List of common Chinese surnames


List of common Chinese surnames

This is a list of the top 100 most common Chinese surnames according to a study published in 2006.[1] Their ranks in 1990[2] are shown by the side. Mandarin, Cantonese, Minnan and Gan transliterations are displayed. Other transliterations, used before the formalization and popularization of existing Romanizations, still can be found in the names of some overseas Chinese. Transliterations in other Chinese languages used by some overseas Chinese whose ancestral mother tongue is neither Mandarin, Cantonese or Minnan also exist, as well as pronunciations in other languages, particularly Korean and Vietnamese, in which these surnames are commonly used. Certain surnames transliterated into other Asian languages are unique only to the particular group of people; for example, many ethnic Chinese living in Vietnam bear modified versions of their original surnames, but only a few are used by ethnic Vietnamese. Similarly, Japanese transliterations are very rarely carried by ethnic Japanese in Japan, instead they are used by ethnic Chinese and Koreans.

Contents


Popularity Rankings [3]

Rank Char. Mandarin Cantonese Min Nan (Hokkien, Taiwanese, Teochew) Gan Vietnamese Korean
(%RR)
Japanese Other
Ranking Uncited 1990 ranking T. S. Pinyin W-G1 Other Jyutping HK Gov't2 Other Pe̍h-ōe-jī Other
1 3 Li Lee Lei5 Lee
Li
Le
Lei4
Lee
Lie
Dee

Rank 14
Lee/Yi/Ri/Rhee (/)
Rank 2
Ri Ley (Latin America); Dy, Sy (Philippines)
2 1 Wáng Wang   Wong4 Wong Vong4 Ông Ong
Heng (of Teochew descent)
Uōng Vương
Rank 19
Wang () Ō Ong (Philippines)
3 4 Zhāng Chang   Zoeng1 Cheung Cheong4
Chong5
Tiuⁿ Teo
Teoh
Tio
Thio
Tiew
Chong
Tong
Trương Jang ()
Rank 9
Chō Chang, Tiu, Tiong, Teo(Philippines, Malaysia), Singapore), Sutiono / Tjong (Indonesia)
4 5 Liú Liu Liou Lau4 Lau Lao4
Lou
Lâu Lau
Low
Lao
Lauw
Līu Lưu
Rank 27
Yu/Ryu (/) Ryū Lao (Philippines)
5 2 Chén Ch'en (Chen) Chern Can4 Chan Chun Tân Tan
Chan
Ting
Chhín
Thín
Trần/ Chein
Rank 2
Jin () Chin Ding;
Chan, Tan (Philippines, Indonesia)
6 6 Yáng Yang   Joeng4 Yeung Yeong
Ieong4
Iûⁿ Eaw
Yeo
Yeoh
Yong
Iōng Dương/ Huan (Wang)
Rank 13
Yang () Young (English)
7 7 Huáng Huang Hwang Wong4 Wong Wang
Vong4
Ng Ng
Eng
Wee
Oei
Ooi
Bong
Uy
Ung
Uōng Hoàng (皇)
Huỳnh
Rank 5
Hwang ()
Rank 16
 
8 12 Zhào Chao   Ziu6 Chiu Chio4
Jiu
Tiō Teo
Teoh
Chew
Chhèu
Thèu
Triệu
Rank 23
Jo ()
Rank 7
Chō Chu
(Hawaiian)
9 10 Zhōu Chou Joe Zau1 Chow Jao4
Chau
Chiu Chew
Chiew
Jew
Chiu
Tiu
Chu
Châu
Ju () Makoto  
10 8 Wu Woo Ng4 Ng Ung4
Eng
Gô·
Ngô·
Goh
Gouw
Ng Ngô
Rank 12
Oh ()
Rank 11
Go (of Chinese descent)
Kure (of Japanese descent)
 
11 14 Hsü (Hsu)   Ceoi4 Tsui Choi4
Chui
Tsua
Chhî Chee
Swee
Shui
Djie
Tjhie
Chhí
Thí
Từ Seo ()
Rank 13
Jo Dharmadjie/Christiadjie (Indonesia)  
12 15 Sūn Sun Suen Syun1 Suen Sun Sun
Soon
Sng Sun
Thun
Tôn
Rank 26
Son ()
Rank 15
Son Suan (Philippines)
13 16 Zhū Chu Choo Zyu1 Chu Chue Chu
Chee
Choo Chu
Tu
Châu
Rank 22
Ju () Shu Gee, Ju
14 18 Ma   Maa5 Ma Mah
Mar

