- LGV Nord
The LGV Nord is a French 333 km-long
high speed railline that connects Paristo the Belgian border and the Channel Tunnelvia Lille; it opened in 1993.
With a maximum speed of 300 km/h, the line has appreciably shortened rail journeys between Paris and Lille. Its extensions to the north (
Belgium, the Channel Tunnel) and the south (via the LGV Interconnexion Est) have reduced journey times to Great Britainand Beneluxand for inter-regional trips between the Nord (Pas de Calais) region and the southeast and southwest of France.
Its route is twinned with the A1 for 130 km. As it is mostly built in flat areas, the maximum incline is 25 meters per kilometer.
Of all French high-speed lines the LGV Nord without a doubt sees the widest variety of high-speed rolling stock: the
TGV Sud-Est, TGV Réseau, TGV Atlantique, TGV Duplex, Eurostar, Thalys PBAand PBKA as well as the local trains. Traffic is controlled by the Lille rail traffic centre.
The LGV Nord begins at
Arnouville-lès-Gonesse, 16.6 km from the Gare du Nordon the Paris- Creilline. At Vémars, the LGV Interconnexion Estjoins it via a triangular junction, leading to Charles de Gaulle Airport and Marne-la-Vallée-Chessy; this enables direct trains from Londonand Amsterdamto Disneyland Paris.
Ablaincourt-Pressoir( Somme), a new station, Haute-Picardie, is served only by inter-regional TGVs. At Croisilles ( Pas-de-Calais), a junction leads to the Agny link towards Arras. The LGV crosses the A1 autorouteat Seclin(Nord).
Fretin, a triangular junction links the LGV to the Lille- Brussels HSL 1high-speed line eastwards, crossing the border at Wannehainand joining the conventional network at Lembeek, south of Brussels. After the Fretin junction, the LGV has a connection to the conventional network at Lezennes, near Lille. This junction is used for TGVs going to Lille-Flandres. All TGVs and some Eurostars stop at Lille-Europe. The non-stop Eurostars pass trough the tunnel under the city off Lille at 200 km/h.
The line passes south of
Armentièresand north of Hazebrouck. At Cassel, a link provides a connection with Dunkirk. The LGV continues west, crossing the A26 autorouteat Zouafques and ends at Calais-Fréthun, at the Eurotunnelterminal. This enables TGV service to Calaisand Eurostars through the Channel Tunnelto London. The TGVs continue to Calais-Villeor reverse and go on to Boulogne.
* The route was much criticised, particularly by those in the
Picardieregion. The LGV crosses the region without a stop; Amiensin particular would have liked to have been on the line. The government judged a route via Amiens to be impracticable, as the Lille route demanded a straight line between Paris and Lille in order to give a reasonable Paris-Lille-London journey time. The LGV Picardieproject would address this issue by serving Amiens, and would reduce the Paris-London journey time to less than 2 hours.
1 Haute-Picardie station has been nicknamed "Gare des Betteraves" or "Beetroot Station," since it is located in the middle of nowhere and only accessible by good road connections.
Amienswanted a station closer to the town centre, stopping at Gare d'Amiens.
² Arras station is located on a branch of the LGV Nord that splits off after Haute-Picardie station.
29 September 1989: declaration of public utility
2 September 1991: commencement of tracklaying
9 September 1992: catenary in service
20 October 1992: first trials with TGV Atlantiquetrainset 301
23 May 1993: service commences between Paris and Arras
21 December 1993: TGV 7150 from Valenciennes to Paris, operated by set 511, derailed at 300 km/h (186 mph) at the site of TGV Haute Picardie station (before it was built). Rain had caused a hole to open up under the track; the hole dated from the First World War but had not been detected during construction. The front power car and the front four carriages derailed, but remained aligned with the track. Out of the 200 passengers, one was slightly injured.
* The line was designed to facilitate European connections. The foreseen opening of the
Channel Tunnelmade it a project of the utmost urgency, leading to an acceleration of work. It opened in 1993, a year before the tunnel, from Arnouville to Fréthun; the Belgian section followed in 1997.
Lyon-Lille connection by TGV began in 1984, using conventional lines between the Ile-de-Franceand Lille.
"Journey times and daily train frequency":
* Paris-Lens 1:05/7
* Paris-Boulogne 1:57/1
* Paris-Liège 2:13/8
High Speed 1
* [http://lgv2030.free.fr/ligne1.htm#Nord Information on LGVs]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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LGV Nord — LGV Nord: Paris–Calais Eurostar auf dem Viaduc de la Haute Colme … Deutsch Wikipedia
LGV Nord — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda LGV Nord Leyenda … Wikipedia Español
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LGV EST — européenne LGV Est Européenne (LN6) Ligne de (Paris) Vaires à Vendenheim (Strasbourg) Carte de la ligne … Wikipédia en Français
LGV Est — européenne LGV Est Européenne (LN6) Ligne de (Paris) Vaires à Vendenheim (Strasbourg) Carte de la ligne … Wikipédia en Français
LGV Est Européenne — (LN6) Ligne de (Paris) Vaires à Vendenheim (Strasbourg) Carte de la ligne … Wikipédia en Français
LGV Est europeenne — LGV Est européenne LGV Est Européenne (LN6) Ligne de (Paris) Vaires à Vendenheim (Strasbourg) Carte de la ligne … Wikipédia en Français