Cass County, Missouri


Cass County, Missouri

Infobox U.S. County
county = Cass County
state = Missouri


founded year = 1835
seat wl = Harrisonville
area_total_sq_mi =703
area_land_sq_mi =699
area_water_sq_mi =4
area percentage = 0.52%
census yr = 2007
pop = 97133
density_km2 =53.3
web = www.casscounty.com|

Cass County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of 2000, the population was 82,092. Its county seat is HarrisonvilleGR|6. The county was organized in 1835 as Van Buren County, renamed in 1848 after Michigan U.S. Senator and presidential candidate Lewis Cass.

Cass is part of the Kansas City Metropolitan Area

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 703 square miles (1,820 km²). 699 square miles (1,810 km²) of it is land and 4 square miles (10 km²) of it (0.52%) is water.

Adjacent counties

*Jackson County (north)
*Johnson County (east)
*Henry County (southeast)
*Bates County (south)
*Miami County, Kansas (west)
*Johnson County, Kansas (northwest)

Major highways

*U.S. Route 71
*Route 2
*Route 7
*Route 58
*Route 291

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 82,092 people, 30,168 households, and 22,988 families residing in the county. The population density was 117 people per square mile (45/km²). There were 31,677 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.62% White, 1.42% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 2.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. (See also Race (United States Census))There were 30,168 households out of which 38.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.80% were non-families. 20.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,562, and the median income for a family was $55,258. Males had a median income of $39,001 versus $26,174 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,073. About 4.20% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 5.20% of those age 65 or over.

History

The Harrisonville area was originally inhabited by the "Dhegilha" Indians subgroup. Being of Siouan linguistic stock, the Osage, Quapaw, Omaha, Ponca and Kansa tribes comprise this subgroup.

The Kansa tribal range extended southward from the Kansas-Missouri River junction as far as the northern edge of Bates County, Missouri, taking in the sites of modern Pleasant Hill, Garden City, Archie and Drexel. On their southeastern border they were neighbors of the Osage, although there is no evidence that either of these tribes ever had a truly permanent settlement in the territory of Cass County.

At early camp meetings southwest of Harrisonville after the white man came, as many as five hundred Indians were often in attendance and seemed to enjoy religious services as much as the whitesFact|date=February 2007, with whom they mingled on such occasions. These Indians were reportedly Shawnees and Delawares, both of Algonquian linguistic stock.

In 1818 a grant of land in southern Missouri was made to some Delawares, but it was re-ceded by them in 1825, and most of them moved to a reservation in Kansas, while others had previously gone to Texas. Those who remained in the Harrisonville area were close relatives of the Sauk, Fox and Kickapoo tribes.

The first white settler on the site of modern Harrisonville was James Lackey, in 1830. Others early settlers were Humphrey Hunt, John Blythe and Dr. Joseph Hudspeth. Lackey was considered a "squatter", as he built a cabin and enclosed a small field on the tract of public land taken for county seat purposes.

Site of the town was fixed under an act of the Missouri General Assembly in 1835, by David Waldo of Lafayette County and Samual Hink and William Brown, both of Jackson County. In the same year, the first court met for the county, known as Van Buren County. The Justices James McClellan and William Savage, met in McClellan's residence about three miles (5 km) southeast of Peculiar on September 14, 1835. William Lyon was appointed clerk of the court and county government was organized , included the setting up of Grand River Township.

In the spring of 1837 the town of Harrisonville was located by Enoch Rice, Francis Prine and Welcome Scott, who had been appointed commissioners by the state legislature in the winter of 1836. These commissioners in company with Matin Rice, the county surveyor, met at the home of John Cook on April 3, 1837 and finally decided on Lackey's pre-emption claim. In May they laid off the town in lots 3, 4, 5 and 6 of the northeast and northwest quarters of Section 4, Township 44N., Range 31W. Within these convert|160|acre|km2 there were to be four streets: Wall and Pearl running east to west, Lexington and Independence going north and south, each less than forty feet wide. Fleming Harris was appointed as town commissioner on April 8, 1837. The first town lots were sold on June 12 of that year; those facing the public square sold at $20 each, the others at $10.

