Bayswater


Bayswater

infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
region= London
population=
official_name= Bayswater
constituency_westminster= Cities of London and Westminster
post_town= LONDON
postcode_area=W
postcode_district=W2
london_borough= Westminster
dial_code= 020
os_grid_reference= TQ255805

Bayswater is an area of west London in the City of Westminster. It is a built-up district located 3 miles (4.8 km) west north-west of Charing Cross and borders the north of Hyde Park over Kensington Gardens.

Bayswater is one of London's most cosmopolitan areas, with the significant diversity of the local population added to by having one of London's highest concentration of hotels. Notably, there is a significant Arab population towards Edgware Road, a large number of Americans, a substantial Greek community attracted by London's Greek Orthodox Cathedral, the area is also a centre of London's Brazilian community and a substantial local population.

Architecturally, the biggest part of the area is made up of Georgian stucco terraces and garden squares, mostly, although not exclusively, divided up into flats. The property ranges from very expensive apartments to small studio flats. There are also purpose built apartment blocks dating from the inter-war period as well as more recent developments, and a large Council Estate, the 650 flat Hallfield Estate, designed by Sir Denys Lasdun and now largely sold off. There are some garden squares in the area.

Queensway and Westbourne Grove are busy High Streets, with a very large number of ethnic restaurants.

It has a population density of 17,500 people per square kilometre.

History

The land now called Bayswater belonged to the Abbey of Westminster when the Domesday Book was compiled; the most considerable tenant under the abbot was Bainiardus, probably the same Norman associate of the Conqueror who gave his name to Baynard's Castle. The descent of the land held by him cannot be clearly traced: but his name long remained attached to part of it; and, as late as the year 1653, a parliamentary grant of the Abbey or Chapter lands describes "the common field at Paddington" as being "near a place commonly called Baynard's Watering." In 1720, the lands of the Dean and Chapter are described to be the occupation of Alexander Bond, of Bear's Watering, in the same parish of Paddington. It may therefore fairly be concluded that this portion of ground, always remarkable for its springs of excellent water, once supplied water to Baynard, his household, or his cattle; that the memory of his name was preserved in the neighbourhood for six centuries; and that his watering-place now takes the abbreviated name Bayswater.

Famous residents

*Damon Albarn
*Brett Anderson
*Mike Atherton
*J. M. Barrie
*Winston Churchill
*Jeremy Clarkson
*A. J. Cronin
*Alexander Fleming
*Mariella Frostrup
*Jonathan King
*Keira Knightley
*Guglielmo Marconi "(the pioneer of wireless communication) lived at 71 Hereford Road between 1896 and 1897 with his mother upon arrival to England (marked by a Blue Plaque)"
*Stella McCartney
*Paul Simonon
*Sting occupied a basement flat at 28A Leinster Square in the late seventies during the formative years of The Police. Trudie Styler, now his wife, lived in a basement flat two doors down. [http://observer.guardian.co.uk/magazine/story/0,11913,768378,00.html]

Various persons of international renown are frequently reported as buying property in the area, including Claudia Schiffer.

Local politics

The area elects six councillors to Westminster City Council, currently all Conservative. Three are elected from the wards of Bayswater, where the Conservatives have a majority in excess of 250 votes over the Liberal Democrats. Three are also elected from Lancaster Gate, which is a safe Conservative ward, represented by leader of the Council Simon Milton.

Education

:"For education in PAGENAME see the main City of Westminster article."

Nearest places

* Paddington
* Notting Hill
* St John's Wood
* Knightsbridge
* Maida Vale
* Little Venice
* Kilburn

Nearest tube stations

* Bayswater tube station
* Queensway tube station
* Royal Oak tube station
* Lancaster Gate station

Places of interest

*Whiteleys Shopping Centre
*Marble Arch
*Hyde Park
*Opus Dei UK headquarters

References in fiction

*In John le Carré's "The Spy who Came in from the Cold", Liz is a member of the Bayswater South Branch of the Communist Party.
*In le Carré's "Smiley's People", the retired Russian major lives in a dingy flat on Westbourne Grove.
*Many of the characters in Samuel Selvon's novel "The Lonely Londoners" live in Bayswater.
*The Alfred Hitchcock film "Frenzy" was filmed in the area.
*In Oscar Wilde's "The Importance of Being Earnest", Lady Bracknell indicates that the perambulator (carrying Jack, as a baby) was found "standing by itself in a remote corner of Bayswater".
*In Evelyn Waugh's novel "Brideshead Revisited", Charles Ryder's father lives in Bayswater.
*Whiteleys is frequently seen in film, e.g. "Love Actually", "Closer", and was referred to in "My Fair Lady" as Eliza Dolittle is sent "to Whiteleys to be attired" in "Pygmalion". It also has recording studios on the top floor.
*Scenes in "Alfie" (1966) were filmed around Chepstow Road.
*The main character in Iris Murdoch's novel "A Word Child", Hilary Burde, has a "flatlet" near Bayswater Tube Station.
*Scenes in "The Black Windmill" refer to, and were filmed around, the area.

ee also

*In reference to the Bayswater river, refer to River Westbourne
*Aeroford - automobile manufactured in Bayswater
*Leinster Gardens - a false façade on this street hides a London Underground line from view
*Craven Hill Gardens


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bayswater — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bayswater — [Bayswater] a district in west London, England. It is between ↑Paddington and ↑Kensington Gardens and has many hotels …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bayswater — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bayswater peut faire référence à : Sommaire 1 En Australie 2 En Angleterre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayswater — a district in west London, England. It is between Paddington and Kensington Gardens and has many hotels. * * * ▪ neighbourhood, Westminster, London, United Kingdom       neighbourhood in the Paddington district of Westminster (Westminster, City… …   Universalium

  • Bayswater — Original name in latin Bayswater Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.51116 latitude 0.18426 altitude 35 Population 17500 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bayswater — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Bayswater Country and Admin Code AU.08.50420 AU …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Bayswater North, Victoria — Bayswater North Melbourne, Victoria …   Wikipedia

  • Bayswater (disambiguation) — Bayswater may refer to a variety of locations:In Australia:*Bayswater, Victoria, a suburb of Melbourne **Bayswater railway station, Melbourne*Bayswater Power Station, New South Wales*City of Bayswater, a Local Government Area near Perth… …   Wikipedia

  • Bayswater Inn London (London) — Bayswater Inn London country: United Kingdom, city: London (Bayswater) Bayswater Inn London Location Situated in a quiet residential square, the hotel is five minutes walk from Bayswater Road and Bayswater and Queensway underground stations.Rooms …   International hotels

  • Bayswater Manor — (Ванкувер,Канада) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 3108 / 3110 West 2nd Av …   Каталог отелей


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.