Coulsdon in 1983
Coulsdon shown within Greater London
OS grid reference London borough Croydon Ceremonial county Greater London Region London Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town COULSDON Postcode district CR5 Dialling code 020 01737 Police Metropolitan Fire London Ambulance London EU Parliament London UK Parliament Croydon South London Assembly Croydon and Sutton List of places: UK • England • London
Coulsdon (pronounced /ˈkuːlzdən/ by the majority of its inhabitants now, although well into the 20th century the local pronunciation was 'Colesdon') is a town on the southernmost boundary of the London Borough of Croydon. It is surrounded by the Metropolitan Green Belt of the Farthing Down, Coulsdon Common and Kenley Common. The modern area designated Coulsdon comprises Old Coulsdon, which was the older and first settlement, and Smitham Bottom, which grew substantially with the coming of the railways.
Coulsdon is a small suburban district in South London, England. It has a strong and vibrant local history, which includes Saxon burial mounds and an Iron Age Field System on Farthing Downs, an ancient church recorded in the Domesday book, Marlpit, a former industrial chalk quarry, and the former Cane Hill Mental Hospital (a site currently under development). Appearing in the Domesday Book as Colesdone it boasted one church and rendered £7 to Chertsey Abbey. Its only other Domesday assets were 3½ hide, 7 ploughs, and woodland worth 3 hogs.
Prior to Domesday, the village's name appears to have gone through a number of changes. Originally it seems to have derived from Cuðrædsdun, i.e. Cuthred's down (or hill), via Curedesdone (675), subsequently elided to Curresdone and Cullesdune.
The town later lay within the Anglo-Saxon administrative division of Wallington hundred, but is now firmly established as a locality in its own right. Indeed, Coulsdon now covers a multitude of geographical settlements - from Old Coulsdon, through Coulsdon Woods, the High Street (Brighton Road), properly Smitham Bottom, to the Mount (Clockhouse).
Coulsdon and Purley have a local history society called The Bourne Society. This takes its name from the seasonal bourne stream that runs in wet winters in the district.
Formerly within the administrative county of Surrey, as part of the Urban District of Coulsdon and Purley, boundary changes, London Government Act 1963, meant that in 1965 it became part of the Greater London Borough of Croydon. Coulsdon remains postally as 'Surrey'.
The area between Smitham and Old Coulsdon was filled by housing development in the later 19th and especially the 20th centuries. The two centres still, however, have separate characters, with the village green, parade of shops and mediaeval church giving a 'village' feel to Old Coulsdon, while the Brighton Road and the railway give the old Smitham Bottom a bustling, busier atmosphere.
Coulsdon has recently benefited from the long awaited bypass, a relief road called the Farthing Way, which opened in December 2006 as part of The Coulsdon Town Centre Improvement Scheme. Whilst mourning the loss of Woolworth's and the local bookstore in recent years, the pub The Pembroke and Café Nero opened in the past few years. Coulsdon also contains the head office of Jane's Information Group. Tesco have opened an 'Express' branch in the old Woolworths store.
Around Coulsdon are attractive and important open spaces, largely chalk downland which is on the northern edge of the North Downs. Farthing Down and Happy Valley are owned by the City of London Corporation and are popular with walkers. The London LOOP footpath around London passes through on the route between Hamsey Green and Banstead. The Coulsdon section was the first of the 24 to be opened.
Places of Religious interest
Places of worship in Coulsdon include:
- St Mary and St Shenouda, a Coptic Orthodox church,
- St Andrew's Anglican church,
- St Aidan's Roman Catholic church ,
- The Brighton Road Methodist church,
- CCF, Coulsdon Christian Felowship ,
- a Messianic Synagogue,
- St John's Anglican church (Old Coulsdon),
- St Mary's Roman Catholic church (Old Coulsdon),
- Old Coulsdon Congregational Church (Old Coulsdon).
- Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses
Purley John Fisher Rugby Football Club in the splendidly named Parsons Pightle in Old Coulsdon. Coulsdon United Football Club participate in the Combined Counties League Division One. Chipstead Rugby CLub  play locally at The Meads, Chipstead, offering mini, youth, adult social and adult league rugby.
