infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
region = London
official_name = Canonbury
latitude = 51.5437
longitude = -0.0883
os_grid_reference = TQ325845
post_town = LONDON
postcode_area = N
postcode_district = N1
london_borough = Islington
dial_code = 020
constituency_westminster = Islington South and Finsbury
Canonbury is a residential district in the
London Borough of Islingtonin the north of London. It is roughly in the area between Essex Road, Upper Street and Cross Street and either side of St Paul's Road. In 1253 land in the area was granted to the Canons of St Bartholomew’s Priory, Smithfield and became known as Canonbury. The area continued predominantly as open land until it was developed as a suburb in the early 19th century. [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=275 'Islington: Growth: Canonbury', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 8: Islington and Stoke Newington parishes (1985), pp. 19-20] accessed: 3 May 2007] In common with similar inner London areas, it suffered decline when the construction of railways in the 1860’s enabled commuting into the city from further afield. The gentrification of the area from the 1950's included new developments to replace war-damaged properties in Canonbury Park North and South as well as restoration of older buildings.
East Canonbury is the south-eastern corner of the district, bordering on the
Regents Canal. Parts of this area were transferred to the district from the London Borough of Hackneyin a boundary adjustment (along the line of the northern tow-path of the canal), in 1993. [ [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/SI/si1993/Uksi_19931417_en_1.htm Statutory Instrument 1993 No. 1417] accessed 3 May 2007]
In the east is the New River Estate (formerly the Marquess Estate), a 1,200 dwelling
council estate, completed in 1976 on convert|26|acre|m2, and designed by Darbourne & Darke. A dark red brick, traffic free estate, it was praised as an example of municipal architecture, but achieved a bad reputation and has since been extensively redeveloped to improve security for residents.
Thomas Cromwell, Lord Privy Seal, lived in Canonbury Tower from 1533. His residency ended abruptly in 1541 when he was beheaded by King Henry VIII.
Sir Francis Bacon, King James I's Lord Chancellor, lived in Canonbury Tower, 1616-1626.
William Babell, musician, died here
Ephraim Chambers, encyclopaedist, lodged at Canonbury Tower
George Grossmithand Weedon Grossmith, actors and writers, lived at 5 Canonbury Place
George Orwell, writer, lived at 27b Canonbury Square
Evelyn Waugh, writer, lived at 17a Canonbury Square
Duncan Grantand Vanessa Bell, painters and designers, lived at 26a Canonbury Square
* Professor Sir
Basil Spence, architect, lived at 1 Canonbury Place
Flora Robson, actor, lived in Alwyn Villas
* Ted and
Barbara Castle, politicians, lived in John Spencer Square
Alan Davies, actor/comedian
Cate Blanchett, actor lived at 7 Canonbury Grove
Stella Rimington, head of MI5, lived in Canonbury Grove and Alwyne Road
Literary and artistic connections
George Orwell and Evelyn Waugh lived in Canonbury Square each quite early in their literary careers.
Charles Dickenswrote a Christmas Storyabout a lamplighterin Canonbury, which features the Tower. Lesley Forbes, the travel and detective storywriter, and Gavin Menzies, who has argued cogently that Chinalaunched an expedition which travelled the world in 1421, both live in the area.
Places of interest
*Canonbury Tower - The manor of Canonbury was constructed by William Bolton of St Bartholomew’s Priory between 1509 and 1532. On
dissolution of the monasteriesit was granted to Thomas Cromwell. In the 1590’s the manor was rebuilt by Sir John Spencer, the Lord Mayor of London, including the construction of its tower. The tower has been occupied by many historical figures, including Francis Baconand Oliver Goldsmith. The Tower Theatre Company was based here from 1953 to 2003. It is currently used as a Masonicresearch centre.
*Canonbury Square - An attractive square, developed between 1805 and 1830, it includes a variety of distinct styles. In 1812, when few properties had been built, the New North Road turnpike, now known as Canonbury Road, was constructed and bisects the square. Many significant figures from the arts and literary worlds have lived on the square, including
George Orwell, Evelyn Waughand Samuel Phelps.
Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Artis in Canonbury Square.
*New River Walk - The New River, an
aqueductbuilt by Sir Hugh Myddeltonto supply fresh water to London, was completed in 1613. The walk is in two parts, with a break at Willowbridge. The southern section received an early National Lotterygrant, and has a back-pumping scheme which simulates the water flow of the original aqueduct.
*Canonbury Grove - is a road running parallel to part of New River Walk, made up of typical attractive 2 and 3 storey early 19th century terraces.
Groups in Canonbury
GreenpeaceUK - offices based at Canonbury Villas.
* The Canonbury Society aims to conserve the special character of Canonbury by monitoring development
* The local MP is Labour politician
Emily Thornberry(her full constituency is Islington South and Finsbury). The Islington councillors representing Canonbury are Barbara Smith, Lucy Watt and Paula Belford (all Liberal Democrat).
Transport and locale
De Beauvoir Town
Nearest railway stations
Nearest tube stations
Angel tube station
Highbury & Islington tube station
Holloway Road tube station500 meters away.
Dalston Junction(opens 2010)
Nearest bus routes
* [http://www.canonbury.ac.uk/?tower Canonbury Masonic Research Centre]
* [http://www.towertheatre.org.uk/ Tower Theatre Company]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar/stories/07/a4369007.shtml BBC "WW2 People's War" - Joan Windsor's WW2 experiences (including bombing raid on Essex Road)]
* [http://www.canonburysociety.org.uk/ The Canonbury Society]
* [http://www.angelwalks.co.uk/ Angel Walks: Literary and Historical Strolls, hosts a regular Sunday walk through Canonbury]
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