Mayfair


Mayfair

Coordinates: 51°30′32″N 0°08′51″W / 51.508755°N 0.14743°W / 51.508755; -0.14743

Mayfair
New Bond Street 2 db.jpg
New Bond Street
Mayfair is located in Greater London
Mayfair

 Mayfair shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ285805
London borough Westminster
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district W1K, W1J
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Cities of London and Westminster
London Assembly West Central
List of places: UK • England • London

Mayfair (originally called The May Fair) is an area of central London, within the City of Westminster.

Contents

History

The north side of Grosvenor Square in the 18th or early 19th century. The three houses at the far left form a unified group, but the others on this side are individually designed. Most later London squares would be more uniform.

Mayfair is named after the annual fortnight-long May Fair that took place on the site that is Shepherd Market today (from 1686 until it was banned in that location in 1764). Until 1686, the May Fair was held in Haymarket, and after 1764, it moved to Fair Field in Bow because the well-to-do residents of the area felt the fair lowered the tone of the neighbourhood.[1]

Mayfair was traditionally bordered by Hyde Park to the west, Oxford Street to the north, Piccadilly to the south and Bond Street to the east, although the eastern boundary has been stretched in recent years to Regent Street. The old telephone district of MAYfair (later 629) changed east of Bond Street to REGent (later 734). Most of the area was first developed between the mid 17th century and the mid 18th century as a fashionable residential district, by a number of landlords, the most important of them being the Dukes of Westminster, the Grosvenor family. The Rothschild family bought up large areas of Mayfair in the 19th century. The freehold of a large section of Mayfair also belongs to the Crown Estate.

The district is now mainly commercial, with many offices in converted houses and new buildings, including major corporate headquarters, a concentration of hedge funds, real estate businesses and many different embassy offices, namely the U.S.'s large office taking up all the west side of Grosvenor Square.[2] Rents are among the highest in London and the world. There remains a substantial quantity of residential property as well as some exclusive shopping and London's largest concentration of luxury hotels and many restaurants. Buildings in Mayfair include both the Canadian High Commission and the United States embassy in Grosvenor Square, the Royal Academy of Arts, The Handel House Museum, the Grosvenor House Hotel, Claridge's and The Dorchester.

The renown and prestige of Mayfair could have grown in the popular mind because it is the most expensive property on the British Monopoly set.

Economy

Mayfair has become an attractive location away from the City of London for private banks, hedge funds and wealth managers.[citation needed] The Egyptian Education Bureau, is located in Chesterfield Gardens.[3] EasyGroup has its head office in Mayfair.[4]

Cadbury formerly had its head office in Mayfair. In 2007, Cadbury Schweppes announced that it was moving to Uxbridge, London Borough of Hillingdon, to cut costs.[5]

Mayfair also boasts some of the capital's most exclusive shops, hotels, restaurants and clubs. Just alongside Burlington House is one of London's most luxurious shopping areas, the Burlington Arcade, which has housed shops under its glass-roofed promenade since 1819.[6]

Education

The City of Westminster operates the Mayfair Library as a local library.[7]

St. Nicholas College of London (16 Curzon Street W1J 5HP) offers lessons in English and other languages to the residents and visitors of Mayfair. www.stncollege.co.uk

Streets and squares

Savile Row
Shepherd Market
The Royal Arcade in Old Bond Street

Transport and locale

Location in context

Nearest tube stations

The nearest London Underground stations are Bond Street, Green Park, Hyde Park Corner, Marble Arch and Oxford Circus.

Nearest railway station

  • Victoria station

Museums


See also

  • A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square (disambiguation)
  • Mount Street Gardens
  • The Punch Bowl (Mayfair)
  • Allens of Mayfair

References

  1. ^ http://www.londontourguide.org.uk/walking-tours.htm
  2. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Embassy,_London
  3. ^ .
  4. ^ "About Us." EasyGroup. Retrieved on 10 March 2010.
  5. ^ Muspratt, Caroline. "Cadbury swaps Mayfair for Uxbridge." The Daily Telegraph. 1 June 2007. Retrieved on 27 April 2010.
  6. ^ "[1]." Mayfair-London.co.uk. Retrieved on 11 November 2010.
  7. ^ "Mayfair Library." City of Westminster. Retrieved on 21 January 2009.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mayfair — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mayfair —  • Latitud 51.508755  • Longitud 0.14743 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mayfair — (spr. mēfǟr), ein Stadtteil Londons, zum Bezirk Westminster gehörig, im O. des Hyde Park, einer der Hauptsitze des fashionabeln Lebens, verdankt seinen Namen einem im 17. Jahrh. an der Stelle abgehaltenen »Maimarkt« …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mayfair — (spr. mehfähr), vornehmer Stadtteil Londons östl. vom Hydepark …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mayfair —   [ meɪfeə], Wohnviertel in London, England, im Stadtbezirk (London Borough) City of Westminster, östlich vom Hydepark; Grundriss mit geradlinigen Straßen und quadratischen Plätzen aus der georgianischen Periode (18. Jahrhundert); zahlreiche… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mayfair — fashionable district of London, developed 18c., built on Brook fields, where an annual May fair had been held 17c …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mayfair — [mā′fer΄] exclusive residential district of the West End, London …   English World dictionary

  • Mayfair — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mayfair (homonymie). Mayfair Bond Street Géographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mayfair — /may fair /, n. a fashionable neighborhood in London, England, E of Hyde Park. * * * ▪ neighbourhood, London, United Kingdom       neighbourhood of the City of Westminster (Westminster, City of), London. Mayfair extends east of Hyde Park, south… …   Universalium

  • Mayfair — noun a) An annual two week long fair that took place in central London between 1686 and 1764.<!Note: OED has Mayfair , with citations; Wikipedia has May Fair b) An area of central London named after this fair …   Wiktionary


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