Leyton


Leyton

Infobox UK place
official_name= Leyton
map_type= Greater London
region= London
country= England
london_borough= Waltham Forest
constituency_westminster= Leyton & Wanstead
post_town= LONDON
postcode_area= E
postcode_district= E10, E15, E5
dial_code= 020
os_grid_reference= TQ375865
latitude= 51.560558
longitude= -0.015465

Leyton is an area of East London and part of the London Borough of Waltham Forest. It is a high density inner London area, located convert|6.2|mi|km|0|lk=on north east of Charing Cross. It borders Walthamstow and Leytonstone; Stratford in Newham; and Homerton and Lower Clapton in the London Borough of Hackney.

History and features

History and geography

Leyton is at the heart of the Lea Valley. The name 'Leyton' has been used since the 9th century. Leyton is situated on the Prime Meridian and is less than 1 mile east of the site of the 2012 Olympic Park. Leyton Orient Football Club is also based here. The area is made up largely of terraced housing. Many high rise council estates that dominated the skyline have been demolished over the past 15 years.

Leyton was historically part of Essex and formed an urban district of that county from 1894. It gained the status of municipal borough in 1926. In 1965 the Municipal Borough of Leyton was abolished and its former area transferred to Greater London to be combined with that of other districts to form the London Borough of Waltham Forest.

The main route through the town is the High Road, which forms part of the ancient route to Waltham Abbey. At the top end of the High Road is a crossroads with Lea Bridge Road and Hoe Street. This junction and the surrounding district is known as Bakers Arms, named after the public house which still stands at the spot.

During World War II, Leyton suffered as a target because of its proximity to Temple Mills Yard. The yard is now reduced in size as part of it has become a retail park 'Leyton Mills', whilst the rest has been renovated to serve as a depot for high speed trains.

Community and facilities

The area is one of the most multi-cultural parts of London and Britain. The 2001 Census revealed a very mixed population; approximately 50 per cent White, 23 per cent Black and 21 per cent south Asian [http://www.walthamforest.gov.uk/index/community/2001-census-statistics/2001-ward-statistics.htm] (Leyton covers several wards so precise figures are unavailable). Within these groups there are many people whose origins are from Pakistan, North African, Ghana, Nigeria, Jamaica, Ireland, Cyprus, Italy and newer arrivals from South Africa, Bosnia, Serbia and Poland.

The New Spitalfields Market relocated in 1991 from the Old Spitalfields market, is the UK's leading horticultural market specialising in exotic fruit and vegetables.

There are 2 main shopping areas in the town, located at opposite ends of the High Road. A new retail park is to be found at Leyton Mills. This has a large Asda store, a B&Q store and a selection of furniture and electrical stores. At the north end of the town, Baker's Arms has a more traditional selection of shops lining Lea Bridge Road and the High Road, including a Woolworths and a Tesco.

There are numerous pubs and a few bars situated on the High Road. The local police station is based on Francis Road, which also has two primary schools and a mini supermarket.

Large scale redevelopment and inner city regeneration has been underway in Leyton for many years, as is also the case in the neighbouring areas of Hackney, Clapton and Stratford. High-rise estates which were amongst Britain's poorestFact|date=February 2007 ("e.g." the Oliver Close Estate and the Cathall Road estate) have been completely redeveloped by demolition and rebuilding with the help of the multi-million pound Waltham Forest Housing Action Trust scheme. Other problematic areas such as the Avenue Road Estate have also been redeveloped over the past 10 years. The last large high-rise estate in the area, the Beaumont Road Estate (which is currently ranked as the fifth poorest housing estate in BritainFact|date=February 2007), is now also beginning to be demolished and redeveloped.

ports

In 1886 a pavilion was built at Leyton Cricket Ground, becoming the headquarters of Essex County Cricket Club until 1933, however Essex continued to play at Leyton until 1977. The pavilion still stands today and is used as a sports ground by local schools,and as a boxing club.