Baey Ma () Ba  
15 23 Hu   Wu4 Wu Woo
Vu4
Hoo
Ô·
Aw
Auw
Oon Ū
Hồ
Rank 11
Ho () Ko  
16 20 Guō Kuo   Gwok3 Kwok Kuok4 Koeh Koay
Kwik
Quek
Quay
Kwek
Kuok
Kok
Quách Gwak ()(37th most common Korean Surname) Kaku (かく)(of Japanese descent & rank 51st most common Japanese surname) Ker, Kho, Kwok (Philippines), Kwik (Indonesia)  
17 9 Lín Lin   Lam4 Lam Lum Lîm Lim
Liem
Līm Lâm
Rank 15
Im/Rim
(/)
Rank 10
Rin (of Chinese descent)
Hayashi (of Japanese descent)
Rank 19
Lim (Philippines)  
18 21 Hê, Ho   Ho4 Ho Hoe Hoh Ha () Ka Ho
19 17 Gāo Kao   Gou1 Ko Kou4
Go
Koh   Kau Cao Go ()
20 19 Liáng Liang   Loeng4 Leung Leong
Lang
Leng
Niû Neo
New
Nio
Njoo
Liōng Lương Yang, Ryang
(, )
Ryō  
21 22 Zhèng Cheng Jehng Zeng6 Cheng Cheang4
Chiang4
Tēⁿ
Tīⁿ
Chung
Tay
Teh
The
They
Teay
Chhìn
Thìn
Trịnh
Rank 20
Jeong ()
Rank 5
Tei Ching (Philippines)
22 32 Luó Lo   Lo4 Lo Law
Loh
Lowe
Lor
  La Na/Ra
(/)
Ra Lo (Philippines)
23 35 Sòng Sung Soong Sung3 Sung   Sòng   Sūng
Thūng
Tống Song ()
Rank 17
 
24 29 Xiè Hsieh Shieh Ze6 Tse Che4 Chiā, Siā Cheah
Tjhia
Tjia
Chay
Seah
Shea
Sià
Chhià
Tạ Sa ()3 Sha Saa, Sese, Sia (Philippines)
25 30 Táng T'ang (Tang)   Tong4 Tong   Tn̂g Tng Thóng Đường Dang () Tang (Philippines)
Rank Char. Mandarin Cantonese Min Nan (Hokkien/Taiwanese/Teochew) Gan Vietnamese Korean Japanese Other
2006 1990 T. S. Pinyin W-G1 Other Jyutping HK Gov't2 Other Pe̍h-ōe-jī Other
26 42 Hán Han   Hon4 Hon   Hân Han Hón Hàn Han () Rank 11 Kan Hang  
27 37 Cáo Ts'ao (Tsao)(Cao)   Cou4 Tso Chaw Chou4 Chô Chháu
Tháu
Tào Jo ()3  
28 31 Hsü (Hsu)   Heoi2 Hui
Hooi
Hoi4 Khó· Koh
Kho
Khor
Co
Khaw
Khouw