Old Coulsdon once boasted one of the oldest cricket clubs in the world – founded in 1762. Old Coulsdon were one of the strongest teams in the country in the late 18th century / early 19th century and once boasted 8 Internationals (England) in their ranks, as well as a young Stuart Surridge. The club was quite possibly the first to use three stumps and two bails and frequently played matches on the most famous early Cricket grounds such as Mitcham, and later in Grange Park in the village. In 1995 falling player numbers forced the club to merge with the nearby Redhill Cricket Club and the newly formed club still exists to this day, playing at the Ring on Earlswood Common in Redhill as Redhill & Old Coulsdon Cricket Club.
The Coulsdon Martial Arts Club (also known as Yoshin Ryu) is long established and very popular with children and adults. Founded and led by Errol Field, 6th dan Judo, 4rd dan Karate, 6th dan Ju Jitsu.
There are several public parks which host a range of sporting activities. The Memorial Gardens has an adventure park, crazy golf, basketball, tennis, cricket and, in the summer, 'beach games' and events organised by the café. Grange Park (Old Coulsdon) has a playground, football pitches and is widely used for picnics. Rickman Hill Park hosts football, and has a children's playground, and tennis courts that (2009) are being refurbished.
Walking, and horse riding are popular activities on the downs. And, of course, Coulsdon is a key vantage point from which to witness any of the London-Brighton rallies http://www.lbvcr.com/; http://www.london-to-brighton.co.uk/ .
- Byron Primary School
- Chipstead Valley Primary School
- Coulsdon Church of England Primary School
- Coulsdon Sixth Form College (Formerly Purley High School For Boys)
- Keston Primary School
- The Lodge
- Oasis Academy Coulsdon (Formerly Coulsdon High School) (Formerly Taunton Manor High School)
- Smitham Primary School
- St. Aidan's R.C. Primary School
- Wattenden Primary School
- Woodcote High School
- Woodcote Primary School
The railway stations in the Coulsdon area are:
There was previously a station at Coulsdon North, adjacent to Smitham station.
- ^ http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server/show/ConWebDoc.6646
- ^ Surrey Domesday Book
- ^ Appendix 4 to L B Croydon's Improving Coulsdon Centre
- ^ http://www.oldcoulsdon.co.uk/st_john_s_church.htm
- ^ http://directory.rcsouthwark.co.uk/old_coulsdon_stmaryhoc.html
- ^ http://www.congregational.org.uk/content.aspx?id=3022
- ^ Purley John Fisher Rugby Football Club website
- ^ Chipstead Rugby Club
- ^ http://www.croydononline.org/community_information/list-fse.asp?wtT=723
- ^ http://www.amfbowling.co.uk/centres/details.aspx?centreID=20
- ^ http://www.fitnessfirst.co.uk/UK-Gym-Health/Fitness-First-London---Purley.aspx
- ^ http://schoolsfinder.direct.gov.uk/search-results/?searchstring=cr5&type=Primary%2CSecondary&Specialism=0
- Coulsdon Community website
- History of the village of Coulsdon
- Coulsdon relief road scheme.
- The village of Old Coulsdon - well illustrated site.
- Caterham Sea Cadets on Coulsdon Road beside the Common
- Beit Hallel Messianic Synagogue
- St. Mary and St. Shenouda Coptic Orthodox Church - see also St. Shenouda
- St. Andrews Church - the local Anglican Parish Church
- Coulsdon United Football Club
- Coulsdon Martial Arts
London Borough of Croydon DistrictsAddington · Addiscombe · Ashburton · Broad Green · Coombe · Coulsdon · Croydon · Crystal Palace · Forestdale · Hamsey Green · Kenley · New Addington · Monks Orchard · Norbury · Norwood New Town · Purley · Sanderstead · Selhurst · Selsdon · Shirley · South Croydon · South Norwood · Thornton Heath · Upper Norwood · Waddon · Woodside Attractions Street markets Parks and open spaces
Addington Hills · Addington Park · Addington Vale · Addiscombe Railway Park · Addiscombe Recreation Ground · Apsley Road Playground · Ashburton Park · Ashburton Playing Fields · Beaulieu Heights · Brickfields Meadow · Coombe Wood · Cotelands · Duppas Hill · Grangewood Park · Great North Wood · Heavers Meadow · Mitcham Common · Park Hill · Pollards Hill · Queen's Gardens · Roundshaw · Selsdon Wood · South Norwood Country Park · South Norwood Lake and Grounds · South Norwood Recreation Ground · Woodside Green
Constituencies Other topics Section 5: London Outer Orbital Path Section 6: Hamsey Green Coulsdon Banstead
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