Bangour Village Hospital


Bangour Village Hospital

Bangour Village Hospital was a psychiatric hospital, located west of Dechmont, in West Lothian, Scotland. It was officially opened in October 1906, although the first patients had been admitted in June 1904. The hospital closed in 2004.

History

The hospital was modelled on the Alt Scherbitz asylum of the 1870s, near Leipzig in Germany, and represents one of the first "colony" plan psychiatric hospitals in Scotland.cite web |url=http://hsewsf.sedsh.gov.uk/hslive/portal.hsstart?P_HBNUM=6588 |title=Bangour Village Hospital Listed Building Report |author=Historic Scotland |accessdate=2008-04-01] The Bangour institution comprised individual villas which would house approximately 30 patients each. The village also incorporated its own railway station, a farm, bakery, workshops, recreation hall, school, shop, library, and latterly, a multi-denominational church.

The hospital was requisitioned by the government War Office during both wars when it became "Edinburgh War Hospital" and "The Scottish Emergency Medical Hospital", reverting back to a psychiatric hospital between and after the wars.

The number of patients rose to over 3000 in 1918 so, as well as temporary marquees, prefabricated huts were erected to cope with the demand for bed space, for both patients and staff. This led to the creation of Bangour General Hospital in the surrounding grounds, which was to become a world leader in many medical fields, in particular its esteemed burns and plastic surgery unit which was established in 1940.fact|date=April 2008

In 1989, St John's Hospital opened in nearby Livingston, and services were transferred from Bangour General Hospital, which closed in the early 1990s. [cite web |url=http://www.lhsa.lib.ed.ac.uk/catalog/records/lhsab001/lhb40x.html |title=Bangour General Hospital |accessdate=2008-04-01] The Village Hospital also started to wind down after the opening of St Johns, with the last remaining ward closing in 2004.

The buildings

The hospital site comprises numerous buildings and structures, including 13 category A listed buildings. An architectural competition held in 1898 was won by Hippolyte Blanc. The villas are domestic in character, while the nurse's home is more institutional. The villas were set within landscaped grounds, and are built in a 17th century Scottish Renaissance style, with numerous individual variations. At the centre of the site is an Edwardian Baroque hall, and a Romanesque style church, which was designed by H. O. Tarbolton and built 1924-1930.

Present use

The closed hospital was used as a filming location for the 2005 film "The Jacket", starring Keira Knightley and Adrian Brody. [cite web |url=http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0366627/ |title=The Jacket |work=Internet Movie Database |accessdate=2008-04-01]

In 2004, an outline planning application was submitted by Persimmon Homes, who are seeking to convert the site into a residential development. The proposals include retention of the listed buildings, which will be converted to apartments, and new detached homes, for a total of 500 units. As of March 2008, the application is yet to be determined by West Lothian Council. [cite web |url=http://planning.westlothian.gov.uk/WAM133/findCaseFile.do;jsessionid=72CE23A814EFD750D21E3F3C39AB37B5 |title=Bangour Village Hospital, Dechmont. Case File |accessdate=2008-04-01]

References

* http://www.lhsa.lib.ed.ac.uk/catalog/pdfs/LHB44.pdf Lothian Health Services Archive

External links

* [http://www.livingstoni.co.uk/bangour.htm Loads of pictures of Bangour Village Hospital]
* [http://www.flickr.com/photos/flickrphotos/sets/187877/ Bangour Village Hospital, by Dazzababes: a photoset on Flickr]
* [http://www.flickr.com/photos/10558467@N03/sets/72157601791966055/ Bangour Village Hospital Villas 3, 4, and 5, by mybabyangel85: a photoset on Flickr]
* [http://youtube.com/watch?v=ubAgeEs5wIo Bangour Village Hospital - Before and After: A video on YouTube]
* [http://www.turbozutek.f2s.com/index.php?cat=22 Bangour Village Hospital - Urban Exploration Photography]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • St John's Hospital, Livingston — Infobox Hospital Name = St John s Hospital Org/Group = NHS Lothian Caption = map type = latitude = longitude = Region = Livingston, West Lothian State = Scotland Country = UK Coordinates = HealthCare = NHS Type = General Hospital Speciality =… …   Wikipedia

  • Dechmont — (Gaelic: Deagh Mhonadh) is a small village located near Uphall, West Lothian in Scotland. Bangour Village Hospital is located to the west of Dechmont. It has an approximate population of 989 people. Its postal code is EH52. There was said to be… …   Wikipedia

  • Jim Devine — Infobox MP honorific prefix = name = Jim Devine honorific suffix = constituency MP = Livingston parliament = majority = 2,680 (9.1%) predecessor = Robin Cook successor = Incumbent term start = 29 September 2005 term end = birth date = Birth date… …   Wikipedia

  • Hippolyte Blanc — Hippolyte Jean Blanc (8 August 1844 ndash; 17 March 1917) was a Scottish architect. Best known for his church buildings in the Gothic revival style, Blanc was also a keen antiquarian who oversaw meticulously researched restoration projects.Early… …   Wikipedia

  • East Fortune — is a village in East Lothian, Scotland, located 2 miles (3 km) north west of East Linton. The area is known for its airfield which was constructed in 1915 to help protect Britain from attack by German Zeppelin airships during the First World War …   Wikipedia