Hứa Heo () (about 300,000) Kyo; Co, Ko (Philippines)  
29 27 Dèng Teng Dang6 Tang Theng Dung Tēng   Thèn Đặng
Rank 8
Deung ()3 Deang (Philippines)
30 55 Xiāo Hsiao Siu1 Siu Sio4 Siau Siow   Sieu
Thieu
Tiêu So () Shō Siao
31 34 Féng Feng Ferng Fung4 Fung Fong Pâng Pang
Phang
Fong
Fūng Phùng
Rank 21
Pung ()  
32 25 Zēng Tseng Tzeng Zang1 Tsang Chang4
Dong
Chan   Chin
Tin
Tăng
Tang
Jeung ()3 Tjan
(Indonesia)
33 60 Chéng Ch'eng (Cheng)   Cing4 Ching Cheng4 Thiâⁿ   Chháng
Tháng
Trình Jeong () Tei  
34 24 Cài Ts'ai (Tsai) Chai, Tsay Coi3 Choi Choy
Tsoi
Toy
Chhoà Chua
Choa
Tjoa
Chhói
Thói
Thái
Sái
Chae () Sai Chua (Philippines)
35 79 Péng P'eng (Peng)   Paang4 Pang   Phêⁿ, Phîⁿ   Pháng Bành Paeng () Phang
(Jamaican), Pay
(Cambodian/Khmer), Pang (Philippines)
36 51 Pān P'an (Pan)   Pun1 Poon Pun4 Phoaⁿ Phua Phon Phan
Rank 6
Ban () Han  
37 33 Yuán Yüan (Yuan)   Jyun4 Yuen Wan Un4 Oân Iōn
Iēn
Nguyen
Viên
Won () En Yan (Philippines)
38 41 Yü (Yu)   Jyu1 Yue U4 Î, Û   Ī Vu U () U Yu (Philippines)
39 40 Dǒng Tung   Dung2 Tung Tong4 Táng   Tûng Đổng Dong ()  
40 61 Yü (Yu)   Jyu4 Yu, Yue U4
Yee
Î, Û Ee Ī Yeo () Yo Eu, Ya, Oe (Indonesia)
41 36 Su   Sou1 So Sou4 Soh Souw Su
Thu
So (소) So Soo
42 11 Yeh Yee
Ee
Jip6 Yip Ip
Yeap
Ia̍p Yap Iep Diệp Yeop (엽) Yap (Philippines)
43 13 Lü (Lu)   Leoi5 Lui Loi4 Loy
Lữ
Ryeo () Ryo Loy (Tausug)
44 62 Wèi Wei   Ngai6 Ngai   Gūi Wee Ngùi Nguỵ
Ngụy
Wi () Gi  
45 44 Jiǎng Chiang Chung Zoeng2 Tseung Cheung Cheong4
Chiang
Chiúⁿ Chiông
Tiông
Tưởng Jang () Shō Chiong (Philippines)
46 58 Tián T'ien (Tien)   Tin4 Tin Chan   Tiân Thién Điền Jeon () Den  
47 48 Tu   Dou6 To Do
Tou4
Tō· Toh Thù Đỗ
Rank 10
Du () To  
48 49 Dīng Ting   Ding1 Ting Ding
Teng4
Teng   Tiang Đinh
Rank 16
Jeong () Tei  
49 28 Shěn Shen   Sam2 Sum Sam4
Shum
Sím Shim Sím
Thím
Thẩm
Trầm
Shim () Shin  
50 52 Jiāng Chiang Kiang Goeng1 Keung Geung
Keong4
Kiang
Kiuⁿ
  Kiong Khương Kang ()
Rank 6
Kyō  
Rank Char. Mandarin Cantonese Min Nan (Hokkien/Taiwanese/Teochew) Gan Vietnamese Korean Japanese Other
2006 1990 T. S. Pinyin W-G1 Other Jyutping HK Gov't2 Other Pe̍h-ōe-jī Other
51 65 Fàn Fan   Faan6 Fan   Hum Hoān
Huan
Wan
Fàn
Phạm
Rank 4
Beom () Han  
52 87 Jiāng Chiang Kiang Gong1 Kong   Kang   Kong Giang Gang () Kong
(Hakka)
53 106 Fu   Fu6 Fu, Foo   Poh
Pha
  Phó Bu
(부)
Fu Po (Philippines)
54 46 Zhōng Chung   Zung1 Chung Chong4 Chiong
Cheng
  Chung
Tung
Chung Jong () Shō  
55 66 Lu   Lou4 Lo Lou4 Lô· Loh
Loo

