacuum sealed packages in supermarkets and Italian specialty stores. Classic accompaniments of gnocchi include tomato sauces, pesto, and melted butter (sometimes fried butter) with cheese.

In Latin America

At the start of the 20th century waves of European immigrants arrived to Latin America. In Argentina, over 50% of those immigrants came from Italy, and they brought their traditions and cuisine along with them.

In Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela, countries where Italian cuisine is especially popular, gnocchi (known as "ñoquis" in Spanish-speaking countries or "nhoque" in Brazil) are traditionally eaten on the 29th day of each month.Fact|date=August 2008 Argentines, Paraguayans and Uruguayans gather each month (exept february) specifically to eat "ñoquis del 29" (literally, "gnocchi of the 29th"). On these occasions, some people leave a banknote under the plate to attract prosperity. There are two popular explanations for these customs. One is that 29th is the day before payday, when money was tight and gnocchi were cheap and hearty fare. The other is that the 29th is the feast day of Saint Pantaleon, one of the patron saints of Venice, who was canonized on this date. Pantaleon was a doctor in the 8th century who, upon converting to Christianity, made a pilgrimage across Northern Italy. Along the way, he practiced miraculous healings that led to his sainthood. On one occasion, he asked some poor farmers for a little bread, and they invited him to share their meager meal. He blessed the farmers, who reported abundant crops the next year-another miracle. Eating simple food (represented by the ñoquis) on his feast day is the customary way to honor that miracle and ask for prosperity and blessings.

In a curious reversal of meaning, in Argentine and Uruguayan slang "ñoqui" has also become a way to denote a government employee that is listed in the payroll but only shows up to collect his or her paycheck around the 29th of each month. [cite web |title=Diccionario de la Lengua Española - ñoqui |publisher=Real Academia Española |url=http://buscon.rae.es/draeI/SrvltConsulta?TIPO_BUS=3&LEMA=%F1oqui |accessdate=2008-04-30 |language=Spanish |quote= 3. m. despect. coloq. Arg. Empleado público que asiste al lugar de trabajo solo en fecha de cobro.]

References

* Davidson, Alan. "The Oxford Companion to Food", "s.v." gnocchi.
* Jenkins, Nancy Harmon. "Flavors of Tuscany". 1998.

External links

* [http://www.foodnetwork.com/food/recipes/recipe/0,,FOOD_9936_5283,00.html Gnocchi Recipe]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gnocchi — [ ɲɔki ] n. m. • 1864; niocki 1851; nioc 1747; mot it., plur. de gnocco « petit pain » 1 ♦ Boulette de semoule ou de purée de pommes de terre que l on fait pocher et gratiner. Des gnocchis. 2 ♦ Tartelette garnie d une préparation à base de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gnocchi — [ˈɲɔkːi] ( Aussprache?/i ) ist das italienische Wort für Nocken und bezeichnet spezielle Teigwaren aus Kartoffeln oder anderen Zutaten, siehe Nocken (Gericht) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gnocchi — 1891, from It. gnocchi, pl. of gnocco, from nocchio a knot in wood, perhaps from a Germanic source akin to knuckle. So called for their shape …   Etymology dictionary

  • gnocchi — (it.; pronunc. [ñóqui]) m. pl. *Pasta alimenticia cortada en trocitos, que se elabora con harina de trigo, puré de patatas y otros ingredientes. ≃ Ñoqui. * * * (voz italiana) ► masculino plural Ñoqui …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • gnocchi — s.m. pl. În gastronomie, găluşte specific italiene, mici, ovale sau rotunde, cu aspect de scoici plate (presate cu furculiţa), fierte în apă sărată, gratinate şi servite ca antreu cald. Trimis de gal, 04.05.2005. Sursa: DGE …   Dicționar Român

  • gnocchi — ► PLURAL NOUN ▪ (in Italian cooking) small dumplings made from potato, semolina, or flour. ORIGIN Italian, plural of gnocco, alteration of nocchio knot in wood …   English terms dictionary

  • gnocchi — [nä′kē, nô′kē; ] It [ nyō̂k′kē] n. [It, pl. of gnocco, dumpling, altered < nocchio, knot (in wood), prob. < Langobardic; akin to MHG knoche, a knot, gnarl: for IE base see KNUCKLE] small, variously shaped dumplings of flour, and sometimes… …   English World dictionary

  • Gnocchi — Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Gnocchi (livre de cuisine) », sur Wikibooks (livres pédagogiques) Gnocchis et truffes. Les gnocchis (de l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gnocchi — Nockerln; Nocken * * * Gnoc|chi 〈[ njɔ̣ki] Pl.; ital. Kochk.〉 Klößchen (aus Kartoffelteig) * * * Gnoc|chi [ njɔki ] <Pl.> [ital. gnocco (Pl. gnocchi) = Mehlklößchen, Knödel, aus dem Venez.] (Kochkunst): Klößchen aus einem mit Kartoffeln und …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gnocchi — Gnoc|chi [ njɔki] die (Plur.) <zu it. gnocco, Plur. gnocchi »Mehlklößchen, Knödel«, aus dem Venez.> Klößchen, Nockerln …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch