Kurapaty ( _be. Курапаты) is a wooded area on the outskirts of
Minsk, Belarus, in which a vast number of people were executed between 1937 and 1941 by the Soviet secret police, the NKVD. At least 30,000 and possibly as many as 100,000 people are estimated to have perished there.
Discovery and remembrance
The discovery by historian
Zianon Pazniakand exhumationof the remains in 1988 gave an added momentum to the pro- democracyand pro- independencemovement in Belarus in the last years of the Soviet Union before it collapsed. There have been investigations by both the Soviet, and Belarusian governments, which have been inconclusive as to the perpetrators who are believed to be either the Soviet NKVD, or the invading German forces in 1941.In the Book 'Kurapaty The Road of Death' it is claimed after heavy research that the German army never entered the site and therefore never killed there this is based on the eye witness testimonies of villagers, from villages such as Cna. President of the United States Bill Clintonvisited Kurapaty forest in 1994, when he came to Belarus with a "thank you" visit after Belarus agreed to transfer their post-Soviet nuclear weaponsto Russia. Clinton presented a small granite monument "To Belarusians from the American people", perhaps the first post-Soviet cultural artefact from the U.S. on the Belarusian soil. The monument was damaged three times by unidentified vandals, but subsequently restored.
In 2001, when the Kurapaty site came under the threat from a planned widening of the Minsk Ring Road, its defenders (youth from the
Belarusian Popular Front, Zubr and smaller organizations) occupied the site and sat out a bitter winter in tents.
October 29, 2004, the Jewish community of Belarus installed a monument in memory of the Jews and other nationals who were murdered in Kurapaty forest. The brown granite stone has two inscriptions in Yiddish and in Belarusian: "To our fellow-believers—Jews, Christians and the Muslims—the victims of Stalinismfrom the Belarusian Jews."
Each year in November, on
Dziady(the All Saints or the day when Belarusians commemorate their deceased forefathers), hundreds of people visit this site of crimes of Soviet political repression. The first such demonstration in 1988, in which there were tens of thousands of participants, was brutally dispersed by the police. Officials from the administration of Alexander Lukashenkodo not recognize the Kurapaty case as a certain Soviet crime against humanityand never mention Kurapaty in public.
NKVD massacres of prisoners
*"Kuropaty: The Investigation of a Stalinist Historical Controversy" by David R. Marples - "
Slavic Review" Vol. 53, No. 2 (Summer, 1994), pp. 513-523
*'Kurapaty The Road of Death'ISBN 5-85700-149-8
* [http://www.kurapaty1988.org/library_book.asp?id=3 A book available online: "Kurapaty – The Road of Death"]
* [http://www.kurapaty.org/ www.kurapaty.org/]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kurapaty — Die Gedenkstätte Kurapaty bei Minsk Kurapaty (weißrussisch Курапаты, polnisch Kuropaty) ist ein ca. 10 bis 15 ha großes, bewaldetes Gelände nahe Minsk, auf dem die sowjetische Geheimpolizei NKWD im Zeitraum von 1937 bis 1941 zehntausende… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kurapaty — 53°57′55″N 27°36′40″E / 53.96528, 27.61111 … Wikipédia en Français
Kuropaty — Die Gedenkstätte Kurapaty bei Minsk Kurapaty (weißrussisch Курапаты, polnisch Kuropaty) ist ein ca. 10 bis 15 ha großes, bewaldetes Gelände nahe Minsk, auf dem die sowjetische Geheimpolizei NKWD im Zeitraum von 1937 bis 1941 zehntausende… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dissolution of the Soviet Union — Tanks at Red Square during the 1991 Soviet coup d état attempt Participants People of the Soviet Union Federal government … Wikipedia
List of Belarus-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Belarus. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.Belarus* Belarus * Belarusian diplomatic missionsCommunications in Belarus* Communications … Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in Belarus — The Constitution provides for freedom of religion; however, the Government restricted this right in practice.Respect for religious freedom has recently worsened. The Government continued to restrict religious freedom in accordance with the… … Wikipedia
Куропаты — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Куропаты (значения). Урочище Куропаты … Википедия
Joseph Stalin — Stalin redirects here. For other uses, see Stalin (disambiguation). Joseph Stalin Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე სტალინი … Wikipedia
Katyn massacre — This article is about the 1940 massacre of Polish officers. For the 1943 massacre of Belarusian civilians, see Khatyn massacre. Katyn Kharkiv Mednoye memorial The Katyn massacre, also known as the Katyn Forest massacre (Polish … Wikipedia
Geschichte von Belarus — Wladimir von Kiew und die Prinzessin Rahneda von Polazk (Gemälde aus dem Jahre 1770). Weißrusslands Geschichte ist geprägt von der Lage des dünn besiedelten Landes am Übergangsbereich zwischen katholisch geprägtem litauisch polnischem… … Deutsch Wikipedia