No/Ro
(, )
Ryo  
56 75 Wāng Wang   Wong1 Wong   Ong
Ang
  Uong Uông Wang () Ō  
57 64 Dài Tai   Daai3 Tai     Thài Đái
Đới
Dae () Tai Ty, Tee (Philippines)
58 59 Cuī Ts'ui (Tsui) Tsuei Ceoi1 Chui Choi4 Chui
Sam
  Chhoi
Thoi
Thôi Choi ()
Rank 4
Sai  
59 43 Rén Jen   Jam6 Yam Iam4
Yum
Jîm   Nìm Nhiệm
Nhậm
Im () Jin  
60 38 Lu   Luk6 Luk Lok4 Lio̍k Loke Liuk Lục Ryuk ()
Yuk ()
3
Riku  
61 82 Liào Liao   Liu6 Liu Lew/ Leow/Liew
Lio4
Liow Liāu
Liauw
Liaw
Liow
Lièu Liêu
Liệu
Ryo () Ryō  
62 50 Yáo Yao   Jiu4 Yiu Yeow
Io4
Iu4
Yow Iâu Iēu Diêu Yo ()  
63 47 Fāng Fang   Fong1 Fong   Png, Hong   Fong Phương Bang ()
64 56 Jīn Chin Kim Gam1 Kam Gum Kim   Kim Kim Kim ()
Rank 1
Kin  
65 54 Qiū Ch'iu (Chiu) Chiou Jau1 Yau Iao<4
Iau4
Khu, Cu Khoo
Koo
Khiu Khưu Koo () Kyū Hew, Hiew, Chiew (Malaysia)
66 69 Xià Hsia   Haa6 Ha   Hah Hạ Ha () Ka  
67 53 Tán T'an (Tan)   Taam4 Tam Tom
Ham
Hom
Thâm Tham Thóm Đàm Dam () Tan  
68 120 Wéi Wei   Wai4 Wai Vai4     Vi Wi () I  
69 57 Jiǎ Chia   Gaa2 Ga     Giả Ga (), Go () Ka  
70 74 Zōu Tsou   Zau1 Chow Jao4
Chau
Cho·   Chiu
Tiu
Trâu Chu ()  
71 78 Shí Shih   Sek6 Sek, Shek Seac<4
Seak4
Chioh Chew Sak
Thak
Thạch Dol () Seki  
72 133 Xióng Hsiung   Hung4 Hung Hong4     Hiōng Hùng Ung ()  
73 99 Mèng Meng   Maang6 Mang   Bēng   Mèn Mạnh Maeng (, Mang ()  
74 81 Qín Ch'in (Chin)   Ceon4 Tseun
Tseon
Chun
Chon4 Chîn   Chhín
Thín
Tần Jin () Shin  
75 92 Yán Yen   Jim4 Yim Im4 Giâm   Iēm Diêm Yeom () En  
Rank Char. Mandarin Cantonese Min Nan (Hokkien (Fujian)/Teochew) Gan Vietnamese Korean Japanese Other
2006 1990 T. S. Pinyin W-G1 Other Jyutping HK Gov't2 Other Pe̍h-ōe-jī Other
76 63 Xuē Hsüeh (Hsueh)   Sit3 Sit   See
Seet
Sih Siot
Siet
Thiet
Tiết Seol () Setsu  
77 68 Hóu Hou   Hau4 Hau Hao4 Hâu
Jao
  Héu Hầu Hu (,)  
78 102 Léi Lei   Leoi4 Lui Loi4     Lūi Lôi Roe () , Noe () Rai Louie or Louis
(Hoisan)
79 70 Bái Pai Bo, Po Baak6 Pak   Pe̍h, Pe̍k Peh Phak Bạch Baek () Haku  
80 108 Lóng Lung   Lung4 Lung
Loong
Long4 Lêng   Lūng Long Ryong (), Yong ()
Rong (), Nong ()

Bang ()
Ryū  
81 118 Duàn Tuan   Dyun6 Tuen Tun4 Tōaⁿ
Tōan
Tn̂g
Then̄g
  Thòn Đoàn Dan () Dan  
82 110 Hǎo Hao   Kok3 Kok       Hok Hác Hak () Kaku  
83 128 Kǒng K'ung (Kung)   Hung2 Hung Hong4     Khúng Khổng Kong (공)  
84 88 Shào Shao Shaw Siu6 Shiu Sio4 Siō   Sèu
Thèu
Thiệu So () Shō  
85 76 Shǐ Shih   Si2 Sze Si4 See
Seet
 
Thí
Sử Sa () Shi  
86 89 Máo Mao   Mou4 Mo Mou4 Mô·   Māu Mao Mo ()  
87 94 Cháng Ch'ang (Chang)   Soeng4 Sheung Seong4 Siông   Sōng
Thōng
Thường Sang ()  
88 97 Wàn Wan   Maan6 Man   Bān   Màn Vạn Man () Ban  
89 45 Ku   Gu3 Gu Goo
Ku
Kò·   Cố Go () Ko  
90 86 Lài Lai Lay   Laai6 Lai Lay   Lài Lōa Roe () , Noe () Rai Lại
91 130 Wu   Mou5 Mo Mou4    

