- Papal Mass
A Papal Mass is the Solemn
Pontifical High Masswhen celebrated by the Pope.
There are numerous special ceremonials which are particular to the pope. A Solemn Papal Mass would be celebrated on solemn occasions such as a
Papal Coronation, an " ex cathedra" pronouncement, the canonizationof a saint, or a major feast such as Easteror Christmas.
In the papal Mass a
cardinal-bishopacts as assistant priest; this honor falls on the most solemn occasions to the Cardinal-bishop of Ostia, who is the Dean of the College of Cardinals. Cardinal-deacons are assistant deacons and deacon of the Mass, an auditorof the Sacra Rotaserves as subdeacon. There are also a Greek-Catholicdeacon and subdeacon, vested according to the Byzantine Rite. The other offices are filled by the assistants to the pontifical throne, the members of the prelatical colleges, etc.
Before the beginning of the ceremony, the pope is vested in the
falda(a particular papal vestment which forms a long skirt extending beneath the hem of the alb), amice, alb, cincture, pectoral cross, stole, and a very long copeknown as the " mantum" (or "papal mantle"). Finally, the papal tiarais placed on his head.
The pope's solemn entry into
St. Peter's Basilicais accompanied by a fanfareof silver trumpets. The entrance processionis headed by the cardinals, bishops, prelates, and those who compose the pontifical capella, vest according to their rank and in their prescribed order of precedence. A thuriferand seven acolytes accompany the cross-bearer, and the apostolic subdeacon carries the Gospel Book. At the end of the procession the pope is carried into the basilica on the " sedia gestatoria" and with the two " flabella" borne on either side. He is accompanied by an entourage which includes the Swiss Guards in their colorful uniforms and members of the Roman nobility in formal court dress. At times, a canopyis carried above his head. Two protonotaries apostolic raise the front of the falda as the pope walks to and from the sedia, and two papal chamberlains carry the train. The dean of the Rota carries the jewelled mitre(the "mitra pretiosa"), and finally two patriarchs or archbishops carry the book and bugia(hand-candle) respectively.
The pope is received at the door by the
cardinal-priestand the Canons of St. Peter's. He then kneels briefly, leaning on a faldstool, to adore the Blessed Sacrament. Fittingly, this often takes place at the [http://dappledphotos.blogspot.com/2005/09/miraculous-mass-of-st-gregory-great.html St. Gregory's Altar] in St. Peter's. He then goes to the small throne for the chanting of Terce, during which he receives the obedienceof the cardinals, bishops, and abbots. While the psalmsof Terce are being chanted, he reads the prayers of preparation for Mass, during which his buskinsand papal slippersare put on. He then sings the prayer of Terce.
After Terce, his outer vestments are removed as far as the
cincture, and the pope washed his hands, and puts on the following vestments, assisted by the deacon:
fanon—a Mass vestment worn only by the pope during Solemn High Mass. It resembles a shoulder cape with alternating stripes of silver and gold. It is worn over the chasuble and under the pallium
episcopal ring(He does not use the crosieror the bugia at this point). He then gives the kiss of peace to the last three of the cardinal-priests.
The Mass proceedes according to the order of a Solemn Pontifical High Mass with the following differences:
Confiteor, the cardinal bishop stands to the right of the pope, the cardinal deacon to the left, with the other ministers behind. The pope then puts on the maniple. The Pope wears a special maniple intertwined with red and gold threads, symbolizing the unity of the Eastern and Western rites of the Catholic Church. After the first censing, the cardinal deacons kisses the pope on cheek and breast, and the Pontiff retires to the thronebefore the Chair of Saint Peterin the apse.
The senior deacon, who wears a mitre, sits on a
faldstoolbefore the altar and facing the throne; the apostolic subdeacon, together with the Greek ministers, sits on the steps of the altar; while the assistant bishop and the two assistant deacons remain near the throne.
Epistleis sung first in Latin by the apostolic subdeacon and then in Greek by the Eastern Ritesubdeacon, following the ritual of the Greek Church. After the Epistles, the two subdeacons go together and kisse the feet of the pope. Likewise the Gospel is chanted first in Latin by the cardinal-deacon and then in Greek by the Eastern Rite deacon. The Latin Gospel is accompanied by seven candles, the Greek Gospel is accompanied by two. After the Gospels both Gospel Books are brought to the pope, who kisses both of them.
