Varna culture


Varna culture

The Varna culture belongs to the late Eneolithic of northern Bulgaria. It is conventionally dated between 4400-4100 BC cal, that is, contemporary with Karanovo VI in the South. It is characterised by polychrome pottery and rich cemeteries, the most famous of which are Varna Necropolis, the eponymous site, and the Durankulak complex, which comprises the largest prehistoric cemetery in southeastern Europe (1,200 graves: published), with an adjoining coeval Neolithic settlement (published) and an unpublished and incompletely excavated Chalcolithic settlement. Burial is normally flat on the back, sometimes covered with stones. Grave gifts include bracelets of Spondylus, carnelian beads, gold beads and pendants, and blades of blond balcanic flint. The culture seems to come to a sudden end around 4100 BC, which Henrietta Todorova explains with a dramatic climatic change.

Notes

References

*Khenrieta Todorova, The eneolithic period in Bulgaria in the fifth millennium B.C. Oxford : British Archaeological Reports , 1978. BAR supplementary series 49.
* Henrieta Todorova, Kupferzeitliche Siedlungen in Nordostbulgarien. München: Beck 1982. Materialien zur allgemeinen und vergleichenden Archäologie 13.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Varna (disambiguation) — Varna may refer to:Places * Varna, Bulgaria * Varna, Azerbaijan * Varna, Illinois, village in Marshall County, Illinois, USA * Varna, New York, hamlet within the town of Dryden, New York, USA * Varna, Ontario, village in Ontario, Canada * Varna,… …   Wikipedia

  • Culture de Yamna — Culture Yamna Étendue approximative de la culture v. 3200 2300 av. J. C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture de Yamnaya — Culture Yamna Étendue approximative de la culture v. 3200 2300 av. J. C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Varna — This article is about the city in Bulgaria. For other uses, see Varna (disambiguation). Coordinates: 43°13′N 27°55′E / 43.217°N 27.917°E / 43.217; 27.9 …   Wikipedia

  • Varna (Bulgarie) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Varna. Varna Варна Варна …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Varna Necropolis — The Varna Necropolis ( bg. Варненски некропол) (also Varna Cemetery ) is a burial site in the western industrial zone of Varna (approximately half a kilometre from Lake Varna and 4 km from the city centre), Bulgaria, internationally considered… …   Wikipedia

  • Culture Yamna — Étendue approximative de la culture v. 3200 2300 av. J. C. La culture Yamna au …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture de Starčevo — La culture de Starčevo ou Starceviens est une culture archéologique néolithique d Europe de l Est et des Balkans. Elle tire son nom de Starčevo, une localité de Serbie située sur la rive du Danube, en face de Belgrade. Notes Articles connexes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture de la céramique à peigne — L Europe vers 4500 4000 av. J. C La culture de la céramique à peigne est une culture du Nord Est de l Europe néolithique. Elle exista de 4200 av. J. C. à 2000 av. J. C. environ. On la nomme ainsi d après le type le plus commun des décorations de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture des amphores globulaires — Étendue approximative de la culture de la céramique cordée avec les cultures adjacentes du IIIe millénaire av. J.‑C. (d après l Encyclopedia of Indo European Culture). La culture des amphores globulaires (en allemand …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.