- Tulse Hill
infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
official_name= Tulse Hill
constituency_westminster= Dulwich and West Norwood
postcode_district= SE21 , SE24, SE27
Tulse Hill is a district and
hillin the London Borough of Lambethin London, England. It lies to the south of Brixton, north of West Norwoodand west of West Dulwich.
The area known as Tulse Hill is part of the former Manor or Manors of Bodley, Upgroves and Scarlettes whose precise boundaries are now uncertain. The name of the area comes from the Tulse family, who came into ownership of farmland in the area during the period of the Commonwealth in the 1650s. [http://www.brockwellpark.com/history/history.htm] A member of the Tulse family married
Richard Onslow, 1st Baron Onslow, and the land remained in Onslow ownership until 1789 when most of it was purchased by William Cole. The estate was further divided on Cole's death in 1807.
The western part was left to "Mercy Cressingham, spinster" (now commemorated by the Cressingham Gardens estate in the area) and the eastern part -now mostly occupied by
Brockwell Park- was left to Richard Ogbourne who promptly sold it on to John Blades.
In 1810 Tulse Hill Farm was the only building in western part of the area. The enclosure of land in the parish of
Lambethin 1811 led to the construction of Effra Road in the area immediately to the north. Together with improvements to Brixton Road by the local turnpike trustthis greatly improved road communications with central London, and the value of the local landholdings.
The heiress Miss Cressingham did not remain a spinster for long. Her husband Dr Thomas Edwards, took the initiative in buying extra land to make an access from
Brixton Hillin 1814 and laying out two new roads Lower Tulse Hill Road (now known simply as Tulse Hill) and Upper Tulse Hill Road (now Upper Tulse Hill) before 1821. A plan of 1821 in the RIBALibrary shows a proposed speculative development of both the Edwards estate and the adjacent Blades estate with large detached villas, although only the former actually came to fruition. The new roads were adopted by the parish in 1822.
An 1832 map shows that Tulse Hill still had only a few buildings on the new roads in contrast to nearby recently developed areas in
Brixtonand Norwood and the longer established hamlet of Dulwich. [http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/london-south-th.htm] However, by 1843, there was a continuous line of houses, predominantly detached and usually with separate coach houses along the full length of Lower Tulse Hill Road from Brixton to the top of the hill.
Development of the area to the east of this road commenced in 1845 when Trinity Rise was built to connect Upper Tulse Hill with Norwood Road. Holy Trinity Church on Trinity Rise was built in 1855-6 and is now
grade II listed.
Major development of the area further east did not come until the opening of
Tulse Hill railway stationin 1868.
Most of the original villas with large gardens on the original Edwards-Cressingham landholding have been redeveloped at much higher densities for
council housingsince the 1930s.
The most prominent survival of 19th century Tulse Hill is Berry House, later called Silwood Hall, and now forming the front part of
St Martin-In-The-Fields High School for Girls, a Church of Englandsecondary school which has outlasted the nearby 1950s schools.
The redevelopment of Tulse Hill after
World War IIby the London County Councilhad included the construction of two large secondary schools - Tulse Hill School(originally for boys, where Ken Livingstonewent to school) and Dick Sheppard School(originally for girls only). Both schools have now closed, and their sites have been redeveloped for housing of very contrasting types.
The site of Tulse Hill school, off Upper Tulse Hill, is predominantly affordable housing. This area came dramatically into the news on
22 July 2005following a surveillance operation on one of the blocks of flats in Scotia Road in the new development. Brazilian electrician Jean Charles de Menezeswas a resident of the block and was commuting to work from there on the day he was shot by police at Stockwell tube station, one day after the 21 July 2005 London bombings. Allegedly, a suspected terrorist Osman Hussainwas linked to a flat in the same block.
By contrast, the site of Dick Sheppard School, has been redeveloped in a retardaire
Regency stylewith purportedly "luxury" houses and apartments overlooking Brockwell Park.
Nearest railway stations
Nearest tube station
* Brixton (
*"The former St Cuthbert's Presbyterian Church of England" on Thurlow Park Road (technically this is in
West Dulwichbecause it has an SE21 postcode) - The church, recognisable by its Green steeple, was built in 1902 and is located a few minutes walk from Tulse Hill station. The building is now used for educational purposes and forms part of Rosemead Preparatory School.
*"Holy Trinity Church on Trinity Rise" - built 1855-6 ,
grade II listed.
*"All Saints' Church" - An astonishing Victorian Gothic building in
West Dulwich, originally intended to be the cathedral for south London. The church was built between 1888 and 1897 and designed by George Fellowes Prynne, a pupil of George Edmund Street. Although plans were scaled down it was still a huge building and is a Grade I listed building. Unfortunately it was gutted by a huge fireon 9 June 2000, the cause remains unknown. The building reopened in April 2006 after a three-year restoration project.
*"Tulse Hill Hotel" [http://www.thetulse.co.uk] - Landmark public house at the main Tulse Hill junction with Norwood Road. The pub was built in 1840 on Norwood Lane as it was then known, which was a muddy track leading to Herne Hill.
* Huggins' Observatory - From about 1850 until 1915 the astronomers Sir
William Hugginsand his wife Margaret Lindsay, Lady Huggins, had a home and observatory at 90 Upper Tulse Hill. It no longer stands but was at the approximate location of today's Vibart Gardens.
John Sentamu, current Archbishop of York, was vicar of Holy Trinity Church for 13 years. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/4102960.stm]
William Henry Harriswas a chorister at Holy Trinity Church towards the end of the 19th Century.
River Effraat Belair in Dulwich
Mentions in popular music
* "24 minutes to Tulse Hill" by
Carter the Unstoppable Sex Machine, from the album 101 Damnations
Mentions in literature
Samson Young, protagonist in
Martin Amis's "London Fields" goes to Tulse Hill to buy drugs.
Jason Strugnell, a fictitious poet in
Wendy Cope's "Making Cocoa For Kingsley Amis", lives in Tulse Hill and mentions it a couple of times in "his" poems.
* [http://www.ideal-homes.org.uk/lambeth/main/images-tulse-hill.htm Old images of Tulse Hill]
* [http://www.norwoodnet.co.uk/ norwoodnet]
* [http://www.thehockeyclub.co.uk/ Tulse Hill & Dulwich Hockey Club]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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