London Borough of Wandsworth


London Borough of Wandsworth

Infobox London Borough | name = London Borough of Wandsworth
short_name = Wandsworth
imagename =

status = London borough | area_rank = 331st
area_km2 = 34.26
ons_code = 00BJ | adminhq = Wandsworth | ethnicity = 78.0% White
9.6% African-Caribbean
6.9% South Asian
url = http://www.wandsworth.gov.uk/
leadership = Leader & Cabinet
mayor = Councillor Stuart Thom
mps = Justine Greening (Con)
Sadiq Khan (Lab)
Martin Linton (Lab)
gla_constituency = Merton and Wandsworth
gla_member = Richard Tracey (Con)
The London Borough of Wandsworth (pronEng|ˈlʌndən bʌɹə ɒv ˈwɒndz.wɜːθ, audio|En-uk-LBWandsworth.ogg|listen) is a London borough in south west London, England and forms part of Inner London.

History

The borough was formed in 1965 from the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Battersea and much of the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth, but excluding Clapham and most of Streatham, both of which were transferred to the London Borough of Lambeth.

Geography

The borough borders the London Borough of Lambeth to the east, the London Borough of Merton and the Royal Borough of Kingston Upon Thames to the south, the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames to the west and to the north (across the River Thames) three boroughs, namely the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and the City of Westminster.

Demographics

According to the 2001 census Wandsworth has a population of 260,380. 78% of the population is White, 9.6% Afro-Caribbean and 6.9% South Asian.

Landmarks

Oddly, Clapham Junction station is in Battersea, rather than Clapham. There are many new or refurbished buildings along the borough's prosperous riverside including the large Chelsea Bridge Wharf. The [http://www.peacenow.org.uk/memorials/london/lc_mem_pagoda.html Peace Pagoda] in Battersea Park stands out looking into the borough from across the Thames.

Civic affairs

Mayor

The first Mayor of Wandsworth was Sir Luke Brown of Demster Road (former opium baron), who was elected to the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth in 1900. Sir Luke Brown's initials are highlighted in the diamonds in the centre of the Mayor's chain of office.

The current Mayor is Cllr Stuart Thom (Fairfield ward). His mayoral charities for the year are the Salvation Army and Alzheimer's Society.

Executive

The Executive has nine Conservative members and is presided over by Cllr Edward Lister who has been Leader of the Council since 1992.

Coat of arms

The Arms retain many of the features of the arms of the former Metropolitan Borough of Battersea and Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth.

The fess, or crossing, of the shield is chequered blue and gold representing the arms of William de Warren, created first Earl of Surrey by William Rufus. Each gold square bears a teardrop representing the tears of the French Huguenots, many of whom settled in Wandsworth in 1685.

The ship at the top may refer to the Wendels, a tribe of sea-raiders from the continent who supposedly gave their name to the district, for Wendelsworth was an early variation of Wandsworth. The four shields and oars on the ship represent the four parishes of Battersea, Putney, Tooting and Wandsworth.

The dove to the left is taken from the former Battersea coat of arms and the black dragon to the right was taken from the former Wandsworth arms and also refers to London, being similar to the City of London coat of arms.

Twinning

Wandsworth is twinned with Schiedam in the Netherlands.

Politics

Wandsworth London Borough Council

Wandsworth is administered by 60 councillors, 3 apiece from 20 wards. Since the London local elections 2006, 51 of these councillors are [http://www.wandsworthconservatives.com Conservative] and 9 are [http://www.labourwandsworth.org.uk Labour] . The Conservatives have had an overall majority on the council since 1978, despite demographics that would suggest a higher level of support for Labour; the fact that it has always held the lowest, or second-lowest, council tax rates in the country, currently half the national average [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200304/cmselect/cmodpm/402/402we10.htm] has led to great success at local level, with no Conservative MPs in the borough between 1997 and 2005 (where Putney, mostly in the borough, was captured by Justine Greening), but solid control of the council.

ummary results of elections

Westminster Parliament

The borough contains three parliamentary constituencies:
* Battersea
* Putney
* Tooting

Transport

Bridges

Five bridges join Wandsworth to the three London Boroughs on the north side of the Thames (from downstream following the river up):

* Chelsea Bridge
* Albert Bridge
* Battersea Bridge
* Wandsworth Bridge
* Putney Bridge

There are also a number of bridges crossing the River Wandle which runs through the centre of Wandsworth town and divides the borough in two.

tations

National Rail services are operated from London Waterloo by South West Trains to Earlsfield, Putney, Queenstown Road (Battersea), Wandsworth Town and the borough's most major station, Clapham Junction. This last station is also served from London Victoria by Southern as are Balham, Battersea Park and Wandsworth Common.

London Underground services are provided on the District Line to East Putney and Southfields and on the Northern Line to Balham, Clapham South, Tooting Bec and Tooting Broadway.

Education

Wandsworth has the notable Elliott School, a specialist Language College, and former school of Pierce Brosnan. In 1842 Whitelands College was founded in Chelsea by the Church of England, and heavily under the influence of John Ruskin. In 1930/1931 the college relocated to West Hill (Wandsworth Borough) and occupied an enormous purpose-built site, with buildings designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott. These buildings, now listed, were one of the Borough's largest educational sites until 2005 when the College again moved, this time to a site in Roehampton.

Places

Parks and open spaces

Wandsworth has responsibility for three Metropolitan Open Spaces:
* Battersea Park
* Wandsworth Common
* Tooting Commons - the historically separate Tooting Bec Common and Tooting Graveney CommonThese three large green spaces together with a range of smaller parks and playgrounds are patrolled by a Wandsworth Council's own parks police known as Wandsworth Parks Police

* Clapham Common - the west side is within Wandsworth but the whole common is managed by the London Borough of Lambeth.

Theatres

*Battersea Arts Centre
*Theatre 503

Localities

* Balham
* Battersea
* Earlsfield
* Furzedown
* Nine Elms
* Putney
* Putney Heath
* Putney Vale
* Roehampton
* Southfields
* Streatham Park
* Tooting
* Wandsworth

Postcode areas

SW4 (part), SW8 (part), SW11 (all), SW12 (part), SW15 (part), SW16 (part), SW17 (part), SW18 (all), SW19 (part)

ee also

*De Morgan Centre
*The Borough of Wandsworth Rifle Club

External links

* [http://www.wandsworth.gov.uk London Borough of Wandsworth]
* [http://wandsworthsociety.org.uk/ The Wandsworth Society]
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Freecycle-Wandsworth/ Freecycle Wandsworth]
* [http://www.westcotestudios.co.uk Wandsworth Art Studios]


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