- BancNet Payment System
Infobox Interbank Network
name = BancNet
Philippinesand Chinathrough China UnionPay
foundation = 1994
members = 40 banks
pos = Over 8,000The
BancNet(BN) Point-Of-Sale System is a local PIN-based electronic funds transfer(EFTPOS) payments solution operated by BancNet on behalf of the member banks and China UnionPay(CUP). The BN POS System allows merchants to accept the ATM cards of any active BancNet member bank as payment for goods or services and obliges BN to settle the transaction as early as the following banking day through a direct deposit to a settlement account with any member bank. Acceptance of CUP cards is presently limited to SM Prime Holdings, Inc.'s Department Store, Supermarket, Hypermarket, Super Sale, Watson's, Sports Central, SM Appliance, Toy Kingdom, and select Surplus Stores.
The service has two major components: the infrastructure and the support services. BancNet deploys credit authorization terminals with requisite supplies, provides store signage (or
point of sale display), maintains toll freeconnections for provincial merchants ( PLDT, Innove ( Globe Telecom) and Digitel) and performs actual transactions settlement (finance)(through the BN depository bank). To support the installations, BN provides maintenance, cashier orientation, and a 24 x 7 merchant helpdeskservices, as well as daily electronic data processing, like transactions reporting and reconciliation.
In each accredited retail location, a terminal is installed. The terminal also connects to the member banks through the BancNet switch using the public phone system.
The operation is rudimentary: the cashier swipes a customer's ATM card on the terminal and keys in payment amount. The cardholder then selects his bank account and keys in the ATM
Personal identification number(PIN). If the requested amount is successfully debited from the customer's account, receipts will be printed for both the customer and retailer.
BancNet does not charge rental or membership fees for retail merchants; instead, it charges
interchange feesor a merchant discount rate for every successful debit transaction coursed through its system. Currently, BancNet's average merchant rate is about 1.0% net, while the average Visa/MasterCard credit and signature debit card merchant rate is about 2.5%, exclusive of the 1/2 of 1% creditable withholding tax. Some merchant sectors, such as food wholesalers and gasoline stations, have special reduced rates to accommodate business needs and profit margins.
The service was first made available in 1994 with the Robinsons Galleria Supermarket as the first merchant. Given this was the second payment service enabled by BN (with
Bill (payment)on the ATM launched the year before), the brand BancNet Payment System (BPS) was coined at around the same time. It was decided in 2006 to do away with the independent brand given that the name BancNet has since developed a market cachet. In this way, the new marketing taglineof Pay Bills.Buy Things.Transfer Funds. supplements the official corporate identifier of Non-Stop Banking Network on marketing materiel.
The primary reason for the launch of the service was to become the terminal provider of the credit card operations of the member banks. At the time, Phil Commercial & International Bank (PCIB) -
Bankard, Citibank, Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation, and Unicard ( Metrobank) were major issuers of both branded and proprietary credit cards. The heady days of the early 90's saw a dramatic increase in credit card issuance and the member banks needed a way to expand without expending much capital. The model of shared ATM operations was then applied to the POS. Debitwas treated as a pleasant side-effect of the terminal operations.
The member banks saw an opportunity to expand even faster in 2000 when talks for a broader-based consortium were started. The objective was ostensibly to compete against what was then seen as the hegemony of Equitable Card Network, Inc. (ECNI) in terminal operations. Negotiations went far enough that BN invested in office space in 139 Corporate Center. The consortium arrangement fell through in 2003 when foreign issuers backed out.
BN developed a better appreciation for the potential of debit especially at the turn of the new century. Growth has averaged 68% since launch, peaking at 71% between 2000 and 2001. A marketing/business development organization was created in 2002, with a product manager coming on board in 2003.
The BN Bills Payment facility has been extended on the POS since late 2007. To-date, forty six of the more than seventy billers available on the ATM are also on the POS channel. This is currently in use for member banks but BN may offer terminals to biller partners and merchants as their in-house collection service.
Cash withdrawal on the POS was launched in early 2008. The BN POS terminal may now be used to authorize cash withdrawals at key merchants like M. Lhuillier, a local pawnshop with over 1,000 locations nationwide. Cardholders will be charged P10.00 for every withdrawal; the merchant-partner may also impose an additional "convenience fee" for the transaction.
It is easy to generalize that BancNet,
ExpressnetEPS, and MegalinkFastlink are direct competitors. In reality though there is very little overlap in their respective constituencies given that 50% to 60% of all ATM cards issued in the country are for payroll. Cash is the true competition of electronic payment systems. According to a study by Intuition, commissioned by VISAAsia-Pacific, cash still accounts for 80% of all transactions in the region. This is in contrast to the situation in the United Stateswhere debit transactions outnumber cash purchases with the former accounting for 35% of total buy.
BancNet signed a Memorandum of Agreement with both
Banco de Oro(a member bank of both Expressnet and Megalink) and Bank of the Philippine Islands(operator of Expressnet) for terminal sharing. However, internal settlement arrangements within each consortium are followed despite the terminal arrangements; e.g., BancNet POS transactions may still only be settled with a member bank. But this stipulation is reportedly under review as the BancNet POS is now being considered for the collection requirements of government agencies and government controlled entities. In this case, a non-member bank acts as the depository while the BancNet treasury bank acts as the collecting bank.
* [http://www.bancnetonline.com BancNet]
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