The town is the home to two association football (soccer) clubs; Leyton Orient F.C. and Leyton F.C.. Leyton Orient F.C. play in Football League One, and their home games occur at the Matchroom Stadium, Brisbane Road. The stadium has recently been re-constructed, including improved terraces and some residential property near Leyton Asda.

Leyton F.C. are in the Isthmian League Premier Division, and play at the Leyton Stadium.

Education

Leyton has one secondary school, George Mitchell School, for ages 11-16.

Wards & Areas

*Leyton
*Lea Bridge
*Grove Green
*Temple Mills

Housing

*Beaumont Road
*Oliver Close
*Leyton Grange

Transport

The town of Leyton is served by the Central Line of London Underground, with a station located at the southern end of the High Road.

There is a station at Midland Road on the Gospel Oak to Barking line. The town is well-served by buses, with 24 hour services running along the High Road and Lea Bridge Road.

Future

The London Velopark which will be constructed in Leyton , which will include a 6,000 seat indoor velodrome for track cycling and a 6,000 seat outdoor BMX racing track.

The training facilities at the Waltham Forest Pool & Track will be used by Olympians to prepare for the Olympics.

Famous people

* Steve Harris (Founder and bass player of Iron Maiden)
* Gunshot (British Hip hop group)
* Curtis Davies (Premiership footballer)
* David Beckham (English footballer)
* Frank Muir (Writer and radio personality)

Nearby

Nearest tube stations

* Leyton tube station
* Leytonstone tube station

Nearest railway stations

* Forest Gate railway station
* Leytonstone High Road railway station
* Leyton Midland Road railway station

Nearest places

Leyton lies where four London boroughs meet: Waltham Forest, Hackney, Newham and Tower Hamlets.
* Walthamstow to the north
* Leytonstone to the east
* Upper Clapton to the north westTo the west
* Lower Clapton
* Homerton
* Hackney Wick
* Hackney MarshesTo the south
* Stratford
* Bow
* Maryland
* West Ham

ports clubs

* Leyton Football Club
* Leyton Orient Football Club
* Lee Valley Lions

External links

* [http://leyton.info Leyton.Info]
* [http://www.leyton.ac.uk/ Leyton Sixth Form College]
* [http://www.leytonguardian.co.uk/ Waltham Forest Guardian] (local newspaper)
* [http://www.walthamforest.gov.uk/council-tax.htm Council Tax for Leyton and Borough of Waltham Forest]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leyton — (spr. lët n), städtischer Bezirk in der engl. Grafschaft Essex, dicht bei London, jenseit des Lea, hat eine alte Marienkirche mit interessanten Denkmälern, ein Irrenhaus und (1901) 98,912 Einw. L. steht an der Stelle der römischen Station… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Leyton — (spr. leht n), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Essex, nordöstl. Vorort von London, (1901) 98.912 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Leyton F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Leyton fullname = Leyton Football Club nickname = The Lilywhites (or Lillies), The Swifts founded = 1868 (reformed 1997) ground = Leyton Stadium, London capacity = 4,000 chairman = flagicon|England Costas… …   Wikipedia

  • Leyton — London Borough of Waltham Forest Lage in Greater London Status London Borough Region …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • leyton — ˈlātən adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Leyton, municipal borough, northeastern suburb of London, England : of or from the municipal borough of Leyton, England : of the kind or style prevalent in Leyton * * * /layt n/, n. a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Leyton — This is a famous surname of Old English pre 9th Century antecedents. Equally prolific in Military, artistic, ecclesisatical and political circles, Leighton provides a striking example of how apparently humble origins, are no ultimate bar to… …   Surnames reference

  • Leyton — geographical name former municipal borough SE England in Essex, now part of Waltham Forest …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Leyton — /layt n/, n. a former borough in SE England, near London: now part of Waltham Forest. * * * …   Universalium

  • leyton — ley·ton …   English syllables

  • Leyton Orient F.C. — Leyton Orient F.C. Arms of L.O.F.C.: A football inscribed 1881 with supporters 2 wyverns gules Full name Leyton Orient Football Club Nickname(s) The O s, Orient …   Wikipedia


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