Soho Mint


Soho Mint

Soho Mint was created by Matthew Boulton in 1778 in his Soho Manufactory (gbmapping|SP051890) in Handsworth, West Midlands, England.

A mint was erected at the manufactory containing eight machines, driven by steam engine, each capable of striking 70 to 84 coins per minute.

In addition to copper domestic coins, silver coins were made for some of the colonies, and various medals were struck."Old and New Birmingham: A History of the Town and its People", Robert Kirkup Dent, Published by Houghton and Hammond, Scotland Passage, Birmingham, 1880 ]

After the demise of the Soho Mint some of the machinery was bought at auction by the new Birmingham Mint of Ralph Heaton II . ["A Numismatic History of the Birmingham Mint", James O. Sweeny, The Birmingham Mint Ltd, 1981, ISBN 0-9507594-0-6]

Cartwheel penny

The common coinage, copper halfpennies, was subject to severe counterfeiting.

In order to differentiate his proposed copper coins from counterfeits he specified them as follows:;twopence:2 ounces weight, diameter 8 to the foot;penny:1 ounce, diameter 17 to two feet;half-penny:1/2 ounce, diameter 10 to a foot;farthing:1/4 ounce, diameter 12 to a foot

In 1797 the first, and only, copper twopenny and the first penny coins were produced under contract although the smaller denominations did not follow until later."British Coins Market Values", Link House Magazines Ltd, 1993, ISSN 0-86296-100-9] These coins were comparatively large, having a broad raised rim with the inscription pressed below the surface and became known as the "cartwheel" pennies. Over 45 million were minted in two years. ["A History of Greater Birmingham - down to 1830", Victor Skipp, 1980, ISBN 0-9506998-0-2]

ee also

*British halfpenny coin regarding counterfeit coinage
*History of the British penny (1714-1901)

References

External links

* [http://currency.ha.com/common/features/numisarticles.php?id=106 Britain's Cartwheel Coinage of 1797]
* [http://jquarter.members.beeb.net/moremboulton.htm On Matthew Bolton and the Soho mint]
* [http://www.coinsgb.com British Coins] - Free information about British coins. Includes an online forum.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Soho Manufactory — in einer zeitgenössischen Ansicht: das Torhaus Die Soho Manufactory war eine der ersten modernen Fabriken, die in Handsworth (heute ein Stadtteil von Birmingham) zwischen 1762 und 1765 vom Unternehmer Matthew Boulton und seinem Partner John… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Soho Manufactory — The Soho Manufactory (gbmapping|SP051890), not to be confused with the Soho Foundry, was an early factory which pioneered mass production on the assembly line principle, in Soho, Birmingham, England.The factory was established by the toy… …   Wikipedia

  • Mint (coin) — Numismatics Terminology Portal Currency …   Wikipedia

  • Soho Foundry — (not to be confused with the Soho Manufactory) was a factory created in 1795 by Matthew Boulton and James Watt at Smethwick, West Midlands, England (gbmapping|SP037885), for the manufacture of steam engines.HistoryThe factory was built on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Birmingham Mint — The Birmingham Mint, a coining mint, originally known as Heaton s Mint or Ralph Heaton Sons, in Birmingham, England started producing tokens and coins in 1850 as a private enterprise, separate from, but in cooperation with the Royal Mint. Its… …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Boulton — 1792 portrait of Matthew Boulton Born 3 September 1728(1728 09 03) Birmingham, England …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Boulton — Matthew Boulton; im Hintergrund seine „Soho Manufactory“ Matthew Boulton (* 3. September 1728[1] in Birmingham; † 18. August 1809 ebendort) war ein englischer Ingenieur und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Old Bess (beam engine) — Old Bess, as now preserved in the Science Museum, London Old Bess is an early beam engine built by the partnership of Boulton and Watt. The engine was constructed in 1777 and worked until 1848.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Jean-Pierre Droz — (* 17. April 1746 in La Chaux de Fonds; † 2. März 1823 in Paris) war ein Schweizer Medailleur, der als Münzmeister in England und Frankreich diente. Droz führte wesentliche Neuerungen in der Prägetechnik ein und schuf zwischen 1780 und 1819… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean Pierre Droz — (* 17. April 1746 in La Chaux de Fonds; † 2. März 1823 in Paris) war ein Schweizer Medailleur, der als Münzmeister in England und Frankreich diente. Droz führte wesentliche Neuerungen in der Prägetechnik ein und schuf zwischen 1780 und 1819… …   Deutsch Wikipedia