In personam


In personam

"In personam" (in purr-soh-nam) from Latin for "directed toward a particular person." In a lawsuit in which the case is against a specific individual, that person must be served with a summons and complaint to give the court jurisdiction to try the case, and the judgment applies to that person and is called an "in personam judgment." In personam is distinguished from "in rem", which applies to property or "all the world" instead of a specific person. This technical distinction is important to determine where to file a lawsuit and how to serve a defendant. "In personam" means that a judgment can be enforceable against the person wherever he/she is. On the other hand, if the lawsuit is to determine title to property ("in rem") then the action must be filed where the property exists and is only enforceable there.

ee also

*personal jurisdiction
*quasi in rem
*in rem


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • personam — See in personam; in personam action …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • personam — /pɜˈsoʊnəm/ (say per sohnuhm) See in personam …   Australian English dictionary

  • in personam — in per·so·nam /ˌin pər sō nəm/ adv or adj [Latin, against a person]: against a person for the purpose of imposing a liability or obligation to do or not do something an action in personam an in personam suit see also in personam jurisdiction at …   Law dictionary

  • Argumentum ad personam — Das Argumentum ad hominem (lateinisch „auf den Menschen gerichteter Beweis“) wird allgemein als Argument definiert, das die Person oder deren Umstände angreift anstatt des dargebrachten Arguments. Dies geschieht meistens in der Absicht, das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Actio in personam — Die actio in personam ist ein Rechtsinstitut des römischen Privatrechts. Die actio in personam wendet sich als Leistungsklage gegen einen Verpflichteten und macht eine obligatorische Forderung geltend. Nach römisch rechtlichem Verständnis, das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ad personam — Argumentum ad hominem L argument ad hominem ou argumentum ad hominem est une locution latine qui désigne le fait de confondre un adversaire en lui opposant ses propres paroles ou ses propres actes[1]. Il sert fréquemment à discréditer des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Argumentum ad personam — L argumentum ad personam désigne une attaque personnelle sans rapport avec le fond du débat portée par l une des partie à la partie adverse. Dans son opuscule L art d avoir toujours raison, le philosophe allemand Arthur Schopenhauer recense cette …   Wikipédia en Français

  • in personam jurisdiction — see jurisdiction Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. in personam jurisdiction …   Law dictionary

  • jurisdiction in personam — Power which a court has over the defendant s person and which is required before a court can enter a personal or in personam judgment. Pennoyer v. Neff, 95 U.S. 714, 24 L.Ed. 565. It may be acquired by an act of the defendant within a… …   Black's law dictionary

  • jurisdiction in personam — Power which a court has over the defendant s person and which is required before a court can enter a personal or in personam judgment. Pennoyer v. Neff, 95 U.S. 714, 24 L.Ed. 565. It may be acquired by an act of the defendant within a… …   Black's law dictionary