Holy Trinity Church, Sunderland


Holy Trinity Church, Sunderland
A brick church with stone dressings seen from the south.  The west tower has a clock and pinnacles, and along the south face of the body of the church are Georgian-style windows
Western (front) elevation

Holy Trinity is a former church in Sunderland. It was opened in 1719 as the church for the newly created Parish of Sunderland.[1]

It is a listed building and is one of the oldest buildings in the East End of Sunderland.[1][2]

It is unknown who built the church, but what is known for sure is that Daniel Newcombe — who was appointed rector — and William Etty were involved in some of its design.[3][4] A plaque marking its Grade I listed building status credits Etty as the designer.[5] In its early years, the building was also home to the Select Vestrymen — in effect the town council[citation needed] — and the library[5] and the mechanical fire pump.[citation needed]

The church is no longer in use for worship, having closed in 1988, and is now owned by the Churches Conservation Trust.[4] It is also used by Sunderland Old Township Heritage Society, the Donnison School, the Rector Gray Society and the communities of Hendon and Old Sunderland during "Heritage Days".

Contents

History

  • 1712 — Local merchants campaign for a new church to be built.
  • 1719 — First recorded baptisms, of Primus Barwick and Mary Whiton, on July 25.
  • 1719 — Church consecrated on September 5.
  • 1735 — Near-circular apse with Venetian window added by Daniel Newcombe, as the church initially had no chancel.[6]
  • 1803 — Gallery added.Roof reconstructed by Thomas Wilson and windows re-glazed.
  • 1838 — Memorial erected to Revd Robert Gray, rector from 1819 to 1838.
  • 1856 — Clockface on tower added.[7]
  • 1842 — Gallery extension constructed, but later removed.
  • 1900 (circa) — Windows re-glazed for the second time.
  • 1936 — Organ built.
  • 1939-1945 — slight war damage.
  • 1980s — building in need of expensive repairs.
  • 1988 — cost of renovation and dwindling congregation cause the final service to be held on June 26, and church the closes a few days later.

Gallery

See also

  • Grade I listed buildings in Tyne and Wear
  • List of churches preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust in Northern England

References

Coordinates: 54°54′28″N 1°22′08″W / 54.907714°N 1.369006°W / 54.907714; -1.369006


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