Infobox UK place
map_type= Greater London
london_borough= Waltham Forest
constituency_westminster= Leyton & Wanstead
postcode_district= E10, E15, E5
Leyton is an area of
East Londonand part of the London Borough of Waltham Forest. It is a high density inner London area, located convert|6.2|mi|km|0|lk=on north east of Charing Cross. It borders Walthamstowand Leytonstone; Stratford in Newham; and Homertonand Lower Claptonin the London Borough of Hackney.
History and features
History and geography
Leyton is at the heart of the Lea Valley. The name 'Leyton' has been used since the
9th century. Leyton is situated on the Prime Meridianand is less than 1 mile east of the site of the 2012 Olympic Park. Leyton Orient Football Club is also based here. The area is made up largely of terraced housing. Many high rise council estates that dominated the skyline have been demolished over the past 15 years.
Leyton was historically part of
Essexand formed an urban district of that county from 1894. It gained the status of municipal borough in 1926. In 1965 the Municipal Borough of Leytonwas abolished and its former area transferred to Greater Londonto be combined with that of other districts to form the London Borough of Waltham Forest.
The main route through the town is the High Road, which forms part of the ancient route to Waltham Abbey. At the top end of the High Road is a crossroads with Lea Bridge Road and Hoe Street. This junction and the surrounding district is known as
Bakers Arms, named after the public house which still stands at the spot.
During World War II, Leyton suffered as a target because of its proximity to Temple Mills Yard. The yard is now reduced in size as part of it has become a retail park 'Leyton Mills', whilst the rest has been renovated to serve as a depot for high speed trains.
Community and facilities
The area is one of the most multi-cultural parts of
Londonand Britain. The 2001 Census revealed a very mixed population; approximately 50 per cent White, 23 per cent Black and 21 per cent south Asian [http://www.walthamforest.gov.uk/index/community/2001-census-statistics/2001-ward-statistics.htm] (Leyton covers several wards so precise figures are unavailable). Within these groups there are many people whose origins are from Pakistan, North African, Ghana, Nigeria, Jamaica, Ireland, Cyprus, Italyand newer arrivals from South Africa, Bosnia, Serbiaand Poland.
New Spitalfields Marketrelocated in 1991from the Old Spitalfields market, is the UK's leading horticultural market specialising in exotic fruit and vegetables.
There are 2 main shopping areas in the town, located at opposite ends of the High Road. A new retail park is to be found at Leyton Mills. This has a large
Asdastore, a B&Qstore and a selection of furniture and electrical stores. At the north end of the town, Baker's Arms has a more traditional selection of shops lining Lea Bridge Road and the High Road, including a Woolworths and a Tesco.
There are numerous pubs and a few bars situated on the High Road. The local police station is based on Francis Road, which also has two primary schools and a mini supermarket.
Large scale redevelopment and inner city regeneration has been underway in Leyton for many years, as is also the case in the neighbouring areas of Hackney, Clapton and Stratford. High-rise estates which were amongst Britain's poorestFact|date=February 2007 ("e.g." the
Oliver CloseEstate and the Cathall Road estate) have been completely redeveloped by demolition and rebuilding with the help of the multi-million pound Waltham Forest Housing Action Trustscheme. Other problematic areas such as the Avenue Road Estate have also been redeveloped over the past 10 years. The last large high-rise estate in the area, the Beaumont RoadEstate (which is currently ranked as the fifth poorest housing estate in BritainFact|date=February 2007), is now also beginning to be demolished and redeveloped.
In 1886 a pavilion was built at
Leyton Cricket Ground, becoming the headquarters of Essex County Cricket Clubuntil 1933, however Essex continued to play at Leyton until 1977. The pavilion still stands today and is used as a sports ground by local schools,and as a boxing club.
The town is the home to two
association football(soccer) clubs; Leyton Orient F.C.and Leyton F.C.. Leyton Orient F.C. play in Football League One, and their home games occur at the Matchroom Stadium, Brisbane Road. The stadium has recently been re-constructed, including improved terraces and some residential property near Leyton Asda.
Leyton F.C. are in the
Isthmian League Premier Division, and play at the Leyton Stadium.
Leyton has one secondary school,
George Mitchell School, for ages 11-16.
Wards & Areas
The town of Leyton is served by the
Central Lineof London Underground, with a station located at the southern end of the High Road.
There is a station at Midland Road on the
Gospel Oak to Barking line. The town is well-served by buses, with 24 hour services running along the High Road and Lea Bridge Road.
The London Velopark which will be constructed in
Leyton, which will include a 6,000 seat indoor velodrome for track cycling and a 6,000 seat outdoor BMX racing track.
The training facilities at the Waltham Forest Pool & Track will be used by Olympians to prepare for the Olympics.
* Steve Harris (Founder and bass player of
Gunshot(British Hip hop group)
Curtis Davies(Premiership footballer)
David Beckham(English footballer)
Frank Muir(Writer and radio personality)
Nearest tube stations
Leyton tube station
Leytonstone tube station
Nearest railway stations
Forest Gate railway station
Leytonstone High Road railway station
Leyton Midland Road railway station
Leyton lies where four London boroughs meet:
Waltham Forest, Hackney, Newham and Tower Hamlets.
Walthamstowto the north
Leytonstoneto the east
Upper Claptonto the north westTo the west
Hackney MarshesTo the south
* [http://leyton.info Leyton.Info]
* [http://www.leyton.ac.uk/ Leyton Sixth Form College]
* [http://www.leytonguardian.co.uk/ Waltham Forest Guardian] (local
* [http://www.walthamforest.gov.uk/council-tax.htm Council Tax for Leyton and Borough of Waltham Forest]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Leyton — (spr. lët n), städtischer Bezirk in der engl. Grafschaft Essex, dicht bei London, jenseit des Lea, hat eine alte Marienkirche mit interessanten Denkmälern, ein Irrenhaus und (1901) 98,912 Einw. L. steht an der Stelle der römischen Station… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Leyton — (spr. leht n), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Essex, nordöstl. Vorort von London, (1901) 98.912 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Leyton F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Leyton fullname = Leyton Football Club nickname = The Lilywhites (or Lillies), The Swifts founded = 1868 (reformed 1997) ground = Leyton Stadium, London capacity = 4,000 chairman = flagicon|England Costas… … Wikipedia
Leyton — London Borough of Waltham Forest Lage in Greater London Status London Borough Region … Deutsch Wikipedia
leyton — ˈlātən adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Leyton, municipal borough, northeastern suburb of London, England : of or from the municipal borough of Leyton, England : of the kind or style prevalent in Leyton * * * /layt n/, n. a… … Useful english dictionary
Leyton — This is a famous surname of Old English pre 9th Century antecedents. Equally prolific in Military, artistic, ecclesisatical and political circles, Leighton provides a striking example of how apparently humble origins, are no ultimate bar to… … Surnames reference
Leyton — geographical name former municipal borough SE England in Essex, now part of Waltham Forest … New Collegiate Dictionary
Leyton — /layt n/, n. a former borough in SE England, near London: now part of Waltham Forest. * * * … Universalium
leyton — ley·ton … English syllables
Leyton Orient F.C. — Leyton Orient F.C. Arms of L.O.F.C.: A football inscribed 1881 with supporters 2 wyverns gules Full name Leyton Orient Football Club Nickname(s) The O s, Orient … Wikipedia