- Round barrow
Round barrows are one of the most common types of archaeological
monuments. Although concentrated in Europethey are found in many parts of the world because of their simple construction and universal purpose.
At their simplest, round barrows are hemispherical mounds of earth and/or stone raised over a burial placed in the middle. Beyond this there are numerous variations which may employ surrounding ditches, stone kerbs or flat
berms between ditch and mound. Construction methods range from a single creation process of heaped material to a complex depositional sequence involving alternating layers of stone, soil and turf with timbers or used to help hold the structure together.
The central burial may be placed a stone chamber or
cistor in a cut grave. Both intact inhumations and cremations placed in vessels can be found.
Many round barrows attract surrounding satellite burials or later ones inserted into the mound itself. In some cases these occur hundreds or even thousands of years after the original barrow was built and were placed by entirely different cultures.
British Isles, round barrows generally date to the Bronze Agealthough Neolithicexamples are also known. Later round barrows were also sometimes used by Roman, Vikingand Saxon societies. Examples include Rillaton barrowand Round Loaf. Where several contemporary round barrows are grouped together, the area is referred to as a "barrow cemetery".
Numerous subtypes include the
bell barrow, bowl barrow, saucer barrowand disc barrow.
* [http://www.megalithic.co.uk/search.php?query=&sitetype=18 Round barrow] and [http://www.megalithic.co.uk/search.php?query=&sitetype=4 barrow cemetery] search results from [http://www.megalithic.co.uk/ The Megalithic Portal] .
* [http://www.pretanicworld.com/Monuments.html Chart of Neolithic, Bronze Age and Celtic structures] from [http://www.pretanicworld.com/ Pretanic World] .
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