- White City, London
infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
official_name= White City
london_borough= Hammersmith and Fulham
constituency_westminster= Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush
postcode_district = W12
White City is a place in the
London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, to the north of Shepherd's Bush. Today, White City is home to the BBC Television Centreand BBC White City, and Loftus Roadstadium, the home of football club Queens Park Rangers FC.
The area now called White City was level arable farmfields until 1908, when it was used as the site of the Franco-British Exhibition and the
1908 Summer Olympics. In 1909 the exhibition site hosted the " Imperial International Exhibition" and in 1910, the Japan-British Exhibition. The final two exhibitions to be held there were the "Latin-British" (1912) and the "Anglo-American" (1914). During this period it was known as the "Great White City" due to the white marblecladding used on the exhibition pavilions, and hence gave its name to this part of Shepherd's Bush.
White City Stadiumin the north of the area, known as the Great Stadium, was officially opened by King Edward VIIon April 27, 1908 for the Olympics. After the Olympics, it continued to be used for athletics until 1914, and was later turned into a greyhound racingtrack, although it was also used for short periods by Queens Park Rangers football club, and for other sports. The stadium was demolished in 1985 to make way for the BBC White City building. Today, the 1908 Olympics are commemorated with a list of athletes inscribed on the side of the BBC Broadcast Centre Building, and the athletics finish line is marked in the paving outside the building.
The Marathon from these London Olympics played an important part in the development of the modern marathon race. In the early years of competitive international sport, the long distance marathon race did not have a standard set distance. The distance run at the first seven Olympics from 1896 to 1920 varied between 40km and 42.75km. The starting point of the race at the 1908 Olympics was at
Windsor Castlecreating a distance of 26 miles 385 yards (42.195 km) to the finishing line at White City stadium. In 1921 this was adopted as the standard distance.
To house the growing population of Shepherd's Bush, a five-storey
housing estatewas built, which also took the name of the White City.
In 2001, BBC Television Centre was damaged by a car bomb attack by the
Real IRA. The bomb went off on Wood Lane, in front of the Television Centre news building.
Westfield Group(with Hausinvest Europa) is building a new shopping centre, bounded by the West Cross Route(A3220, formerly the M41 motorway), the Westway (A40) and Wood Lane(A219). This centre will be branded " Westfield London".
Two new stations will be built to serve the centre close to the sites of closed former London Underground stations. A new station, Wood Lane, will be built on the
Hammersmith and City Lineat the Wood Lane overbridge, between Shepherd's Bush Market and Latimer Road stations. This is located approximately where Wood Lane station was situated until it was closed in 1959 after a fire. The station will be positioned east of Wood Lane and north of the line, to minimise the walking distance for those connecting with the Central Linestation at White City.
There will also be a new station opened at Shepherd's Bush, on the
West London Linewhich lies to the east of the site and runs between Clapham Junctionand Willesden Junction. The station will be sited adjacent to the Holland Park roundabout close to the location of Uxbridge Road station (closed 1940) between Kensington (Olympia) and Willesden Junction, and will eventually provide services on the new London Overgroundsystem.
In 2007, it was announced that the BBC would sell its landmark Television Centre as part of a cost-cutting programme [cite news
title= BBC television centre may be sold for £300m
In 2008 English Heritage announced its recommendation to list parts of TV centre [cite news
title= “Auntie” honoured in recommendation to list parts of BBC television centre|publisher=English heritage
accessdate=2008-07-01] as an excellent example of 20th century architecture.
Schools in the area include Phoenix High School.
* Wormwood Scrubs
* Notting Hill
* Kensal Green
Nearest tube stations
Goldhawk Road tube station
Latimer Road tube station
Shepherd's Bush tube station
* Shepherd's Bush Market
Wood Lane (Hammersmith & City Line) tube station(under construction)"
White City tube station
East Acton tube station
Nearest railway stations
Shepherd's Bush railway station(under construction)"
In popular culture
Pete Townshend, of The Whoand former resident of Shepherd's Bush, released a solo album entitled in November 1985 on Atco. The title refers to a story which accompanies the album and which takes place in the London area of White City. The Poguesmade a song about the stadium and its demolition, called "White City". It can be found on their 1989 album Peace and Love.
In the Westfield shopping centre area at White City, the grade II listed
Dimco buildings(1898), now being redeveloped as a bus station, were used as the location for the ‘Acme Factory’ in the 1988 film " Who Framed Roger Rabbit?" cite web
title=Who Framed Roger Rabbit filming locations
author=The Worldwide Guide to Movie Locations
* [http://westfield.com/london/ Official Site of White City Development]
* [http://thecowanreport.blogspot.com Cllr. Stephen Cowan (Lab) - Leader of the Opposition]
* [http://www.hammersmithandfulhamlabourparty.co.uk Local Labour Party]
* [http://www.alwaystouchout.com/project/24 Details of new transport infrastructure]
* [http://www.la21.org.uk/whitecity/ White City development from local youth group]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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White City — [White City] an area of north west London, England, where there used to be a famous sports ↑stadium. The Olympic Games took place there in 1908, and for most of the 20th century it was a well known ↑stadium for ↑greyhound racing. It was destroyed … Useful english dictionary
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