official_name = Assab
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Eritrea
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
Southern Red Sea
subdivision_type2 = District
Southern Denkalya District
Assab (or Aseb, anciently Avalites) is a port city in the
Southern Red SeaRegion of Eritreaon the west coast of the Red Sea. In 1989, it had a population of 39,600. Assab possesses an oil refinery which was shut down in 1997 for economical reasons. Nearby is the site of the ancient city of Arsinoe.
In 1869 it was bought by the "Rubattino Shipping Company" from the local Sultan, and was acquired by
Italy(1882) who found the port inadequate for exploitation of its hinterlands, and came to use Assab as a coalstation for shipping. [ Edward Ullendorff, "The Ethiopians: An Introduction to Country and People", second edition (London: Oxford University Press, 1965), p. 90. ISBN 0-19-285061-X.] The Soviet Unionlater built an oil refinerythere. During the twentieth century Assab became Ethiopia's main port. During the Eritrean War of Independenceand famineof the 1980s, food aid was brought to Eritrea and the Ethiopian province of Tigray through this port.
The port facilities were greatly expanded in the early 1990s, with the construction of the new terminal, but the port has declined since trade with
Ethiopiawas terminated in 1998 "(see Eritrean-Ethiopian War)". Assab is known for its large market, beaches and nightlife and is home to an airport.
* [http://home.planet.nl/~hans.mebrat/eritrea-assab.htm Assab history and information]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Assab — Assab … Deutsch Wikipedia
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ASSÂB — İplikçi … Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük
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