- Australia–United Kingdom relations
Anglo-Australian relations are close, marked by shared history, culture, institutions and language, extensive people-to-people links, aligned security interests, and vibrant trade and investment cooperation.
The long-standing relationship between the
United Kingdomand Australiaformally began in 1901 when the six British Crown coloniesin Australia federated, and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed as a Dominionof the British Empire.
Australia fought alongside Britain in
World War I, notably at Gallipoli, and again in World War II. Andrew Fisher, Australian prime minister from 1914 to 1916, declared that Australia would defend the United Kingdom "to the last man and the last shilling."
Until 1949, the United Kingdom and Australia shared a common nationality code. The final constitutional ties between United Kingdom and Australia ended in 1986 with the passing of the
Australia Act 1986.
The contemporary political relationship between
Londonand Canberrais underpinned by a robust bilateral dialogue at head-of-government, ministerial and senior officials level. As Commonwealth Realms, the two countries share a monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, and are both active members within the Commonwealth of Nations. In 2006, British Prime Minister Tony Blairbecame, somewhat surprisingly, the first British head of government ever to address the Australian Parliament.
Formal economic relations between the two countries declined following the United Kingdom's accession to the
European Economic Communityin 1973. Nevertheless, the United Kingdom remains the second largest overall foreign investor in Australia. In turn, Australia is the seventh largest foreign direct investor in the United Kingdom.
Due to Australia's history as a colony of the United Kingdom, the two nations retain significant shared threads of cultural heritage, many of which are common to all
Anglospherecountries. English is the de-facto language of both nations, and as such the United Kingdom and Australia share not only the language itself, but the entire heritage of English literature, philosophy, poetry, and theatre. Both peoples are historically Christian, although increasingly secular and diverse in the modern era. Both legal systems are based on the common law.
Streams of migration from the
British Islesto Australia played a key role in Australia's development, and the people of Australia are still predominantly of British or Irish origin. According to the 2001 Australian Census, around 1.2 million Australians were born in the United Kingdom. Although the last substantial scheme for preferential migration from Britain to Australia ended in 1972, the United Kingdom remains the largest source of Australia's new migrants. There is a population of around 400,000 Australians in the UK, , especially in Greater London [cite web
title=Born Abroad – Australia
Australians in Britain
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Australia–United States relations — United States Australia relations refers to international relations between Australia and the United States of America. While Australia has traditionally been aligned with the Commonwealth of Nations, it has strengthened its relationship with the … Wikipedia
India–United Kingdom relations — United Kingdom – India relations United Kingdom … Wikipedia
Norway–United Kingdom relations — Norway United Kingdom relations United Kingdom … Wikipedia
China–United Kingdom relations — British Chinese relations China … Wikipedia
Malta–United Kingdom relations — British–Maltese relations United Kingdom … Wikipedia
Malaysia–United Kingdom relations — Malaysia – United Kingdom relations Malaysia … Wikipedia
Namibia–United Kingdom relations — Namibian United Kingdom relations Map indicating locations of Namibia and United Kingdom Namibia … Wikipedia
Denmark–United Kingdom relations — Danish British relations Denmark … Wikipedia
Nauru–United Kingdom relations — Nauru – United Kingdom relations Map indicating locations of Nauru and United Kingdom Nauru … Wikipedia
Netherlands–United Kingdom relations — The Netherlands and the United Kingdom are important partners both politically and economically. In February 1999, Tony Blair and Wim Kok agreed to intensify relations between the two countries. The United Kingdom and the Netherlands work… … Wikipedia