Kimbanguism is a branch of Christianity founded by Simon Kimbangu in what was then the Belgian Congo (now the Democratic Republic of Congo). The church's name is the Kimbanguist Church (fully Église de Jésus Christ sur la Terre par son envoyé spécial Simon Kimbangu, or The Church of Christ on Earth by His Special Envoy Simon Kimbangu), and is a large, independent African Initiated Church with an estimated 5.5 million believers.
In April 1921, Kimbangu, a Baptist mission catechist, inaugurated a mass movement through his supposed miraculous healings and biblical teaching. The Belgian authorities treated the faith with suspicion and imprisoned Simon Kimbangu for most of his life (he died while in prison). The church was formally recognised by the Belgian colonial authorities in 1959.
Beliefs and practices
The church eschews politics and embraces a puritan ethic, rejecting the use of violence, polygamy, magic and witchcraft, alcohol, tobacco, and dancing. Its worship is Baptist in form, though the institution of Holy Communion was not introduced until 1971.
The three key dates in the Kimbanguist are April 6 (marking the date of the start of the ministry of healing), October 12 (marking the day Kimbangu died) and May 25 (marking Christmas, falling on the birthday of Papa Dialungana). The church is largely non-sacramental with large services only loosely organised.
The church also believes that Papa Simon Kimbangu is, in fact, the Holy Spirit, according to John 14:15-17. The Kimbanguists pray in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, both beginning and the end.
Alongside Father Simon Kimbangu, the Holy Trinity are, Father Kisolokele (first son of SK), as God the Father, Father Dialungana (the reincarnated Jesus Christ, and second son of SK), Father Diangienda Kuntima (last son, reincarnation of Papa Simon Kimbangu, and second human form of the Holy Spirit), and Father Simon Kimbangu Kiangani (grandson of Papa Simon Kimbangu, third human form of the Holy Spirit, and current spiritual leader of the Church, reigning from 2001-present)
The Church Kimbanguist and the Catholic Church have some things in common, such as sharing the belief of the Incarnation, and the conceiving of the Holy Spirit. The Catholic Church and the EJCSK both belief that the Virgin Mary is the Mother of the Universe, but Kimbanguists believe that Mother Muilu Kiawanga Nzitani is the wife of Papa Simon Kimbangu, mother of the Trinity and of course, the Virgin Mary.
- The life and works of Kimbangu
Simon Kimbangu is said to have came down to earth from Mount Zion as a Congolese infant. He was raised by a Pentecostal minister and poor wife, and is believed to have been an extraodinary child, with the wisdom of Solomon and the power to bring salvation to sinners. He grew up to be an Anglican. When he was 20 years old, he married his aunt, Muilu Kiawanga Nzitani, who the church teaches was Virgin Mary returned to earth. He did this because, when his uncle was on his deathbed, he asked Kimbangu to marry his wife.
The church teaches that while Muilu was asleep in bed, she heard somebody talking to her Husband. Approaching the garden, she saw Kimbangu talking to a "divine stranger", who Kimbangu told her was Jesus Christ.
In 1921, the mother of a deceased child is said to have approached Kimbangu while he was talking to his disciples. He is said to her, "Have faith in Me. I will give you a miracle and you know the truth about me. I will do something great for your daughter and you know see God's glory", and resurrected her child from the dead.
- The spiritual head (Diangienda)
- Adjunct spiritual heads (Dialungana and Kisolokele – the other sons of Simon Kimbangu)
- Bansadisi (healers)
- Legal representatives of churches in the various countries
- Regional representatives and their staffs
- Subregional representatives and their staffs
- Main parish ministers, evangelists and helpers
- Parish-section ministers, evangelists and helpers
- Simon Kimbangu & Kimbanguism
- Official Website (mostly in French, some German)
- Orchestre Symphonique Kimbanguiste (in French)
- Kimbangu resource (in French)
- Kimbangu: An African Prophet and His Church Marie-Louise Martin (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1976) ISBN 0-8028-3483-3
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Culture of the Democratic Republic of the Congo — The culture of the Democratic Republic of the Congo reflects much of the diversity of its hundreds of ethnic groups and their differing ways of life throughout the country from the mouth of the River Congo on the coast, upriver through the… … Wikipedia
Religion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo — Christianity is the main religion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, followed by about 80% of the population, comprising Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%. [http://adherents.com/adhloc/Wh 365.html Zaire (Democratic… … Wikipedia
Demographics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo — This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.… … Wikipedia
New Jerusalem — For other uses, see New Jerusalem (disambiguation). New Jerusalem Tabernacle of God Holy City City of God Celestial City Heavenly Jerusalem Jerusalem above Zion Shining City on a Hill New Jerusalem … Wikipedia
Democratic Republic of the Congo — Not to be confused with the neighbouring Republic of the Congo. Coordinates: 2°52′48″S 23°39′22″E / 2.88°S 23.656°E / 2 … Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in the Republic of the Congo — The constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the government generally respected this right in practice. There were no reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious belief or practice.Religious demographyThe country has … Wikipedia
República Democrática del Congo — No confundir con la República del Congo. República Democrática del Congo République Démocratique du Congo (Francés) Repubilika ya Kongo Demokratika (Kikongo) Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo (Suajili) Republiki ya Kɔngɔ Demokratiki (Lingala)… … Wikipedia Español
Christian denomination — See also: Denominationalism, List of Christian denominations, List of Christian denominations by number of members, and Christian Church Part of a series on Christianity … Wikipedia
Kongo people — ethnic group group=Kongo poptime=10 million popplace=Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Congo rels=Christianity, animism langs=Kongo language, Portuguese, French related=other Bantu peoplesThe Bakongo or the Kongo people (meaning hunter ) … Wikipedia
Kimpa Vita — Beatriz Kimpa Vita (1684–1706), was a Congolese prophet and leader of her own Christian movement, known as Antonianism. Her teaching grew out of the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church in Kongo. Contents 1 Early life 2 Call to mission 3… … Wikipedia