Liberalism in Peru

Liberalism in Peru

This article gives an overview of liberalism in Peru. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ means a reference to another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.


Traditional liberalism wasn't successful in Peru. From time to time there existed more or less liberal parties. The Popular Action ("Acción Popular") and the Union for Peru ("Unión por el Perú") are nowadays more or less liberal parties.

The timeline

Democratic Party

*1884: Nicolás de Piérola founded the Democratic Party ("Partido Demócrata"), which comes to power in 1895.
*1920s: The party disappeared.

National Union

*1891: Manuel González Prada and others established the progressive liberal National Union ("National Union").
*1900: a faction seceded as the ⇒ Liberal Party.
*1901: The party disappeared.

Liberal Party

*1900: Augusto Durand left the ⇒ National Union and formed the Liberal Party ("Partido Liberal").
*1925: The party disappeared.

Popular Action

*1956: The Popular Action ("Acción Popular") is formed. This partt developed under its leader Fernando Belaúnde Terry into a conservative liberal party.
*1974: The party is banned.
*1976: The party is reconstituted.

Liberty Movement

*1987: Mario Vargas Llosa formed the Liberty Movement ("Movimiento Libertad"). The party is also known as Liberal Party ("Partido Liberal").

Union for Peru

*1994: Former UN secretary general Javier Pérez de Cuéllar established the Union for Peru ("Unión por el Perú"), a centre left more or less liberal party.

Liberal leaders


Liberal thinkers

In the Contributions to liberal theory the following Peruvian thinker is included:

*Hernando de Soto (1941- )



ee also

* History of Peru
* Politics of Peru
* List of political parties in Peru

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