Vehicle registration plates of Italy


Vehicle registration plates of Italy

Present Italian car number plates have black characters on a rectangular white background, with small blue side-fields on the right and left (see European vehicle registration plates). The current numbering scheme, in use from 1994, is unrelated to the geographical provenance of the car.

History

1903-1905

The very first Italian number plates gave the unabbreviated name of the place of origin, followed by a number, as GENOVA 83.

1905-1927

Plate was white. The registration number was a numeric code (in red), different for each province, and a progressive number, unique for that province (in black). E.g. 63 – 2993, where 63 is the code for Turin.

1927-1976

Plate was black with white digits. Rear plate was 25 x 17.5 cm, front plate was 26.2 x 5.7 cm. The registration number was the provincial designator, which is a two-letter code (exception: Rome's code is Roma, Roma for 2- or 3-wheel vehicles), and a progressive code, unique for that province, up to 6 characters long.

From 1927 to 1932, the progressive code was before the provincial designator. Then, the progressive code was before the provincial designator in front plates and after it in rear plates.

The progressive code for the first 999999 cars of the provinces was just a progressive number, sometimes filled with initial zeroes (the rules for that changed during the years).For cars from 1000000, it was A00000-A99999, B00000-B99999 etc. Possible letters were, in this order, ABDEFGHJKLMNPRSTUVZXYW. After that, it was 00000A-99999A, 00000D-99999D etc. Possible letters were, in this order, ADEFGHJLMNPRSTVWXYZ. Then, the letter was moved to the second position, then to third (same range as in last position).

1976-1985

Front plate was identical as in the period 1927-1976. Rear plate, instead, came in three pieces. One, size 10,7x33 cm, black with white digits, contains the progressive code and, very small, the provincial designator (RM only for Rome). The other two were black with orange letters, and contained the provincial designator. One was 10,7x33 cm, the other one was 10,7x20 cm. Only one of the latter two was used: for a long plate, the small province code piece is put left of the progressive code, for a roughly square plate, the big province code piece is put above the progressive code.

Rome was (and is) the only city in the world where vehicle registration plates bear the full name of the city.

1985-1994

Plates become white with black digits. Front plate becomes larger (32.5 x 10.7 cm) and the progressive code on it is moved after the provincial designator, as it was already for rear plates.

1994-present

An entirely new numeration system was introduced which omitted any explicit reference to the place of origin. A simple alpha-numeric serial code takes the form AA 999 AA. Here ‘A’ can be any letter of the Roman alphabet except I, O, Q, U and is treated as a base-22 digit; ‘9’ can be any decimal digit. e.g. AX 848 LK. The three-digit number changes first, then the letters from right to left. So, first plate is AA 000 AA, followed by AA 001 AA...AA 999 AA, then AA 000 AB etc.

Rear plates are no more in two pieces. Instead, a square plate can be chosen instead of the ordinary long one. If the rear plate is square, the numbering scheme starts from ZA 000 AA.

In 1999, the plates were redesigned. The digits are thicker. The last decimal digit is now very close to the third letter. The standard European blue band has been added on the left side, with the European flag motif (12 yellow stars) and the country code I. Another blue band was added, on the right side, bearing a yellow circle with the year of registration.

The two-letter provincial code is optionally present on the right band in capital letters (95% of circulating vehicles bear such code). For the capital city of Rome, the word "ROMA" replaces the two-digit provincial code. Provincial codes are in capital letters except for three cases, where the second letter is expressed in small caps for the provincial codes of the autonomous province of Bolzano-Bozen (Bz), for the autonomous province of Trento (Tn) and for the autonomous region Aosta Valley (Ao), that are surmounted by the local coat of arms. The reintroduction of the provincial code (although no longer as a compulsory element of the plate) was implemented because the 1994 suppression of the two-letter provincial codes proved extremely unpopular. Unlike before, the provincial code is not part of the registration number, which is the same for the whole nation.

