A saeculum is a length of time roughly equal to the potential lifetime of a person or the equivalent of the complete renewal of a human population. The term was first used by the Etruscans. Originally it meant the period of time from the moment that something happened (for example the founding of a city) until the point in time that all people who had lived at the first moment had died. At that point a new saeculum would start. According to legend, the gods had allotted a certain number of saecula to every people or civilization; the Etruscans themselves, for example, had been given ten saecula.

By the second century BC, Roman historians were using the saeculum to periodize their chronicles and track wars.At the time of the reign of emperor Augustus, the Romans decided that a saeculum was 110 years. In 17 BC Caesar Augustus organised Ludi saeculares ('century-games') for the first time to celebrate the 'fifth saeculum of Rome'. Later emperors like Claudius and Septimius Severus have celebrated the passing of saecula with games at irregular intervals. In 248, Philip the Arab combined Ludi saeculares with the 1000th anniversary of the founding of Rome 'ab urbe condita'. The new millennium that Rome entered was called the "Saeculum Novum",fact|date=January 2008 a term that got a metaphysical connotation in Christianity, referring to the worldy age (hence 'secular').fact|date=January 2008

A saeculum isn't normally used for a fixed amount of time, in common usage it stands for about 90 years. It can be divided into four "seasons" of approximately 22 years each; these seasons represent youth, rising adulthood, midlife, and old age.

ee also

*Social cycle theory

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См. также в других словарях:

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  • Saeculum — bezeichnet: ein Jahrhundert eine Feier zum hundertjährigen Bestehen oder zur 100. Wiederkehr eines Tages, siehe Zentenarium (Hundertjahrfeier) eine in der Antike alle 100 bzw. 110 Jahre stattfindenden Feier, siehe Säkularfeier (Antike) eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saecŭlum — (lat.), 1) bei den Etruskern Bestimmung für die längere Periode, welche ein Menschenleben umfaßte, u. zwar eines Menschen, der von allen beim Beginn des S. Geborenen am längsten gelebt; mit seinem Tode schloß sich das S. Um aber den Menschen den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Saecŭlum — Saecŭlum, s. Säkulum …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saeculum — Saeculum, lat., ein volles Menschenleben, ein Jahrhundert; im mittelalterlichen Latein das Weltliche, die Welt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • saeculum — saec·u·lum …   English syllables

  • saeculum —   n. (pl. la) generation ; age; aeon …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • saeculum — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Saeculum obscurum — (Latin: the dark age) is a name given to a period in the history of the Papacy during the first half of the 10th century, beginning with the installation of Pope Sergius III in 904 and lasting for sixty years until the death of Pope John XII in… …   Wikipedia

  • Saeculum obscurum — (Latein: dunkles Jahrhundert) bezeichnet den Zeitraum der Papstgeschichte beginnend vom Mord an Papst Johannes VIII. 882 bis zur Absetzung dreier konkurrierender Päpste 1046. Der Begriff wurde von Cesare Baronio (1538 1607) geprägt. In dieser… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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