- Fulk III, Count of Anjou
Fulk III (972 –
21 June 1040), called Nerra (that is, "le Noir", "the Black") after his death, was Count of Anjou from 21 July 987to his death. He was the son of Geoffrey Greymantle and Adelaide of Vermandois.
He was the founder of
Angevinpower. He was only fifteen years of age when he succeeded his father. He had a violent but also pious temperament, partial to acts of extreme cruelty as well as penitence. In probably his most notorious act, he had his first wife (and cousin) Elisabeth of Vendôme burned to death at the stake in her wedding dress, after discovering her in adultery with a goatherd in December 999. He made four pilgrimages to the Holy Landin 1002, 1008, and 1038. In 1007, he built the great abbey at Beaulieu-lès-Loches. For all this, modern historiography has this to say:
cquote|Fulk of Anjou, plunderer, murderer, robber, and swearer of false oaths, a truly terrifying character of fiendish cruelty, founded not one but two large abbeys. This Fulk was filled with unbridled passion, a temper directed to extremes. Whenever he had the slightest difference with a neighbor he rushed upon his lands, ravaging, pillaging, raping, and killing; nothing could stop him, least of all the commandments of God. [Erdoes.]
". . . un des batailleurs les plus agités du Moyen Âge". [
Fulk fought against the claims of the counts of Rennes, defeating and killing
Conan I of Rennesat the Battle of Conquereuilon 27 June 992. He then extended his power over the Counties of Maine and Touraine.
All of his enterprises came up against the no less violent ambition of
Odo II of Blois, against whom he made an alliance with the Capetians. On 6 July 1016, he defeated Odo at the Battle of Pontlevoy. In 1025, after capturing and burning the city of Saumur, Fulk reportedly cried, "Saint Florentius, let yourself be burned. I will build you a better home in Angers." However, when the transportation of the saint's relics to Angersproved difficult, Fulk declared that Florentius was a rustic lout unfit for the city, and sent the relics back to Saumur.
Fulk also commissioned many buildings. Throughout his reign, while fighting against the Bretons and Blesevins, protecting his territory from
Vendômeto Angers and from there to Montrichard, he had more than a hundred castles, donjons, and abbeys constructed, including those at Château-Gontier, Loches (a stone keep), and Montbazon. He built the donjon at Langeais (990), one of the first stone castles. These numerous pious foundations, however, followed many acts of violence against the church.
Fulk died in
Metzwhile returning from his last pilgrimage. He is buried in the chapel of his monastery at Beaulieu. By his first wife Elisabeth, he left one daughter, Adela. By his second wife (1001), Hildegard of Sundgau, he had two children, Geoffrey Martel, his successor, and Ermengard.
*Bachrach, Bernard S. "Fulk Nerra, the Neo-Roman Consul, 987-1040: a Political Biography of the Angevin Count". University of California Press, 1993.
*Erdoes, Richard. "AD 1000: Living on the Brink of Apocalypse", 1988
*Fichtenau, Henry. "Living in the Tenth Century", 1991.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Fulk IV, Count of Anjou — Fulk IV (1043 ndash;1109), called le Réchin , was the Count of Anjou from 1068 until his death. The nickname by which he is usually referred has no certain translation. Philologists have made numerous very different suggestions, including… … Wikipedia
Geoffrey III, Count of Anjou — Geoffrey III of Anjou, called le Barbu ( the Bearded ), count of Anjou was the eldest son of Ermenegarde, the daughter of Fulk III of Anjou, and of the count of Gâtinais. He succeeded his uncle Geoffrey II in 1060, but his power was limited by… … Wikipedia
Fulk III Nerra — ▪ count of Anjou byname Fulk the Black, French Foulques le Noir born c. 970 died June 21, 1040, Metz, Fr. count of Anjou (987–1040), the most powerful of the early rulers of the Angevin dynasty. Exposed at first to the attacks of… … Universalium
Geoffrey I, Count of Anjou — Geoffrey I of Anjou (died July 21, 987), known as Grisegonelle ( Greymantle ), was count of Anjou from 958 to 987. He succeeded his father Fulk II. He cultivated the loyal support of a group of magnates, some of whom he inherited from his father … Wikipedia
Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou — Infobox British Royalty|none title = Duke of the Normans Count of Anjou, Maine and Mortain name = Geoffrey V caption = Enamel effigy of Geoffrey on his tomb at Le Mans succession = Count of Anjou reign = 1129 – 7 September 1151 predecessor = Fulk … Wikipedia
Geoffrey II, Count of Anjou — Geoffrey II of Anjou, called Martel ( the Hammer ), was Count of Anjou from 1040 to 1060. He was the son of Fulk the Black. He was bellicose and fought against the Duke of Aquitaine, the Count of Blois, and the Duke of Normandy. During his twenty … Wikipedia
Fulk of Jerusalem — Infobox Monarch | name=Fulk title= Count of Anjou, King of Jerusalem reign= 1131 1143 date1= 1131 date2= 1143 coronation= 1131 predecessor=Baldwin II successor=Melisende Baldwin III consort= Melisende (1105 1164) royal house= father= Fulk IV of… … Wikipedia
Fulk of Vendôme — Fulk of Nevers (died 1066), known as Foulques l Oison (meaning the Goose , the Fool , or the Idiot ), was the count of Vendôme from 1028 until his expulsion in 1032 and again from 1056 to his death. He was the second son of Bodon of Nevers and… … Wikipedia
Fulk — was the name of several counts of Anjou: *Fulk I of Anjou *Fulk II of Anjou *Fulk III of Anjou *Fulk IV of Anjou *Fulk V of Anjou (later King of Jerusalem)The name can also refer to:*Fulk the Venerable, Archbishop of Rheims (882 900) *Fulk of… … Wikipedia
Fulk IV — ▪ count of Anjou byname Fulk the Surly , French Foulques le Réchin born 1043, Château Landon, Fr. died April 14, 1109, Angers count of Anjou (1068–1109). Geoffrey II Martel, son of Fulk III, pursued the policy of expansion begun by … Universalium