Lists of provincial designators

List of provincial designators from 1927 until present day

AGAgrigentoALAlessandriaANAnconaAOAostaAPAscoli Piceno
AQL'AquilaARArezzoATAstiAVAvellinoBABari
BGBergamoBIBiellaBLBellunoBNBeneventoBOBologna
BRBrindisiBSBresciaBZBolzano-BozenCACagliariCBCampobasso
CECasertaCHChietiCLCaltanissettaCNCuneoCOComo
CRCremonaCSCosenzaCTCataniaCZCatanzaroENEnna
FCForlì-CesenaFEFerraraFGFoggiaFIFlorence (Firenze)FRFrosinone
GEGenoa (Genova)GOGoriziaGRGrossetoIMImperiaISIsernia
KRCrotoneLCLeccoLELecceLILeghorn (Livorno)LOLodi
LTLatinaLULuccaMCMacerataMEMessinaMIMilan (Milano)
MNMantua (Mantova)MOModenaMSMassa-CarraraMTMateraNANaples (Napoli)
NONovaraNUNuoroOROristanoPAPalermoPCPiacenza
PDPadua (Padova)PEPescaraPGPerugiaPIPisaPNPordenone
POPratoPRParmaPTPistoiaPUPesaro-UrbinoPVPavia
PZPotenzaRARavennaRCReggio CalabriaREReggio EmiliaRGRagusa
RIRietiRNRiminiRORovigoRomaRome (Roma)SASalerno
SISienaSOSondrioSPLa SpeziaSRSyracuse (Siracusa)SSSassari
SVSavonaTATarantoTETeramoTNTrentoTOTurin (Torino)
TPTrapaniTRTerniTSTriesteTVTrevisoUDUdine
VAVareseVBVerbano-Cusio-OssolaVCVercelliVEVenice (Venezia)VIVicenza
VRVeronaVTViterboVVVibo Valentia

These abbreviations for the names of provinces are extensively used in contexts other than vehicle registration. For example, "Trino (VC)", to indicate a place called Trino in the province of Vercelli, could appear in a postal address or in a guide book. The abbreviations even count as valid words in Scarabeo, the Italian version of the board game Scrabble.

Sometimes, the code RM is used instead of Roma for the province of Rome, in postal addresses or documents.

List of abandoned provincial designators (post-1927)

AUApuaniaprovince renamed back to Massa-Carrara1939-1949
CGCastrogiovannicity renamed to Enna1927-1928
CUCuneocode changed to CN1927-1928
FMFiumecity no longer in Italy1930-1945
FUFiumecode changed to FM1927-1930
GIGirgenticity renamed to Agrigento1927-1928
PLPolacity no longer in Italy1927-1945
PUPerugiacode changed to PG1927-1933
ZAZaracity no longer in Italy1927-1945
PSPesaroProvince renamed to Pesaro and Urbino1927-1994
FOForlìProvince renamed to Forlì-Cesena (FC)1927-1994

List of provincial designators from 1905 to 1927

Notes

#Note|Note1927The use of alphabetical codes for number plates started in Italy on 28 February 1927, as prescribed by the Circolare del Ministero dei Lavori Pubblici n. 3361 (from R.D.I. 13.3.1927 n.314 and the law 29.12.1927 n.2730) which inaugurated a new highway code.

External links

* [http://www.targheitaliane.it/ Plates in Rome] provides detailed coverage of Italian number plates from 1903 onwards.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vehicle registration plates of Denmark — Registration plate for common registered vehicles (2009 design) …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicle registration plates of Monaco — Registration plate of Monaco Vehicle registration plates of Monaco are unusually small (a few centimetres smaller than an American license plate),[citation needed] and are composed of four numbers and/or letters. The plates are coloured blue font …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicle registration plates of Europe — A European vehicle registration plate is a vehicle registration plate, a metal or plastic plate or plates attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric code… …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicle registration plates of Norway — The registration number of cars in Norway is maintained by the Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications. As in most countries, cars are identified only by number plates read visually. The current alphanumerical system (two letters… …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicle registration plates of the United Kingdom — See also: Vehicle registration plate British number plates (1983 – 2001 numbering system), as observed in 2004 (last character of registration not shown); bottom plate lacks the EU band, which is not compulsory. Vehicle registration plates are… …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicle registration plates of the United States — License plates of the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia phonetically spelling the Preamble to the United States Constitution, displayed in the Smithsonian Institution. In the United States, license plates[1] are issued by an …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicle registration plates of Ireland — [ thumb|250px|Graphical example of pre 1987 standard rear Irish numberplate for County Dublin] Registration marks on Number plates in Ireland issued since 1987 have the format YY CC SSSSSS where the components are:* YY mdash; a 2 digit year (e.g …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicle registration plates of the Netherlands — A Dutch vehicle registration plate seen in 2007 Dutch vehicle registrations are issued by the national road traffic agency, the Rijksdienst voor het Wegverkeer (RDW). Vehicle registration plates are assigned bearing the same number (an index mark …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicle registration plates of the People's Republic of China — Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). Last character of registration is not shown. This is an example of a vehicle registered to a Chinese citizen or entity …   Wikipedia

  • Vehicle registration plates of Portugal — The Portuguese Car number plate system for automobiles and motorcycles is simple and sequential. Currently, the system has no link to geographical locations or similar. It is an incremental numbering system consisting of three groups of two… …   Wikipedia