Laylat al-Qadr


Laylat al-Qadr
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Lailatul Qadr' (Arabic: لیلة القدر‎) (also known as Shab-e-Qadr), the Night of Destiny, Night of Power, Night of Value, the Night of Decree or Night of Measures, is the anniversary of two very important dates in Islam that occurred in the month of Ramadan. It is the anniversary of the night Muslims believe the first verses of the Qur'an were revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Contents

Revelation to Prophet Muhammad

Lailatul Qadr' is the night that the Qur'an was revealed. Muslims believe that revelation of the Qur'an occurred in two phases, with the first phase being the revelation in its entirety on Lailatul Qadr' to Gabriel in the lowest heaven, and then the subsequent verse-by-verse revelation to Prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel (Jibril in Arabic). The revelation started in 610 CE at the Hira cave on Mount Nur in Mecca.The first Surah that was revealed was Surah Al-Alaq. Iqra means read the prophet was told to read by the angel Gabriel. Muslims should do as much worship they can on this night.

Sunnah

Muslims often pray extra prayers on this day, particularly the night prayer. They awake, pray, and hope God will give them anything they may desire on this night. Mostly, they perform tilawat (reading the Qur'an).

Those who can afford to devote their time in the remembrance of God stay in the mosque for the final ten days of Ramzan. This worship is called Iʿtikāf (retreat). They observe fast during the day and occupy themselves with the remembrance of God, performing voluntary prayers and studying the Qur'an, day and night, apart from the obligatory prayers which they perform with the congregation. Food and other necessities of life are provided for them during their stay in the mosque. Devoting time to remember God, Muslims also hope to receive divine favors and blessings connected with the blessed night (lailatul qadr')

Date

Sunni Islam

Laylat al-Qadr is to be found in the last five odd nights of the 3rd decade of Ramadan. There is no history in the Qur'an as to when the specific date is.[1][2]Therefore in the Sunni communities of all the Islamic countries, the Laylat al-Qadar is found to be on the last nights of ramzan. Mostly it is on one of the odd nights, i.e., 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th night. And most probably {{Night of 27 ramzan}} it falls on the 27th night of ramzan. It is the night when Quraan was revealed (as a whole on the 4th sky) and then was revealed piecemeal to Muhammad in 23 years, 13 years in Makkah and 10 years in Madina

Shia Islam

Similarly Lailatul Qadr' is to be found in the last ten odd nights of ramzan but mostly on the 19th or 21st or 23rd night of Ramadhan. The 19th, according to the Shia belief coincides with the night Ali was attacked in the Mihrab while worshipping in the Great Mosque of Kufa, and died on the 21st of Ramadhan. Shia muslims worship and regard these three nights of great reward and worship but to be the night the Quran was revealed to angel Jibreel is 23rd of ramzan.

Qadr is most commonly translated into English as power, or wisdom, but there is no direct equivalent word in English.[citation needed]

Qadr can be translated into English as Probability. In Urdu it is called Andaza the night where the probabilities of the universe are adjusted. Similar to the expansion and contraction of universe.

Religious importance

Quran

We have indeed revealed this (Message) in the Night of Power:
And what will explain to thee what the night of power is?
The Night of Power is better than a thousand months.
Therein come down the angels and the Spirit by Allah's permission, on every errand:
Peace!...This until the rise of dawn!
Sura 97 (Al-Qadr), āyāt 1-5[3]

The verses above regard the Night as better than one thousand months. The whole month of Ramazan is a period of spiritual training wherein believers devote much of their time to fasting, praying, reciting the Qur'an, remembering God, and giving charity. However because of the revealed importance of this night, Muslims strive [give more effort] harder in the last ten days of Ramazan since the Laylat al-Qadr could be one of the odd-numbered days in these last ten (the first, third, fifth, seventh or ninth). Normally, some Muslims from each community perform an Iʿtikāf in the mosque: they remain in the mosque for the last ten days of the month for prayers and recitation.

See also

References

  1. ^ Islam and state in Sumatra: a study of seventeenth-century Aceh. p.128.
  2. ^ Marjo Buitelaar. Fasting and feasting in Morocco: women's participation in ramzan. p.64
  3. ^ Quran 97:1–5

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Al-Qadr (sura) — Infobox Sura Name of Surah=Al Qadr Arabic name=سورة القدر Screenshot of Surah= Caption= Classification=Makkan Meaning of the name=Power Other names= Time of revelation= Sura number=97 Number of verses=5 Juz number=30 Hizb number= Number of… …   Wikipedia

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