Rank 7
Mu () Bu  
92 95 Kāng Kang   Hong1 Hong   Khng   Khong Khang Gang ()  
93 71 Hê, Ho   Ho6 Ho     Hạ Ha () Ga  
94 93 Yán Yen   Jim4 Yim Im4 Giâm   Nghiēm Nghiêm Eom () Gen  
95 101 Yǐn Yin Yiin Wan5 Wan       Ín Doãn Yun ()
Rank 8
In  
96 72 Qián Ch'ien (Chien)   Cin4 Chin Chee   Chîⁿ Chhién
Thién
Tiền Jeon () Sen  
97 84 Shī Shih   Si1 Sze Si Si See Si
Thi
Thi Si (), I () Shi Schultz, See, Sy (Philippines)
98 96 Niú Niu   Ngau4 Ngau Ngao4   Ngiēu Ngưu U () Gyū  
99 67 Hóng Hung   Hung4 Hung Hong4 Âng Ang Fūng Hồng Hong ()
Rank 20
 
100 80 Gōng Kung   Gung2 Kung Kwong Kong4 Kióng Kung Cung Gong () Kyū  
Rank Char. Mandarin Cantonese Min Nan (Hokkien (Fujian)/Teochew) Gan Vietnamese Korean Japanese Other
2006 1990 T. S. Pinyin W-G1 Other Jyutping HK Gov't2 Other Pe̍h-ōe-jī Other
The following from the 1990 list are no longer within the 2006 top 100.
  26 Shé She   Se4 Sheh Se4
Shai
Sia   Sa
Tha
Sa ()3 Sha  
  39 Mài Mai   Mak6 Mak Muk Be̍h Beh
Mark
Mak Mạch Maek ()3 Baku  
  73 Zhuāng Chuang   Zong1 Chong   Chng Ching/Ch'ng Chong
Tong
Trang Jang () Shō  
  77 Lu   Lou6 Lo Lou4 Lō·   Lộ Ro (), No () Ro  
  83 Li   Lai4 Lai   Loy
Rank 3
Ryeo (), Yeo () Rei  
  85 Fu   Fu6 Foo Fu Pò·   Phó Bu () Fu  
  90 Xíng Hsing   Jing4 Ying Ieng4 Hêng   Hīn Hình Hyeong () Kei  
  91 Ni   Ngai4 Ngai     Ngī Nghê Ye () Gei  
  98 Táo T'ao (Tao)   Tou4 Tou Tow   Tháu Đào Do ()  
  100 Kê, Ko   Got3 Kot   Kat   Kot Cát Gal () Katsu  
  1. Unofficial versions of Wade-Giles transliterations, (with diacritics removed) appear in parentheses. Currently, Wade-Giles is used primarily to romanize Taiwanese names, and often appears (erroneously) without the diacritics.
  2. This is the romanization used most often by the Hong Kong Government in transliterating names for birth certificates and identity cards. It is an unsystematic method based on the Meyer-Wempe system, without any of the aspiration marks and diacritics.
  3. None or very few in South Korean 2000 census (foreigners' households not included). Only indicated for Chinese 40 most common surnames, not checked for Chinese 41–100. Names 1–40 whose Korean rank or number is not indicated have more than 1.000 bearers according to the census, but are not among the most common 16 names.
  4. Portuguese transliteration only used in Macau
  5. Common Americanised spelling

History

  • 2006 – Ranking based on a multi-year survey and study conducted by Yuan Yida, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, using a sample size of 296 million, spread across 1,110 counties and cities. A total of 4,100 surnames recorded.
  • November 2004 – China issued its first set of postage stamps, for each of the top 100 Chinese family names (based on a 1982 government survey).[4]
  • 1990 – Sample size of 174,900.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Newest 100 Surnames". 2006-01-10. http://culture.163.com/06/0110/09/273JO40F00280003.html. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  2. ^ "Zhongwen.com: Top 200 Chinese Family Names". 1990. http://zhongwen.com/xingshi.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  3. ^ 2006 study by Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, conducted by Yuan Yida. Sampling of 296,000,000 (of 1,300,000,000) Chinese, covering 1100 (of 2862) counties and cities across China, and adjusted according to population proportion
  4. ^ "China issues first set of stamps of Chinese family names". People's Daily Online. 2004-11-19. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200411/19/eng20041119_164456.html. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 

External links


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