While elevating the Host and the chalice the pope turns in a half circle towards the Epistle and Gospel sides, respectively, as the "Silveri Symphony" was played on the trumpets of the Noble Guard (an honorary unit which was abolished in 1970). Eight prelates hold torches for the elevation, but no
sanctus bellis used at any time in a Papal Mass.
It is customary for some of the bread and wine used at the Mass to be consumed, as a precaution against poison or invalid matter, by the
sacristanand the cup-bearerin the presence of the pope, first at the offertoryand again before the " Pater noster" in a short ceremony called the "praegustatio". [), the pope goes to the "sedia gestatoria", put on the tiara, and return in procession as he had entered.
The full ceremonial detailed above has not been used since early in the pontificate of
Pope Paul VI. In fact, many of the offices of the Papal Courtrequired for the celebration of the Papal Mass were abolished by Paul VI later in his pontificate.
Paul VI ceased using the
papal tiarasoon after his coronation. He discontinued the use of many traditional features of papal dress, including the papal slippersand pontifical gloves. He did however carry a distinctive form papal cross, which was used throughout the pontificate of John Paul II.
There were occasions when
Pope John Paul IIwould wear the fanonwhile celebrating Mass. The custom of having an Eastern Rite deacon read the Gospel continues on important occasions.
Some of those usages discontinued by Paul VI have been resurrected by
Pope Benedict XVI. Prior to his inauguration in 2005, Pope Benedict had a special wider and longer palliumfashioned—similar to an Eastern omophorion—which is worn at liturgical functions only by the pope.
The modern papal Mass tends to emphasize less the person of the pope, and more the universality of his ministry. Whereas in the older papal Mass, only the pope, the deacon, and the subdeacon would receive Holy Communion, in modern Masses, many communicants receive, the pope himself administering Communion to some of them.
In recent decades, the more important papal Masses have taken place outdoors in
Saint Peter's Squareor in outdoor stadiums. These Masses tend to point out the universality of the Roman Catholic faith, with participants from many lands and portions of the Mass done in different languages. The Midnight Masson Christmas Evenormally takes place inside St. Peter's Basilica and is telecastthroughout the world.
* [http://www.vatican.va/news_services/liturgy/2004/documents/ns_lit_doc_20040202_liturgia-bellezza_en.html#fnref1 Liturgy and Beauty: Experiences of renewal in certain Papal Liturgical Celebrations] by Archbishop
Piero Marini, Master of Papal Liturgical Celebrations
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
papal Mass — Папская месса … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
Papal conclave, 2005 — Papal conclave, April 2005 Dates 18–19 April 2005 Location Sistine Chapel, Apostolic Palace, Vatican City Dean … Wikipedia
Mass — Pontifical Mass † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pontifical Mass Pontifical Mass is the solemn Mass celebrated by a bishop with the ceremonies prescribed in the Cæremoniale Episcoporum , I and II. The full ceremonial is carried out when the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Papal Coronation — Coronation of Pope Celestine V, the only pope to be crowned twice. A papal coronation was the ceremony of the placing of the Papal Tiara on a newly elected pope. The first recorded papal coronation was that of Pope Celestine II in 1143 … Wikipedia
Papal Tiara — The Papal Tiara, also known as the Triple Tiara, or in Latin as the Triregnum , and in Italian as the Triregno , is the three tiered jewelled papal crown, supposedly of Byzantine and Persian origin, that is a prominent symbol of the papacy. The… … Wikipedia
Papal regalia and insignia — The crossed keys symbolise the keys of Simon Peter. The keys are gold and silver to represent the power of loosing and binding. The triple crown (the tiara) represents the pope s three functions as supreme pastor , supreme teacher and supreme… … Wikipedia
Mass (liturgy) — A 15th century Mass … Wikipedia
Mass (music) — The Mass, a form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the invariable portions of the Eucharistic liturgy (principally that of the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and the Lutheran Church) to music. Most Masses… … Wikipedia
Mass of Paul VI — This article is about the post Vatican II changes to the Mass; for an explanation of the current structure of the Mass, see Mass (liturgy). The Mass of Pope Paul VI is the liturgy of the Catholic Mass of the Roman Rite promulgated by Paul VI in… … Wikipedia
Mass of the Catechumens — The Mass (or Liturgy) of the Catechumens is an ancient title for the first half of the Roman Catholic or Eastern Orthodox worship service known as the Mass or Divine Liturgy. This part of the Mass is now referred to by the Catholic Church as the… … Wikipedia