"Democrat" was strongly urged as a name for the new town but was finally rejected. Instead, the town was named after Albert G. Harrison, a U.S. representative from Missouri.

On October 8, 1835 the first Harrisonville church was organized in the county two miles southwest of town known as Hopewell or New Hope Baptist.

The first house within the town was erected by Jason L. Dickey in 1836.

The first jail in Harrisonville and second for the county was established in 1838. Its site was 312 S. Independence. One of its successors is listed among the state's historic sites.

Harrisonville eventually was served by railroad lines presently known as the Missouri Pacific and the Frisco. Railroad construction was responsible for the notorious "Gunn City Massacre", the background of which began in 1857. Cass County approved a large stock subscription for the Pacific Railroad Company. This corporation later surrendered the bonds to the new Saint Louis and Santa Fe Railroad, from whence they were still later assigned to the Land Grant Railroad & Construction Company of New York. Citizens of Cass County sought by injunction to prevent the funding of these bonds, but by legal maneuvering and collusion, a new set of bonds was issued secretly. Basically the outraged populace viewed this development as a sophisticated maneuver to benefit the holders of bonds that had become worthless by re-obligating the county to pay those same bonds. Three men who helped to perpetrate this swindle, including the county attorney and a judge of the county court, were shot and killed on April 24, 1872 while on board a Katy railroad spur between Bryson, Missouri and Paola, Kansas (in or near what is now known as Gunn City). Forty-one men were arrested and brought to trial for these killings, but there were no convictions. At the time of the shootings, a Republican newspaper, belonging to Mr. Porter J. Coston, in Harrisonville, Missouri, was burned by the same mob. ["Nome and Seward: History, Biography, Descriptions, and Stories," by E.S. Harrison, [http://books.google.com/books?id=yUcOAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA337&lpg=PA337&dq=gunn+city+massacre&source=web&ots=DJcc6NGUsM&sig=oqlu_6G-D3uCDtWP6cEG7m9ZC5c Google Digitized Books] , (p. 337)] [O'Flaherty, Daniel C. "General Jo Shelby:Undefeated Rebel," (University of North Carolina Press) 1954; ISBN 0-8078-4878-6; republished, 2000.]

The year before the Civil War, twelve cities in Missouri had population of approx. 2500 or more. Harrisonville ranked 37th with a population of 675. In 1863 the town was depopulated, and most of the buildings burned, the jail among them . Fort Harrisonville was a Union stronghold for a brief period in 1863 and provided protection for loyal Union families.

Cities and towns

References

DREXEL

External links

* [http://www.casscounty.com Cass County government link's website] ----


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cass County (Missouri) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Missouri Verwaltungssitz: Harrisonville Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse 102 East Wall Street Harrisonville, MO 64701 2478 Gründung: 3. März 1835 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Cass County Courthouse — ist die Bezeichnung mehrerer Courthouses in den Vereinigten Staaten: Cass County Courthouse (Illinois) Cass County Courthouse (Indiana) Cass County Courthouse (Iowa), NRHP Nr. 03000819 Cass County Courthouse (Michigan) Cass County Courthouse… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cass County (Iowa) — Das Cass County Courthouse in Atlantic, seit 2003 im NRHP gelistet[1] Verwaltung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cass County (Nebraska) — Das Cass County Courthouse in Plattsmouth, gelistet im NRHP Nr. 89002248[1] Verwaltung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cass County — Comté de Cass Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cass.  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents comtés partageant un même nom. Neuf comtés des États Unis portent le nom de comté de Cass (Cass County) : Comté de Cass …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jackson County, Missouri — Location in the state of Missouri …   Wikipedia

  • Jackson County (Missouri) — Das Jackson County Courthouse im Kansas City Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Missouri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Douglas County, Missouri — Location in the state of Missouri …   Wikipedia


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