- English Dissenters
English Dissenters were
Christians who separated from the Church of England. [^ The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church by F. L. Cross (Editor), E. A. Livingstone (Editor) Oxford University Press, USA; 3 edition p.490 (March 13, 1997) ] They opposed Stateinterference in religious matters, and founded their own communities in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. Having hoped for a more Protestant Reformationin the Church of England, many individuals were disappointed that political decisions were made by the monarchs in order to control the Established Church.
The Dissenters triumphed for a time under
Oliver Cromwell. King James I had said "No bishop, no king" [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/james_i_king.shtml BBC - History - James I, King of England, VI of Scotland (1566 - 1625) ] ] ; Cromwell made good on that, abolishing both.
After the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660 the
episcopacywas reinstalled and the rights of the Dissenters were limited. The Act of Uniformity 1662required Anglican ordinationfor all ministers. Many clergymen instead withdrew from the state church, the Church of England.
These Dissenters were also known as Nonconformists, though originally this term referred to refusal to use certain vestments and ceremonies of the Church of England, rather than separation from it.
In the eighteenth century, one group of Dissenters became known as "Rational Dissenters". In many respects they were closer to the Anglicanism of their day than other Dissenting sects; however, they believed that state religions impinged on the freedom of conscience. They were fiercely opposed to the hierarchical structure of the Established Church and the financial ties between it and the government. Like moderate Anglicans, they desired an educated ministry and an orderly church, but they based their opinions on reason and the
Biblerather than on appeals to tradition and authority. They rejected doctrines such as the Trinityand original sin, arguing that they were irrational. Rational Dissenters believed that Christianity and faith could be dissected and evaluated using the newly emerging discipline of science, and that a stronger belief in God would be the result. [Philip, 36.]
List of Dissenting groups
Historical Dissenting groups
In existence during the
English Interregnum(1649 - 1660):
Anabaptists- those of continental origin are still flourishing.
Diggers(1649–1651) - not a conventional dissenting group, but based their politics on the Bible.
Levellers- not a religious group, but they supported religious freedom for dissenters.
Present-day Dissenting groups
Freedom of religion
Religion in the United Kingdom
17th century denominations in England
*Fitzpatrick, Martin. "Heretical Religion and Radical Political Ideas in Late Eighteenth-Century England." "The Transformation of Political Culture: England and Germany in the Late Eighteenth Century". Ed. Eckhart Hellmuth. Oxford: Oxford University Press; London: German Historical Institute, 1990. ISBN 0199205019.
*Philip, Mark. "Rational Religion and Political Radicalism." "Enlightenment and Dissent" 4 (1985): 35–46.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
English Dissenters — Dissidents anglais Les Dissidents anglais, en anglais : English Dissenters, sont des chrétiens anglais qui firent sécession de l Église d Angleterre. Ils s opposaient à l interférence de l État dans les affaires religieuses et fondèrent… … Wikipédia en Français
Dissenters — Dissidents anglais Les Dissidents anglais, en anglais : English Dissenters, sont des chrétiens anglais qui firent sécession de l Église d Angleterre. Ils s opposaient à l interférence de l État dans les affaires religieuses et fondèrent… … Wikipédia en Français
English Civil War — For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). English Civil War An allegory of the English Civil War by Wi … Wikipedia
English Revolution of 1688 — • The history of the Revolution resolves itself into a catalogue of various ill judged measures which alienated the support of the Established Church, the Tory party, and the nation as a whole Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. English… … Catholic encyclopedia
English Post-Reformation Oaths — English Post Reformation Oaths † Catholic Encyclopedia ► English Post Reformation Oaths The English Reformation having been imposed by the Crown, it was natural that submission to the essential points of its formularies should have… … Catholic encyclopedia
Dissenters — [dɪ sentəz; englisch »Andersgläubige«], im 19. Jahrhundert auch Nonconformists [nɔnkən fɔːmɪsts; englisch »nicht Übereinstimmende«], im weiteren Sinn alle nicht zur englischen Staatskirche, jedoch zur Anglikanischen Kirchengemeinschaft… … Universal-Lexikon
Dissenters' Chapel, Kensal Green — Coordinates: 51°31′37″N 0°12′57″W / 51.5269°N 0.2159°W / 51.5269; 0.2159 … Wikipedia
English literature — Introduction the body of written works produced in the English language by inhabitants of the British Isles (including Ireland) from the 7th century to the present day. The major literatures written in English outside the British Isles are… … Universalium
English post-Reformation oaths — The English Protestant Reformation was imposed by the English Crown, and submission to its essential points was exacted by the State with post Reformation oaths. With some solemnity, by oath, test, or formal declaration, English churchmen and… … Wikipedia
Michael Foster (English judge) — Sir Michael Foster (1689–1763), was an English judge. Foster was the son of Michael Foster, an attorney, was born at Marlborough, Wiltshire, on 16 December 1689, and, after attending the free school of his native town, matriculated at Exeter… … Wikipedia