- Army General Classification Test
The Army General Classification Test (AGCT) has a long history that runs parallel with research and means for attempting the assessment of
intelligenceor other abilities. [Paul F. Ballantyne, "Psychology, Society, and Ability Testing (1859-2002): Transformative alternatives to Mental Darwinism and Interactionism" " [http://www.comnet.ca/%7Epballan/C4P1.htm Chapter 4, Rise of Group Ability Testing] ... (1918-1932)"] World War Iand World War IIcreated the need for this type of testing and provided a large body of test subjects. The early emphasis ( World War I) was on determining the level of literacyamongst a heterogeneous group. Subsequent testing targeted aptitudein order to better fill roles, such as those provided by officers who obtained commissions from other than the United States military academies, or to meet the need for increasingly complicated skills that came along with technological progress, especially after World War II. [Paul F. Ballantyne, "Psychology, Society, and Ability Testing (1859-2002): Transformative alternatives to Mental Darwinism and Interactionism" " [http://www.comnet.ca/%7Epballan/C5P1.htm Chapter 5, From Training Programs to World War II Testing] ... (1933-1946)"]
As with other measurement attempts, the AGCT ran into controversy during the era of the
Vietnam conflict. [Morris J MacGregor, Jr [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/books/integration/IAF-fm.htm Integration of the Armed Forces 1940-1965] [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/books/integration/IAF-05.htm Chapter 5] ] [Paul F. Ballantyne, "Psychology, Society, and Ability Testing (1859-2002): Transformative alternatives to Mental Darwinism and Interactionism" " [http://www.comnet.ca/%7Epballan/C7P1.htm Chapter 7, Questioning the Ideology of Testing] ... (1964-1981)"] Yet, the requirement did not abate, leading to improvements in the application and use of the standard testing methodology.
The modern variant of this test is the
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery(ASVAB) that was first administered in 1960. [USMEPCOM [http://www.mepcom.army.mil/visitor-info.asp Your Future Begins Now, Testing] ]
Many high IQ societies, such as
Mensa, can map their entrance requirements to early AGCT scores. [American MENSA [http://www.us.mensa.org/Content/AML/NavigationMenu/Join/SubmitTestScores/QualifyingTestScores/QualifyingScores.htm Qualifying Test Scores] ] The AGCT was of interest to researchers due to the broad nature of the testee domain.
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