Preparatory Committee for Philippine Independence


Preparatory Committee for Philippine Independence

The Preparatory Committee for Philippine Independence or the PCPI was the drafting body of the 1943 Philippine Constitution which was signed and unanimously approved on September 4, 1943 by its members and was then ratified by a popular convention of the KALIBAPI in Manila on September 7, 1943.

Background

In mid-1942, Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo had promised the Filipinos "the honor of independence" which meant that the commission would be supplanted by a formal republic.

The PCPI was composed of 20 prominent Filipinos mostly pre-war legislators. But many Filipinos, ridiculed the PCPI's meaning, for them it was "Please Cancel Philippine Independence"'

The PCPI tasked with drafting a new constitution was composed in large part, of members of the prewar National Assembly and of individuals with experience as delegates to the convention that had drafted the 1935 Philippine Constitution. Their draft for the republic to be established under the Japanese Occupation, however, would be limited in duration, provide for indirect, instead of direct, legislative elections, and an even stronger executive branch.

Leadership

President of the PCPI

*Jose P. Laurel

Members

* Benigno Aquino, Sr.
* Jorge B. Vargas
* Antonio de las Alas
* Claro M. Recto
* Quintin Paredes
* Jose Yulo
* Vicente Madrigal
* Manuel Roxas
* Sa Ramain (Alauya Alonto)
* Emiliano Tria Tirona
* Melecio Arranz
* Camilo Osias
* Rafael Alunan
* Pedro Sabido
* Teofilo Sison
* Manuel C. Briones

Drafting

ee also

*Congress of the Philippines
*Senate of the Philippines
*House of Representatives of the Philippines

External links

*cite web
url = http://www.senate.gov.ph/about/history.asp
title = History of the Senate
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*cite web
url = http://www.lawphil.net
title = The LAWPH"i'L Project - Philippine Laws and Jurispudance Databank
accessdate = 2006-09-16
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Further reading

*Philippine House of Representatives Congressional Library
*cite book
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*cite book
last = Pobre
first = Cesar P.
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title = Philippine Legislature 100 Years
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